Les Américains à Paris dans les années 1950-1960

Élisa Capdevila soutiendra sa thèse de doctorat (IEP de Paris) sur le sujet suivant :

Les Américains à Paris dans les années 1950-1960

Le 5 décembre 2012 à 9h30

Lieu : Sciences Po Paris, salle François Goguel, 56 rue des Saints-Pères, 75007 Paris

Jury : Éric de Chassey, Yvan Combeau, Jean-François Sirinelli (directeur de recherche), Tyler Stovall, Ludovic Tournès

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Transnational and International Perspectives on Peace Movements, Diplomacy, and the Law, 1975‒2012

Confronting U.S. Power after the Vietnam War: Transnational and International Perspectives on Peace Movements, Diplomacy, and the Law, 1975‒2012

5-6 October 2012, Sheffield

Deadline: 1 May 2012

 

Keynote Speaker: Tariq Ali

The University of Sheffield’s Centre for Peace History, in partnership with the Peace History Society, invite panel and paper proposals for a conference on opposition to United States foreign policy in the years since the end of the Vietnam War. At a time when the United States remains engaged in wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and with the « unending » war on terror as a backdrop, this conference aims to bring together historians and scholars from other disciplines to discuss the range of political, legal, social, and cultural mobilizations that have challenged U.S. foreign policy since 1975. Although scholars have been writing about the varieties of antiwar activism during the Vietnam War for decades now, opposition to American wars, combat and non-combat interventions, covert operations, and other foreign policies such as sanctions have received, by comparison, and with a few notable exceptions, much less attention. This conference, therefore, aims to shine a light on opposition to as many of these policies as possible.

Historians working from a variety of methodological perspectives are currently crafting new narratives and analyses of interstate relations as well as of transnational forces, nonstate actors—including human rights activists and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) of all kinds—and their impact on the modern world. We envision a conference where historians of anti-imperialist and anti-war activism grapple directly with the multiple and overlapping dimensions of analysis embodied in transnational history, and also confront transnational and international histories with the political and ethical challenges that peace history and anti-imperialist perspectives create. We invite rigorous dialogue between historians of dissidence against U.S. imperial power and scholars of international relations and transnationalism in general. We are interested in, among other things, the different ways in which the U.S. state and citizen mobilizations have interacted—in patterns including, but not limited to, collision, confrontation, and (perhaps ironic) congruence.

Among the specific historical questions participants in this conference should seek to answer are these: What difference did the end of the Vietnam War, and the end of the Cold War, make in patterns of anti-imperialist and peace activism? Does the quarter-century after 1975 merely form part of a continuous history of U.S. empire and its characteristic opposition (internal and external)? Or did the struggle between U.S. power and its principled opponents take on a new shape, either following the U.S. defeat in Southeast Asia or following the implosion of the Soviet Union?

Finally, as White House and Department of Justice lawyers have in recent years justified policies of preemptive war, extraordinary rendition, indefinite detention, and ‘enhanced interrogation techniques,’ diplomats and lawyers from around the world have challenged those interpretations. We invite papers that explore the history of these diplomatic and legal contests, and their relationship to human rights activists, transnationally and otherwise. In what ways have legal and diplomatic challenges been successful or unsuccessful? To what degree have international institutions such as the United Nations facilitated these challenges? How strong are transnational links between human rights lawyers? What have been the obstacles to influencing and/or changing US policy in wartime?

Possible topics could include opposition to particular events and policies:

  • « Second Cold War » policies, including the arms race
  • U.S. military intervention in the Middle East, the Caribbean, and the Balkans
  • Sponsoring combatants in Nicaragua, El Salvador
  • The « Drug War » in Central and South America
  • Invasions of Grenada, Panama
  • Anti-CIA organizing
  • Anti-Apartheid divestment
  • The First Iraq War (aka the Persian Gulf War)
  • UN/U.S. sanctions against Iraq in the 1990s
  • The War on Terror
  • The Second Iraq War
  • The Afghan War
  • U.S. policies on torture and detention
  • U.S. economic policy (exploiting markets, foreign labor, etc. – though find another way to say this)

Types of opposition could include:

  • Grassroots mobilizations
  • Diplomatic opposition
  • Legal challenges
  • Journalistic exposes
  • Whistleblowing
  • Espionage

We plan to publish a selection of papers from the conference in a special issue of Peace & Change: A Journal of Peace Research (see http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0149-0508 for more information).

The Peace History Society has generously contributed funds that will be used to defray travel costs for some presenters (particularly graduate students and untenured junior faculty). Please indicate your interest in applying for some of this type of funding when you submit your paper or panel proposal.

Please send paper and panel proposals, along with a 1 page CV for each presenter, directly to the conference organizers, Michael S. Foley and Doug Rossinow, at their email addresses below. Paper abstracts should be no more than 500 words; panel proposals will bundle together paper abstracts and include an additional 200 word rationale for the panel. The deadline for submissions is 1 May 2012.

Contact: m.foley@sheffield.ac.uk and Doug.Rossinow@metrostate.edu

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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L’archipel des Açores entre Seconde Guerre mondiale et Guerre froide (1942-1948)

Alexandre Moreli Rocha soutiendra sa thèse de doctorat (Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) sur le sujet suivant :

 

Alliances équivoques et rivalités anglo-américaines au cœur de l’Atlantique. L’archipel des Açores entre Seconde Guerre mondiale et Guerre froide (1942-1948)

Vendredi 9 mars 2012 – 9h30

Lieu : Salle Jean-Baptiste Duroselle – Sorbonne (1 Rue Victor Cousin, 75005 Paris)

Jury :

  • Robert FRANK, Professeur à l’Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne, directeur de thèse
  • Denis ROLLAND, Professeur à l’Université de Strasbourg
  • Nicolas VAICBOURDT, Maître de conférences à l’Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne
  • Fernando ROSAS, Professeur à l’Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Portugal)
  • Piers LUDLOW, Professeur à la London School of Economics and Political Science (Grande-Bretagne)

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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John Foster Dulles Secrétaire d’État, Cold Warrior et père de l’Europe

DAVID, François, John Foster Dulles Secrétaire d’État, Cold Warrior et père de l’Europe, Paris, PUPS, novembre 2011, 592 p. Préface de Georges-Henri Soutou

 

Présentation de l’ouvrage :

John Foster Dulles (1888-1959) est un personnage clé de la montée en puissance des États-Unis au XXe siècle. Ce diplomate, avocat d’affaires le mieux payé du monde, dirigeant des Églises protestantes, petit-fils et neveu de secrétaires d’État, frère d’un directeur de la CIA, intervient au cœur des réseaux qui transforment les États-Unis en une superpuissance volontariste et extravertie. Théoricien et praticien de l’idéalisme wilsonien, Foster Dulles participe aux premières réussites transatlantiques, mais aussi aux grandes déchirures américano-européennes. Après avoir rédigé l’article 231 du traité de Versailles («responsabilité» de l’Allemagne dans l’entrée en guerre), il forge, trente ans plus tard, la grande réconciliation entre l’Allemagne et l’Occident, en ancrant la RFA d’Adenauer au sein de l’Occident libéral. Apôtre par excellence de «l’indépendance dans l’interdépendance», Foster Dulles veut répudier la souveraineté des États nations pour mieux promouvoir le fédéralisme intégral sur le Vieux Continent. Chantre de la «destinée manifeste» et du messianisme américain, le secrétaire d’État du président Eisenhower, de 1953 à sa mort en 1959, n’a pas seulement coalisé l’Occident aux pires heures de la guerre froide; père de l’Europe, il a aussi posé, avec son ami Jean Monnet, les fondements idéologiques de l’actuelle Union européenne.

Cet ouvrage bénéficie du soutien et du prix de l’Association des anciens pensionnaires et amis de la Fondation Thiers (prix 2007).

Les auteurs :

Ancien élève de l’École normale supérieure (Ulm) et ancien pensionnaire de la Fondation Thiers (Institut de France–CNRS), François David est agrégé d’histoire et maître de conférences en science politique à l’université Jean Moulin (Lyon III), au Centre lyonnais d’études de sécurité internationale et de défense (CLESID).

Georges-Henri Soutou est membre de l’Académie des Sciences morales et politiques et Professeur émérite à l’Université Paris-Sorbonne (Paris-IV). Membre de la Commission des archives diplomatiques auprès du Ministère des Affaires étrangères, il siège au conseil de rédaction de diverses revues, dont Relations internationales et la Revue historique des Armées; il est co-directeur de la Revue d’histoire diplomatique.

Il travaille sur les relations internationales au XXe siècle, en particulier sur la Première guerre mondiale, les rapports franco-allemands et les relations Est-Ouest après 1945. Il a publié notamment L’Or et le Sang. Les buts de guerre économiques de la Première guerre mondiale, Fayard, 1989; L’Alliance incertaine. Les rapports politico-stratégiques franco-allemands, 1954-1996, Fayard, 1996; La Guerre de Cinquante Ans. Les relations Est-Ouest 1943-1990, Paris, Fayard, 2001; L’Europe de 1815 à nos jours, PUF, 2007.

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Washington et l’eurocommunisme en France et en Italie

Frédéric Heurtebize soutiendra sa thèse de doctorat (Université de Paris 3) sur le sujet suivant:

L’attitude de Washington face à l’eurocommunisme en France et en Italie, 1974-1981

le 25 novembre 2011 à 14h00, devant un jury composé des professeurs  André Kaspi (Paris 1), Marc Lazar (Sciences Po Paris), Pierre Mélandri  (Paris 3), Serge Ricard (Paris 3) et Isabelle Vagnoux (Aix-Marseille 1).

Lieu : Salle de réunion – Centre Bièvre, 4e étage – 1, rue Censier – 75005 Paris

La soutenance est publique.

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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États-Unis-URSS : révélations inédites des archives

États-Unis-URSS : révélations inédites des archives internationales

28 novembre 2011, 19h00

Paris

 

Dans le cadre de La semaine des livres et des libraires organisée par la Mairie du 6e arrondissement de Paris, du 26 novembre au 3 décembre 2011, les Presses de l’université Paris-Sorbonne organisent un débat intitulé «États-Unis-URSS : révélatons inédites des archives internationales».

En présence de Georges-Henri SOUTOU, membre de l’Institut, professeur émérite d’Histoire contemporaine et de François DAVID, maître de conférences en science politique (Université Jean Moulin-Lyon III).

Modérateur : Sébastien Porte, éditeur (PUPS).

Contact : pups@paris-sorbonne.fr

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Brzezinski et la politique étrangère américaine

Justin Vaïsse soutiendra sa thèse d’habilitation (histoire)  le lundi 5 décembre 2011 (14h00) sur le sujet suivant :

De Harvard à la Maison-Blanche. Zbigniew Brzezinski et l’ascension des universitaires dans l’establishment de politique étrangère américaine pendant la guerre froide

 

Jury : Antoine Coppolani, Mario del Pero, Denis Lacorne, Pierre Mélandri (directeur de recherche), Vincent Michelot, Marc Trachtenberg

Lieu : Sciences Po, salle de réunion (3e étage), 199 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75007 Paris

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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New Outlooks on the Marshall Plan

FAURI, Francesca, et TEDESCHI, Paolo (dir.), New Outlooks on the Marshall Plan American Aid and European Re-Industrialization, Brussels, Peter Lang, 2011, 200 p.

 

This book brings together a selection of original and predominantly archive-based studies on the local-level impact of the Marshall Plan, both on the industrial structure of a set of European countries and on American firms themselves. The book’s uniqueness lies in the originality of the contributions, in many cases stemming from recently concluded long-term research projects. While historians have concentrated on analyzing the macro-economic effects of American economic aid, its impact on Western European industry has been largely neglected. This volume will fill this gap in Marshall Plan studies. Though the Marshall Plan did not change local development paths, and in fact probably could not have done so in regions such as Ireland or Southern Italy, it offered an opportunity for industrial renewal in regions and countries with a solid and longestablished industrial base, such as Northern Italy and France.

Contents:

Vera Zamagni: Introduction. A New Approach to Industry in Europe – Bernadette Whelan: Ireland, Industry and the Marshall Plan – Francesca Fauri: The Marshall Plan in Italy. Industrial Renewal and Material Reconstruction – Paolo Tedeschi: Notes on the Marshall Plan in Lombardy. Technological Innovation and Vocational Training – Luigi Trezzi: SMEs in the Marshall Plan. Loans and Counterpart Funds – Valerio Varini: Technology and Productivity. The Impact of the Marshall Plan on Italian Industry: an Empirical Study – Dominique Barjot/Emmanuel Dreyfus: The Impact of the Marshall Plan on French Industries – Jacqueline McGlade: The Marshall Plan Realized? American Aims and European Re-Industrialization.

Authors:

Francesca Fauri is an assistant professor in the Faculty of Political Sciences at the University of Bologna at Forlì, where she teaches contemporary European economic history. She has extensively published on economic and business history issues. Her research interests and publications focus on the impact of the Marshall Plan in Italy, Italian industrial policies during the 1950s, and the economic history of European integration.

Paolo Tedeschi is an assistant professor at the University of Milan-Bicocca where he teaches economic history and European integration history.  He is also chargé de cours visiteur at the Université catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve where he teaches economic history. His recent research topics and publications focus on the economic history of European integration, the economic history of Lombardy since the eighteenth century, the history of Lombard business organizations, and trade unions and friendly societies.

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Europe’s role in an entangled history of the Atlantic World

More Atlantic Crossings? Europe’s role in an entangled history of the Atlantic World, 1950s-1970s

7-9 June 2012, Washington

Deadline: 1 December 2011

 

Fifteen years ago Daniel Rodgers’ Atlantic Crossings marked a milestone in the transnational history of the twentieth century Atlantic world. It not only put the American Progressive Era within a broader Atlantic framework, but also highlighted a myriad of transnational exchanges and networks among professionals, civil society organizations, policy-makers and intellectuals during the first half of the twentieth century. The study, however, ends during the 1940s, as the increase in U.S. power fundamentally altered the dynamics of transatlantic relations.

This workshop will explore the degree to which we can still trace these reciprocal « Atlantic Crossings » into the postwar decades. In what ways and areas, specifically, did Europeans and European social, economic, and cultural models continue to shape transatlantic debates despite the seemingly overwhelming role played by the United States?

We are interested in taking stock of ongoing research on transnational transatlantic exchanges since the middle of the twentieth century. In a recent essay on the field of transnational history, Ian Tyrell singled out the postwar decades as a period in order to illustrate the impact of asymmetrical power relationships on transnational exchange processes. To him and many others, the era was one of unidirectional transatlantic flows and of « Americanization ». Despite such imbalances, Americans did not cease to look to Europe after World War II in search of alternative solutions, inspirations or challenges. Postwar development was in many areas more entangled than linear narratives of Americanization suggest. While the social question dominated the Atlantic Crossings of the early part of the twentieth century, issues of social modernization and mass consumer affluence were of special significance in the decades under consideration here. These were, to be sure, trademark issues of the « American century », but at the same time, they were subject to competing visions of modernity.

The impact of European impulses on the American social landscape has not yet received systematic consideration from historians of the postwar period. As Americans recognized the limitations of the American Dream, what elements of European social policy did they consider? As the death of the American city became an issue of debate, how did American perspectives on European cities change? While Europeans were discussing the « American challenge », how did American society react to the increasing global competitiveness of European economies? As American commercial culture became ubiquitous, did European notions of culture and style disappear completely from the transatlantic scene? In many areas, European social or economic models failed to gain traction and cases of outright imports are far and few between. Still, such exchanges should be considered a vital element of the entangled history of the postwar Atlantic world, complementing our increasingly refined understanding of European reflections about and adaptations of American models.

This workshop will focus on concrete exchanges and actors; and it will investigate the relative importance of transatlantic networks of policy makers and professionals, of civil society organizations and of business managers, artists, intellectuals, and cultural entrepreneurs. Their world was often one that transcended binary oppositions between Europe and America. It was, however, also shaped by larger dynamics of the era – most importantly Cold War divisions, perceptions of crisis during the 1970s, and a new era of globalization. Thus, understanding the entangled history of the postwar Atlantic world also means considering its place within a broader global framework.

To explore postwar American perspectives on Europe, as well as the degree of and limitations to postwar « Transatlantic Crossings », we are soliciting submissions from historians and scholars in related fields working on post World-War II transatlantic exchanges in (among others) the following areas:

  • Public policy
  • Social movements (environmentalism, feminism, peace movement) and ideology
  • Urban planning and architecture
  • Management studies, labor relations and human resources
  • Science and technology
  • Arts and popular culture
  • Gender and the family
  • Transatlantic networks and elite migrants

Please send a paper title, a 500 word abstract, and a CV to Jan Logemann (logemann@ghi-dc.org) by December 1, 2011. Expenses for travel (economy class) and accommodation will be covered, though you may defray organizing costs by soliciting funds from your home institution.

Conveners: Jan Logemann (GHI), Mary Nolan (NYU), Daniel Rodgers (Princeton)

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Journal of Transatlantic Studies (9/3, automne 2011)

Journal of Transatlantic Studies, vol. 9, no. 3, automne 2011

 

Annick Cizel et Christian Nuenlist : Préface

Articles :

  • Marc Trachtenberg, «France and NATO, 1949–1991», p. 184-194
  • Hector Mackenzie, «France, the North Atlantic Triangle and negotiation of the North Atlantic Treaty, 1948–1949: a Canadian perspective», p.  195-206
  • Jenny Raflik, «The Fourth Republic and NATO, 1946–1958: alliance partnership or idiosyncratic nationalism?», p. 207-219
  • Christian Nuenlist, «Dealing with the devil: NATO and Gaullist France, 1958–66», p. 220-231
  • Garret Martin, «The 1967 withdrawal from NATO – a cornerstone of de Gaulle’s grand strategy?», p. 232-243
  • Frédéric Heurtebize, «The Union of the Left in France, 1971–1981: a threat to NATO? The view from Washington», p. 244-256
  • Charles Cogan, «Mitterrand, France, and NATO: the European transition», p. 257-267

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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