After Hiroshima: The United States, Race and Nuclear Weapons in Asia, 1945-1965

After Hiroshima: The United States, Race and Nuclear Weapons in Asia, 1945-1965

Londres, 27 novembre 2010

Professor Jones will examine how the legacies of the atomic bombing of Japan in 1945, the subsequent record of US nuclear testing in the Pacific, and the projected use of nuclear weapons against China, generated tensions in the relations between the United States and various Asian states and societies. One area of discord that will be featured is how, during an era marked by racial segregation and discrimination in the United States, the atomic bomb was often pictured as a ‘white man’s weapon’ which Western states were callously prepared to use against Asians, and how such perceptions came to influence the views of American policymakers on the consequences of any further nuclear use in the region.

Speakers: Matthew Jones is Chair in American Foreign Relations at the University of Nottingham, and an associate of the Cold War Studies Project; Arne Hofmann is the Head of the CWSP, and Masters Tutor in the International History Department at LSE.

Lieu : London School of Economics, salle B 212

Pour en savoir plus : http://www2.lse.ac.uk/IDEAS/events/events/2010/101125Jones.aspx

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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German Unification Before and After: Generations, Dictatorship, Society

German Unification Before and After: Generations, Dictatorship, Society

Londres, 27 octobre 2010, 18h30

Following German unification in 1990, it rapidly became apparent that East and West Germans had less in common than their shared pre-1945 past might suggest. This talk explores some of the hidden generational dynamics of recent German history and the lingering legacies of the two German dictatorships.

Speakers: Mary Fulbrook is Professor of German history and Vice Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities at University College London; Arne Hofmann is the Head of the Cold War Studies Project, and Masters Tutor in the International History Department at LSE.

Lieu : LSE, salle B 212

Pour en savoir plus : http://www2.lse.ac.uk/IDEAS/events/events/2010/101025Fulbrook.aspx

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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New Cold War Research workshop

New Cold War Research workshop

Helsinki, 1-2 novembre 2010

The purpose of this workshop is to draw special attention to the interconnected relations of trade, technology and competition during the Cold War era. The Cold War period has been viewed by the mainstream literature as an East-West juxtaposition, emphasizing conflict and confrontation between the blocs. The focus of the New Cold War Research workshop is, however, on cooperation and interactions between East and West, which have been mostly overlooked or underestimated. The workshop intends to look at Europe as an arena where East and West met and established relations that resembled, in many cases, the traditional pre-Cold War contact networks.

Trade, technology and competition

Beyond the political spheres of the Cold War, trade – and especially economic profit – was the most powerful motivation for interaction between the two blocs. For the Western partners, the main motivator was solely economic profit, whereas in the East motivation centered on acquiring commodities, and above all, technology. Soon after the Cold War began, technological progress became one of the main boosters of economic growth. The post-World War II technological innovations, e.g., automation and computerisation, were soon defined as strategic technologies and the trade of technology from the West to the Eastern Bloc was restricted by the embargo of the CoCom system. Nevertheless, in spite of trade controls, from the 1950’s until the end of Cold War, active and flourishing trade occurred between the East and West, including the field of technology. Because it was multileveled interaction, smaller states and smaller actors also participated in trade and technology transfers. Technologies were exported mainly from the West to the East, but what is less well-known is that this phenomenon appeared equally from the East to the West.

The Cold War induced a situation in which competition became the key notion in the bipolar confrontation. The constant sense of insecurity and the drive for an ideological hegemony led to an East-West rivalry, most notably in the spheres of ideology and armaments. This workshop, however, investigates ways of competing that were not related to this politically-anchored contest. Competition has been generally viewed in terms of market capitalism, but new research points out that a Western type of competition also occurred in state socialism. This phenomenon appeared as a result of the various forms of multileveled interaction and increasing economic relations between East and West, in which not only goods but also ideas spread through the Iron Curtain. The workshop aims to discuss how trade and the transfer of technology affected the rise of competitiveness inside of the Eastern Bloc.

Program: http://www.helsinki.fi/aleksanteri/cwrg/2010workshop.pdf

Organizers:   Sari Autio-Sarasmo (sari.autio-sarasmo@helsinki.fi) and Katalin Miklóssy (katalin.miklossy@helsinki.fi)

The workshop will take place on November 1-2, 2010 at the Aleksanteri Institute, University of Helsinki (http://www.helsinki.fi/aleksanteri/english/index.html)

New Cold War Research workshop is organised by the Nordic Cold War Research Network (NORCENCOWAR) and by the international research project Competition in Socialist Society.

Website: http://www.helsinki.fi/aleksanteri/cwrg/index.html

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Unthinking the Imaginary War. Intellectual Reflections of the Nuclear Age, 1945-1990

Unthinking the Imaginary War. Intellectual Reflections of the Nuclear Age, 1945-1990

Londres, 4-6 novembre 2010

International Conference, jointly organised by the Centre for Peace History, University of Sheffield, and the Arbeitskreis für Historische Friedensforschung, in collaboration with the German Historical Institute London and the German Historical Institute Rome. It aims to bring together historians, philosophers and scholars from cultural studies who are interested in intellectual, political and artistic reflections of the ‘imaginary’ reality of a nuclear war in the period from 1945 to 1990. It will discuss how the atomic bomb and its imaginary impact has served as a signifier in political, intellectual and artistic discourses, and how philosophers, writers, artists, but also defence intellectuals tried to think and unthink the political and strategic realities of the nuclear age.

Programme détaillé

Lieu : German Historical Institute London, 17 Bloomsbury Square, London WC1A 2NJ

Renseignements : http://www.ghil.ac.uk

Ajout du 27 décembre 2010 : un compte-rendu H-Net est disponible en ligne, en anglais : http://www.h-net.org/~diplo/reports/PDF/GHI_ConfReport.pdf

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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The world towards « Solidarity » movement 1980-1989

The world towards « Solidarity » movement 1980-1989

Wroclaw (Pologne), 21-23 octobre 2010

«When in August 1980 strikes broke out in Poland and « Solidarity » movement was created, the world public opinion realized that something important happened. For the first time behind the iron curtain a massive, independent from totalitarian state trade union organization appeared. For almost a year and a half people watched the effects of non-violent struggle of the Polish workers for the right to freedom and dignified life. It appeared possible, even if for some time only, to overcome the barrier which had divided Europe. Governments and parliaments, political, social and labor organizations, church and charity societies wanted to support « Solidarity » by sending financial help, developing contacts, advising in organizational affairs. This, not really formalized and reluctantly welcomed by the communist authorities, co-operation contributed to make « Solidarity » stronger. It proved that the Polish democratic movement is not alone in their struggle, what was even more important after the martial law was introduced in December 1981. In that difficult time « Solidarity » could count on support and help from the whole world. Spontaneous protests and manifestations could be watched in lots of countries, various committees were created, after a few weeks sending equipment and funds was started again, this time illegally. In a smaller way the support for « Solidarity » was visible in the countries of communist bloc.

This phenomenon of a wide range should be described. In the meanwhile it was not researched enough, many archives were destroyed or scattered, only few participants of the events gave their reports. In order to change the situation, even in part, the Institute of National Remembrance in Warsaw and the Institute of History of the University of Wroclaw organize the international scientific conference The World towards « Solidarity » Movement 1980-1989.»

Programme détaillé : http://ipn.gov.pl/portal/en/2/305/

The conference is held under the honourable patronage of President of Wrocław Rafał Dutkiewicz.

Location: Wrocław, Grand Hall of the Old Town Hall (the City Museum of Wrocław, Sukiennice 14/15, 1st floor).

The conference languages are Polish and English with simultaneous interpretation.

The conference will be open to the public. All participants without papers are asked for registration by sending the enclosed form with personal data. The conference is free of charge. The applications should be sent to: Anna Piekarska (anna.piekarska@ipn.gov.pl)

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Cold War Cultures

Cold War Cultures: Transnational and Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Austin (Texas), 30 septembre-3 octobre 2010


Sessions :

  • The children’s hour: Youth under threat as Cold War images
  • What has the Cold War Wrought? A view from the humanities
  • Cold War cultures in divived Germany
  • Art goes to war in the US
  • Africa and its Cold War writing
  • The Cold War, mcCarthyism and American culture in the 1950s and 1950s
  • Middle East (re)alignments: regional politics transformed
  • Cold Sar cinemas in the shadow of the USSR
  • Gendering the public spaces of the Nation
  • Reimaging Jewish history in the Cold War
  • Divisions overcome: the new politics of historical culture
  • Cold War architecture: building ideologies
  • Performance in the East Bloc: Easts meet Wests
  • Zambia, South Africa, Rhodesia and the diplomacy
  • Policies and state power: the US and the Middle East
  • Images and Political Power: visual politics
  • Targets that matters: nukes and grounds zero
  • Rhetorical cultures of the Cold War behind the Iron Curtain: three case studies
  • Crossroads and counter-currents: India in transnational networks during the Cold War
  • Cold War Post-Memory in Germany
  • Art in Europe’s Cold War
  • American litteratures of the Cold War
  • South Africa’s Cold War
  • New theoretical paradigms
  • Pentagon-Hollywood: the military-indusrial entertainment complex
  • Logics of Armageddon
  • Dissidents
  • China international: the many uses of the past in Cold War Asia
  • Visions of/in the GDR: building the GDR subject
  • Art and post-memory: rethinking representations and their politics
  • Literary intellectuals and the cultural Cold War
  • Africa and the Cold War
  • Diplomacy, policy and East-West relations
  • Cinematic memories of the Cold War
  • Consumer cultures: East bloc
  • Labor politics and social geographies in the Cold War
  • Cold War Canada
  • Traveling politics in the Cold War
  • France’s Cold War legacies
  • Music and the Cold War
  • Cold War in the comics
  • Hard-liners: media nazis and communists
  • Third party histories: proxy post-memories
  • Cold War policy tragedies
  • East looking West: imagining the Western Ennemy
  • Uncanny encounters
  • Boundaries, borders, transgressions: German Art, 1961-1990
  • New narratives of Political resistances: re-inventing litterature
  • Media wars: Cold War deformatiosn of culture
  • Religion as Cold War weapon
  • Not-so-sporting matches: the politics of sportive events
  • Britain spies and their others
  • China and the US in the Cold War: producing the Other
  • The Cold War home front in postwar Germany
  • Cold War artistic conspiracies of the 1960s and 1970s
  • Literary politics in Cold War Europe
  • Angola after the Cold War: nation and legacies of intervention
  • Negotiating Cold War icons: contestations
  • Broadcast politics
  • (Anti-) communism and Cold War politics in/from Italy
  • (Re)constructions of race in the Cold War
  • Stories as Cold War post-memory
  • German refractions of Cold War Europe
  • Youth culture: resistance from the margins
  • Militarizing publics spaces: new Cold War cultures
  • Cultural exchanges: politics by other means
  • Cold War encounters: the origin of new discourses in the US
  • Tourism and the East Bloc
  • Korea in the Cold War: negotiating political identities
  • Filming Cold War Europe
  • Building the Cold War subject in the East bloc
  • Assessing our allies: gendered language, orientalist discourse, the popular press and US Cold War dipomacy
  • Weird science and the Cold War
  • Producing new knowledge of the Cold War: historical epistemologies
  • Japan’s Cold War legacies
  • Cinematic Cold Wars from Hollywood
  • Superpowers weapons: globalizing Soviet power
  • US interventions and infiltrations
  • Protests: in the wake of 1968

Programme détaillé : http://www.coldwarcultures.org/program.html

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Le processus de la CSCE : politique internationale et transformations sociales (1975-1989/1990)

Der KSZE-Prozess: Internationale Politik und gesellschaftliche Transformation (1975-1989/90)

Munich, 21-23 octobre 2010

Diese Konferenz steht in Zusammenhang mit einem großen Forschungsprojekt unter dem Titel « Der KSZE-Prozess: Multilaterale Konferenzdiplomatie und ihre Folgen (1975 – 1989/90) », das das Institut für Zeitgeschichte demnächst abschließen wird. Das zusammen mit den Universitäten Paris IV-Sorbonne (Lehrstuhl Prof. Dr. Georges-Henri Soutou) und Erlangen-Nürnberg (Lehrstuhl Prof. Dr. Helmut Altrichter) durchgeführte Kooperationsprojekt untersucht die beiden Seiten des KSZE-Prozesses in den 1970er und 1980er Jahren: die multilaterale Konferenzdiplomatie, die den Prozess anstieß und verstetigte, sowie deren Folgen für die Gesellschaften in den osteuropäischen Staaten.

In Anbetracht der inzwischen relativ weit fortgeschrittenen Forschungen zu den Ursprüngen und Anfängen des KSZE-Prozesses konzentriert sich die Konferenz bewusst auf die in der zweiten Hälfte der 1970er Jahre und in den 1980er Jahren virulenten Prozesse. Sowohl im Hinblick auf die Diplomatie- und Politikgeschichte als auch im Hinblick auf die innerstaatlichen und innergesellschaftlichen Auswirkungen im Ostblock stehen daher die KSZE-Nachfolgekonferenzen von Belgrad und Madrid im Mittelpunkt des Interesses. Es geht zum einen um die nationalen Interessen der Supermächte und wichtiger westlicher, östlicher und neutraler Staaten im KSZE-Prozess und zum anderen um Wechselwirkungen von Politik- und Gesellschaftsgeschichte im Hinblick auf westliche Menschenrechtsgruppen und osteuropäische Gesellschaften.

Contact : Annette Wöhrmann, Institut für Zeitgeschichte, Leonrodstr. 46b, 80636 München (woehrmann@ifz-muenchen.de)

Programme détaillé : http://www.gsi.uni-muenchen.de/aktuelles/extern/kszw-prozess/index.html

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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