Russia’s Cold War. From the October Revolution to the Fall of the Wall

Haslam, Jonathan, Russia’s Cold War. From the October Revolution to the Fall of the Wall, New Haven : Yale University Press, décembre 2010, 544 p.

Présentation de l’éditeur :

The phrase « Cold War » was coined by George Orwell in 1945 to describe the impact of the atomic bomb on world politics: « We may be heading not for a general breakdown but for an epoch as horribly stable as the slave empires of antiquity ». The Soviet Union, he wrote, was « at once unconquerable and in a permanent state of ‘cold war’ with its neighbors ». But as a leading historian of Soviet foreign policy, Jonathan Haslam, makes clear in this groundbreaking book, the epoch was anything but stable, with constant wars, near-wars, and political upheavals on both sides.

Whereas the Western perspective on the Cold War has been well documented by journalists and historians, the Soviet side has remained for the most part shrouded in secrecy—until now. Drawing on a vast range of recently released archives in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia, and Eastern Europe, Russia’s Cold War offers a thorough and fascinating analysis of East-West relations from 1917 to 1989.

Far more than merely a straight forward history of the Cold War, this book presents the first account of politics and decision making at the highest levels of Soviet power: how Soviet leaders saw political and military events, what they were trying to accomplish, their miscalculations, and the ways they took advantage of Western ignorance.  Russia’s Cold War fills a significant gap in our understanding of the most important geopolitical rivalry of the twentieth century.

Jonathan Haslam is Professor of the History of International Relations at the University of Cambridge, Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, and a Fellow of the British Academy. He is the author of numerous books, including The Nixon Administration and the Death of Allende’s Chile: A Case of Assisted Suicide and No Virtue Like Necessity: Realist Thought in International Relations Since Machiavelli.

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Cold War History (11/1, février 2011)

Cold War History, vol. 11, no. 1, février 2011

Dossier «Europe Americanized?»

  • Simona Tobia, « Introduction: Europe Americanized? Popular reception of Western Cold War propaganda in Europe », p. 1-7.
  • Linda Risso, « Propaganda on wheels: The NATO travelling exhibitions in the 1950s and 1960s, Pages 9-25.
  • Simona Tobia, Advertising America: VOA and Italy », p. 27-47.
  • Graham Mytton, « Audience research at the BBC External Services during the Cold War: A view from the inside », p. 49-67.
  • Luigi Bruti Liberati, « Witch-hunts and Corriere della Sera . A conservative perception of American political values in Cold War Italy: The 1950s », p. 69-83.
  • Hilary Footitt, « American forces in France: Communist representations of US deployment », Pages 85-98.

Historiographical Review :

James I. Matray, « Korea’s war at 60: A survey of the literature », p.  99-129.

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International Organizations, Non-Governmental Actors and the Rise of Global Governance, 1945-1990

Shifting Visions of Development: International Organizations, Non-Governmental Actors and the Rise of Global Governance, 1945-1990

Brême, 29-30 septembre 2011

Date limite de réponse : 15 mars 2011

Conveners: Marc Frey, Soenke Kunkel, and Corinna R. Unger (all Jacobs University Bremen)

Sponsored by the German Historical Institute Washington, DC, the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences, and the Research Group TEAMS at Jacobs University Bremen

International Organizations and INGOs have played a leading role in the making of global development policies during the last fifty years.  Powerful engines of globalization as much as global transmitters of ideas and knowledge, specifically organizations such as the World Bank, the United Nations and private foundations have left their footprints in fields like health, human rights, agriculture, labor, development aid, gender, demography, and ecology. Today, they manage and regulate large sectors of social activity across the globe, functioning as influential clearing houses of global governance.

Historians have only recently rediscovered the history of those organizations. While most of them agree with social scientists that the postwar era marked the high point of international and non-state organizations in a global setting, much research remains to be done to better understand the role of those institutions with regard to policy-making and politics not only in the metropoles but also on the « periphery ». How did they shape relations between North and South, East and West? What kinds of practices did they establish on the ground?  Which difference did they make?

The time seems ripe to take a more systematic look at the various fields of development and to bring together leading scholars to assess where we stand and what remains to be done. To that end, the conference will combine case studies with conceptual debates. We are particularly looking for contributions that deal with either one of the following aspects in relation to one or different international organizations and/or non-state actors:

  • Development policies of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund: Concepts, projects, people, and problems
  • Environmental concerns and development: Norms, North-South conflicts and cooperation, institutional arrangements, specific policies
  • Gender and development: Discourses and normative concepts, local policies, global conferences, and activists
  • Human rights: history of organizations or particular activists, campaigns, policies, specific cases
  • Local perspectives: Histories covering experiences with development aid from the recipients’ perspective

The conference will take place on the campus of Jacobs University Bremen, Germany. Participants will be reimbursed for travel expenses and accommodation. We are planning to publish select conference proceedings with a well-established university press.

Scholars interested in participating in the conference are asked to send an abstract (200 to 400 words, in English) and a short curriculum vitae to visions@jacobs-university.de before March 15, 2011.

In order to facilitate scholarly interchange, participants will circulate their papers before the conference, and will give only very brief oral summaries. Final papers (7000 to 8000 words, fully footnoted) are due September 1 and will be available to conference participants only.

Inquiries can be made to the conveners via the conference e-mail address: visions@jacobs-university.de

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Publishing in Hot and Cold Wars 1939-1989

« Publishing in Hot and Cold Wars 1939-1989»

Londres

14-15 avril 2011

(Voir l’appel à communications : http://guerre-froide.hypotheses.org/162)

This conference is concerned with the distinctive ways in which the communication of ideas, news, and entertainment was conducted nationally and internationally during the Second World War and the subsequent Cold War. Our main focus will be on print production, but we will also want to provide a context for this in terms of broadcast materials, and documentary and feature films. We are interested in propaganda, in censorship, in the sustaining of morale at home, and in the projection of ideologies abroad. Relationships between government, government agencies, actually or apparently independent institutions, and publishers and writers, will also of interest.

This is an international conference, but one of its strands will concern Britain’s Ministry of Information (George Orwell’s « Minitrue »), which operated during the Second World War from London University’s Senate House, in which the conference will be held. There will be a talk on the history of Senate House and a conducted tour of the building as part of the programme.

This conference will not be a wholly conventional one. In part it should be regarded as a meeting to plan a major book and, possibly, a subsequent research project. This means that we are having no parallel sessions – everyone will get to hear and discuss everything – and that all participants are of equal status. This will include all those who attend but who do not deliver papers, as we want as wide an input into the discussions as we can get. Given the constraint of the rooms in which the conference will be held, numbers will be strictly limited so early application is recommended.

Tea and coffee will be provided, and there will be a reception on Thursday evening.

Registration fees:

  • £45 standard
  • £35 speakers/IES members/students

Registration form: see on the website of the conference (http://ies.sas.ac.uk/events/conferences/2011/Hot&ColdWars/index.htm)

THURSDAY 14 APRIL

10.00am – Coffee and registration

10.30am – Welcome and introduction: Simon Eliot and Ian Willison (Institute of English Studies)

11.00-12.30 – First Panel

  • John Hench: ‘How American Book and Magazine Publishers Wooed Washington, the GIs, and the World in World War II’
  • Giorgio Bacci: ‘Publishing under Fascism in Italy : the Firm of Salani and its Illustrations in the 1930s and 1940s’
  • Ellen D. Gilbert: ‘American Library Association’s response to the concerns and exigencies of World War II’

12.30-13.30 – Lunch

13.30-15.00 Second Panel

  • Amy Flanders: ‘Macmillan War Pamphlets and the MoI’
  • Iain Stevenson: ‘Puffin Books during the War’
  • Dawn Nell: ‘Serving Abroad: Oxford University Press Overseas Branches during World War II’

15.00-15.30 Tea

15.40-17.30 Third Panel

  • Angus Wrenn, Olga Sobolev: ‘Questioning the Future of Civilisation’
  • Eva Nieto McAvoy: ‘Publishing the Spanish Civil War in Britain: the case of Arturo Barea, 1939-1957’
  • Sara Mori: ‘Propaganda Broadsides during the Allied Advance in Italy 1943-45’
  • Valerie Holman: ‘Knight, Poet, Anarchist: Herbert Read and British Publishing, 1939-58’

17.30-18.30 – Tour of Senate House

FRIDAY 15 APRIL

09.00-10.30 – Fourth Panel

  • Martine Poulain: ‘The Looting of French Libraries by the Nazi Occupation Forces’
  • Charles Chadwyck-Healey: ‘The Literature of the Liberation’
  • Phil Baker: ‘Ayesha: Pulp Fiction, the Foreign Office, and Dennis Wheatley’s Cold War’

10.30-11.00 – Coffee

11.30-13.00 – Fifth Panel

  • Matthew Grant: ‘Propaganda, Public Opinion and Nuclear War in Early Cold War Britain’
  • Leo Jansens: ‘What We Should Know about Their Life? Propaganda-Based Clichés of the West Exploited in Latvian Language Sociopolitical Journals during Last Years of Stalin Era’
  • Beata Jurkowicz: ‘Censorship in the Polish People’s Republic 1946-1971’

13.00-17.00 – Lunch

14.00-15.30 – Sixth Panel

  • Vladimir Dobrenko: ‘Recycling Propaganda: Writing, Staging and Filming Soviet Cold War, 1946-1953’
  • Simon Huxtable: ‘ « What do our readers want? » Soviet journalism between populism and propaganda, 1953-1968’
  • Jirina Smejkalova: ‘The Cold War Books Trouble or How to Tell their Story after the Censor Had Gone’

15.30-16.00 – Tea

16.00-18.00 – Seventh Panel

  • Mark Bartlett: ‘Anytime, Anywhere: Media Transformations During the Cold War’
  • Martin D. Brown: ‘Imagining World War III: Techno-thrillers, Détente and the military balance during the Second Cold War’
  • Patrick Major: ‘Through the Looking Glass: The GDR Spy Thriller’
  • John Rodden: ‘ Animal Farm and the Cold War on Three Continents’

Concluding discussion

The School of Advanced Study is part of the central University of London. The School takes its responsibility to visitors with special needs very seriously and will endeavour to make reasonable adjustments to its facilities in order to accommodate the needs of such visitors.  If you have a particular requirement, please feel free to discuss it confidentially with the organiser in advance of the event taking place.

Enquiries: Jon Millington, Events Officer, Institute of English Studies, Senate House, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HU; tel +44 (0) 207 664 4859; Email jon.millington@sas.ac.uk.

Website : http://ies.sas.ac.uk/events/conferences/2011/Hot&ColdWars/index.htm

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Avril 2011

[AAC : appels à communications — SEM : séminaires — COLL : colloques]

[AAC] 1er avril 2011

[COLL] 2 avril 2011

[SEM] 4 avril 2011

[COLL] 5 avril 2011

[SEM] 7 avril 2011

[COLL] 14-15 avril 2011

[COLL] 14-16 avril 2011

[COLL] 15-16 avril 2011

[AAC] 25 avril 2011

[SEM] 28 avril 2011

[COLL] 28-30 avril 2011

[SEM] 29 avril 2011

  • «Les transferts de populations entre la Pologne et l’Ukraine dans le cadre de l’établissement de la nouvelle frontière (1944-1947)» (séminaire du CERCEC)
  • Paris
  • http://guerre-froide.hypotheses.org/899

[CONF] 29 avril-1er mai 2011

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Séance 5 : la guerre froide à l’échelle individuelle

La cinquième séance du séminaire «Autour du système de guerre froide» aura lieu le lundi 7 mars 2011, de 13h00 à 15h00. Sur le thème «Identités locales : la guerre froide à l’échelon individuel», nous accueillerons :

  • Philippe Buton (IHTP, université de Reims), qui présentera le projet «La guerre froide vue d’en bas»
  • Roman Krakovsky (doctorant à l’université Paris I) : «L’espace public et le bien commun sous le communisme en Tchécoslovaquie»

Lieu : Maison de la Recherche, 28 rue Serpente, 75006 Paris (métros Saint-Michel ou Odéon). Salle S02 : couloir immédiatement à gauche dans le hall du rez-de-chaussée.

Renseignements : Émilia Robin Hivert (emilia.robin@free.fr)

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Allemagne de l’Est / Russie / URSS

Allemagne de l’Est / Russie / URSS

Toulouse

3 mars 2011

Programme :

  • 10h00 : E. Droit (université de Rennes II) : «La Stasi à l’école»
  • 11h00 : E. Chouleur : «La famine de 1932-1933»
  • 14h00 : F. Boiché : «Le culte de Staline, 1945-1953»
  • 15h00 : V. Antoshkina : «L’URSS et l’intégration européenne, 1951-1962»

Lieu : Maison de la recherche, salle A 306, Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail, 5 allée Antonio Machado, 31058 Toulouse Cedex 9

Organisation : Jean-Paul Depretto (depretto.jp@gmail.com), université de Toulouse II-Le Mirail.

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2011 European Summer School on Cold War History

2011 European Summer School on Cold War History

7–10 septembre 2011, Padoue (Italie)

Date limite de réponse : 25 avril 2011

After the successful experiences of 2009 and 2010, the Università di Padova, the LSE IDEAS-Cold War Studies Programme, the European University Institute and the Istituto Italiano di Scienze Umane SUM are jointly convening the 2011 European Summer School on Cold War History at the Università di Padova, 7-10 September 2011.

The programme will consist of workshops and panel sessions focused on submitted research papers, debates on historiography, broad interpretative issues and new research directions. The School faculty will include prominent scholars in the field, among others: Antonio Varsori (Università di Padova), Federico Romero (European University Institute), Mario Del Pero (Università di Bologna), Leopoldo Nuti (Università Roma 3), Silvio Pons (Università di Roma Tor Vergata), Marilyn Young (New York University), Michael Cox, Arne Westad, Arne Hofmann and Svetozar Rajak (London School of Economics).

The Summer School is an excellent opportunity for graduate students to present papers and receive critical feedback from peers and experts in the field. Doctoral students and recent PhDs (no more than 3 years from completion) are invited to submit proposals. We encourage submissions on any aspect of the Cold War, broadly defined. Of particular interest are papers that make use of newly available primary sources. Papers should not exceed 7,000 words (including citations in Chicago style). At the School, each participant will give a 15 minute presentation followed by discussion with the faculty and students.

Applicants should submit a 500 word abstract of the proposed research paper and a brief academic CV (in PDF format) to Wes Ullrich at ideas.coldwar@lse.ac.uk by 25 April 2011 to be considered. Please note in the subject line of your e-­‐mail “CW Summer School 2011 – Padova”.  Notification of acceptance will be made by 20 May 2011. Successful applicants will be expected to email their papers by 20 August 2011.

The accepted students will provide for their own travelling expenses to and from Padova and pay a €50 registration fee. The School will provide board and lodging at the conference venue.

Please direct all inquiries to the aforementioned email address.

Website : http://www2.lse.ac.uk/IDEAS/programmes/coldWarStudiesProgramme/Events/conferences/CWSS2011.aspx

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Relations Internationales (no. 144, automne 2010)

Relations internationales, no. 144,2010/4, automne 2010

Dossier «Entre guerres et ruptures, la protection dans les relations internationales, II»

  • Neville Wylie, Une évaluation du parcours de la Suisse en tant que puissance protectrice à « double mandat » pour le Royaume-Uni et l’Allemagne durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale», p. 3-21.
  • Daniel Bourgeois, «La représentation des intérêts étrangers de Vichy par la Suisse à l’ombre de l’Occupation et de la France libre», p. 21-35.
  • Johannes Schneider, «`Un moyen précieux de maintenir de bonnes liaisons » : la Suisse, puissance protectrice de l’Italie au cours d’une décennie tourmentée (1940-1949)», p. 37-49.
  • Michele Coduri, «Protection des intérêts étrangers et bons offices dans l’espace sino-coréen au début des années 1950», p. 51-64.
  • Eva Pfirter, «La protection des intérêts britanniques en Égypte par la Suisse en 1956 : une stratégie de compensation», p. 65-71.
  • Thomas Fischer, «La Suisse et la représentation des intérêts américains à Cuba dans les années 1961-1977», p. 73-86.
  • François Nordmann, «La représentation des intérêts étrangers au Département fédéral des Affaires étrangères : témoignage d’un diplomate», p. 87-92.
  • Micheline Calmy-Rey, «La protection dans la politique extérieure suisse d’aujourd’hui», p. 93-103.

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Journal of Contemporary History (46/1, janvier 2011)

Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 56, no 1, janvier 2011

Numéro spécial édité par Jeremi Suri : «Conflict and Cooperation in the Cold War»

ARTICLES

  • Jeremi Suri, «Conflict and Co-operation in the Cold War: New Directions in Contemporary Historical Research», p. 5-9.
  • Udi E. Greenberg, «Germany’s Postwar Re-education and Its Weimar Intellectual Roots», p. 10-32.
  • Adi Gordon, «The Need for West: Hans Kohn and the North Atlantic Community», p. 33-57.
  • Geoffrey Roberts, «Moscow’s Cold War on the Periphery: Soviet Policy in Greece, Iran, and Turkey, 1943-8», p. 58-81.
  • Jennifer M. Miller, «The Struggle to Rearm Japan: Negotiating the Cold War State in US-Japanese Relations», p. 82-108.
  • Vanessa Walker, «At the End of Influence: The Letelier Assassination, Human Rights, and Rethinking Intervention in US-Latin American Relations», p. 109-135.
  • Nicholas Thompson, «Nuclear War and Nuclear Fear in the 1970s and 1980s», p. 136-149.
  • Waqar H. Zaidi, «‘Aviation Will Either Destroy or Save Our Civilization’: Proposals for the International Control of Aviation, 1920-45», p. 150-178.
  • Niklas Jensen-Eriksen, «Industrial Diplomacy and Economic Integration: The Origins of All-European Paper Cartels, 1959-72», p. 179-202.

COMPTES-RENDUS

  • Kathleen Burk, Old World, New World: The Story of Britain and America, London: Abacus, 2009, 830 p. Compte-rendu de Charlie Whitham.
  • Joachim Tauber and Ralph Tuchtenhagen, Vilnius: Kleine Geschichte der Stadt, Cologne, Weimar, and Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2008, 284 p.  Compte-rendu de John Hiden.
  • Saul Dubow, A Commonwealth of Knowledge: Science, Sensibility, and White South Africa 1820-2000, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, 296 p.  Compte-rendu de Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni.
  • Heather Jones, Jennifer O’Brien and Christoph Schmidt-Supprian (eds), Untold War: New Perspectives in First World War Studies, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2008, 449 p. Compte-rendu de David Monger.
  • David Fowler, Youth Culture in Modern Britain, c.1920-c.1970, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, 301 p. Compte-rendu de Sean Nixon.
  • Nicholas Coni, Medicine and Warfare: Spain, 1936-1939, New York and London: Routledge/Cañada Blanch Studies on Contemporary Spain, 2008, 266 p. Compte-rendu de Joseph Harrison.
  • Jonathan Huener and Francis R. Nicosia (eds), The Arts in Nazi Germany: Continuity, Conformity, Change, New York: Berghahn Books, 2006, 226 p.  Compte-rendu de James A. Van Dyke.
  • Simone Gigliotti, The Train Journey: Transit, Captivity, and Witnessing in the Holocaust, New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2009, 244 p.  Compte-rendu de Alex J. Kay.
  • Juliette Pattinson, Behind Enemy Lines: Gender, Passing and the Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2007, 236 p. Compte-rendu de Helen McCarthy.
  • Marko Attila Hoare, Genocide and Resistance in Hitler’s Bosnia: The Partisans and Chetniks, 1941-1943, British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship Monograph, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, 386 p.  Compte-rendu de Jonathan E. Gumz.
  • Alastair Noble, Nazi Rule and the Soviet Offensive in Eastern Germany, 1944- 1945: The Darkest Hour, Brighton, Sussex, and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2009, p. 382 p. Compte-rendu de Alexander Hill.
  • Dagmar Barnouw, Germany 1945: Views of War and Violence, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2008, 255 p. Compte-rendu de Paul Steege.
  • David B. Woolner, Warren F. Kimball, and David Reynolds (eds), FDR’s World: War, Peace, and Legacies, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, 254 p. Compte-rendu de Curt Cardwell.
  • Michel Fleming, Communism, Nationalism and Ethnicity in Poland, 1944-1950, London, BASEES/Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies, 2009, 177 p. Compte-rendu de A.J. Prażmowska.
  • Mary Heimann, Czechoslovakia: The State that Failed, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009, 406 p. Compte-rendu de Melissa Feinberg.
  • John Hiden and Martyn Housden, Neighbours or Enemies? Germans, the Baltic and beyond, Amsterdam / New York, NY: Rodopi, 2008, 154 p.  Compte-rendu de Kari Alenius.
  • Tilo Schabert, How World Politics is Made: France and the Reunification of Germany, Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2009, 401 p.  (Translated by John Tyler Tuttle, edited and abridged by Barry Cooper).  Compte-rendu de Ronald J. Granieri.
  • Lawrence A. Yates, The US Military Intervention in Panama: Origins, Planning, and Crisis Management June 1987-December 1989, Washington, DC: Center of Military History, United States Army, 2008, 330 p.  Compte-rendu de Thomas L. Pearcy.
  • Huberta von Voss (ed.), Portraits of Hope. Armenians in the Contemporary World, New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2007, 340 p. Compte-rendu de Gerard Libaridian.

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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