Russian-East European Relations: From Tsarism to Gazprom

Irish Association for Russian, Central and East European Studies Annual Conference 2012 « Russian-East European Relations: From Tsarism to Gazprom »

Cork, 4-5 May 2012

Deadline: 29 February 2012

 

Abstracts for papers are requested on the subject of Russian relations with Eastern Europe for the annual IARCEES Conference to be held at University College Cork, May 4-5, 2012.

The purpose of this conference is to explore the relations between Russia/Soviet Union and its neighbouring countries in Eastern Europe. We welcome papers on a broad range of topics.

Our guest speaker will be Dr. Peter Duncan, Senior Lecturer in Contemporary Russian Politics and Society at UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies.

The 20th Century was a time of particularly turbulent relations between Russia and its Eastern European neighbours. Issues such as the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn show that political and historical differences, such as over interpretation of the events of the Second World War, persist. Increasingly the issue of Russia’s relations with her ‘near abroad’ has come under scrutiny as the Russian Government increasingly regulates its relations with the region through oil and gas contracts.

We envisage, but by no means limit, the range of possible topics to:

  • The effects of nationalism in both the Russian and East European context
  • Military and cultural relations during periods of both tension and stability
  • The role of Russian and East European intelligentsia
  • Inter-dependence, past and present
  • Prospects for future relations

We welcome proposals from those working across disciplines, and we welcome especially proposals from Russian and Eastern European participants. Panels are especially welcomed.

Conference papers can be published online in Irish Slavonic Studies (see website: http://www.iarcees.org)

Abstracts of papers (no more than 250 words) should be submitted by email to iarcees2012@gmail.com no later than February 29, 2012.

Contact: iarcees2012@gmail.com

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Relations internationales (2011/3)

Relations internationales, no. 147, été 2011. Dossier «Politiques étrangères de l’URSS et des démocraties populaires depuis 1945 – I»

 

Antoine Marès et Marie-Pierre Rey : «Introduction», p. 3-5

Jean-François Fayet : «Le 9 mai contre le 7 novembre : concurrence commémorative et nouvelle légitimité internationale de l’URSS», p. 7-18

Mikhail Lipkin : «Avril 1952, la conférence économique de Moscou : changement de tactique ou innovation dans la politique extérieure stalinienne?», p. 19-33

Sabine Dullin : «Des frontières s’ouvrent et se ferment. La mise en place d’un espace socialiste derrière le rideau de fer, 1953-1970», p.  35-48

Pauline Gallinari : «Une offensive cinématographique soviétique en France? Les enjeux du retour du cinéma soviétique sur les écrans français dans l’après-guerre», p. 49-58

Andreï Kozovoï : «Défier Hollywood : la diplomatie culturelle et le cinéma-l’ère Brejnev», p. 59-71

Marie-Pierre Rey : «L’Europe occidentale dans la politique extérieure soviétique de Brejnev à Gorbatchev, évolution ou révolution?», p. 73-84

André Liebich : «Les promesses faites à Gorbatchev : l’avenir des alliances au crépuscule de la guerre froide», p. 85-96

Irène Herrmann : «Quand Berne aidait Moscou. Conception et perception de l’aide humanitaire suisse lors de l’effondrement de l’Union soviétique», p. 97-107

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Espaces et territoires dans le monde russe et slave

Espaces et territoires dans le monde russe et slave : sens, construction, démarcation

17-18 mai 2012, Université de Montréal

Date limite : 15 janvier 2012

 

Fixés ou en devenir, les espaces peuvent être décrits comme des représentations à valeur parfois individuelle ou, le plus souvent, collective. Aussi faudrait-il penser les espaces dans leurs ancrages notamment culturels, sociaux, ethniques, religieux, linguistiques ou idéologiques. Quant aux territoires, ils renverraient à des réalités physiques, à savoir, essentiellement géographiques. Entre espaces et territoires, cependant, la conjonction n’est pas forcément naturelle et harmonieuse. Celle-ci suppose la confrontation d’intérêts divergents, des processus d’affirmation, des tensions d’ordre géopolitique et politique, des négociations, des alliances ou, au contraire, des réactions de repli.

À l’occasion de cette seconde édition du colloque annuel du Réseau québécois d’études slaves (RQES), nous vous invitons à une réflexion pluridisciplinaire interrogeant ces notions d’espace et de territoire dans le contexte spécifique de la Russie comme dans celui du monde slave dans son ensemble.

Parmi les axes de réflexion possibles, mentionnons :

  • Signification des espaces et territoires
  • Mécanismes généraux ou historiquement déterminés derrière ces concepts
  • Création, formation, construction mentale ou matérielle des frontières
  • Dépassement, perméabilité, mobilité ou transgression de ces mêmes frontières
  • Zones d’exclusion/d’inclusion
  • Vécus de l’exil, de l’expatriation
  • Réponses culturelles à l’idée spatiale et territoriale
  • Stratégies militaires et présences armées
  • Discours politiques ou idéologiques du sol
  • Ruptures et continuités dans l’environnement
  • Représentations artistiques et littéraires
  • Exploration des notions d’espace et de territoire par le biais du texte, de l’image et/ou du son
  • Espaces et territoires imaginaires
  • Topographies et cartographies du monde slave

Le colloque est ouvert aux chercheurs du Québec et d’ailleurs. Les propositions de communication, en français ou en anglais (300 mots environ) sont à envoyer avant le 15 janvier 2012 à l’adresse suivante : qnss.rqes@gmail.com

Site Web : http://rqes.wordpress.com/

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L’Ostpolitik vaticane de Mgr Augustin Casaroli (1965-1975)

Marco LAVOPA soutiendra sa thèse de doctorat (Université de Cergy-Pontoise) sur le sujet suivant :

La diplomatie des «petits pas». L’Ostpolitik vaticane de Mgr Augustin Casaroli (1965-1975)

Le vendredi 25 novembre 2011 à 10h00.

Lieu : salle des thèses, Université de Cergy-Pontoise, site des chênes, 33 boulevard du port, 95011 Cergy-Pontoise

Composition du jury:

  • Gérard BOSSUAT, Université de Cergy-Pontoise, Directeur de thèse
  • Elena CALANDRI, Université de Padoue, Rapporteur
  • Antoine MARèS, Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne – département Histoire, Rapporteur
  • Jean-Dominique DURAND, Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 – Faculté des lettres et Civilisations, Examinateur

 
Résumé :

L’étude «La diplomatie des `petits pas’. L’Ostpolitik vaticane de Mgr Augustin Casaroli (1965-1975)» cherche, à travers l’histoire de l’œuvre du prélat Placentin, Augustin Casaroli de 1965 à 1975, à circonscrire les raisons historiques qui ont mené le Saint-Siège (sous la direction de Paul VI) à entreprendre des négociations avec les États socialistes de l’Europe orientale et à choisir une «politique du dialogue».  Casaroli est le représentant d’une diplomatie vaticane qui se trouve au centre de la scène européenne et internationale pendant ces années (1965-1975), tant au niveau bilatéral que multilatéral (avec la participation de Mgr Casaroli lui-même – comme délégué du Saint-Siège – à la Conférence d’Helsinki de 1975).  Les manuscrits des «Archives Casaroli» utilisés pour la réalisation du travail de thèse mettent en évidence des aspects peu connus de l’œuvre du prélat Placentin. C’est une représentation des faits très importante car elle met en relief toute la force de l’Ostpolitik vaticane et la persévérance du négociateur Casaroli au cours des contacts avec les représentants de l’Église locale et des gouvernements des États socialistes au-delà du rideau de fer. À la lecture du travail, on peut mesurer le grand mérite du négociateur du Saint-Siège en tant qu’exécutant matériel de la /politique du dialogue’ du pape Paul VI pendant la période postconciliaire entre 1965 et 1975: sauvegarder, grâce à un dur travail de médiation, en parcourant un chemin long et tortueux et dans les limites du possible, les intérêts de l’Église catholique et apporter sa contribution à la construction de la maison commune européenne.

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Parti et société en RDA et en Tchécoslovaquie

Michel Christian soutiendra sa thèse de doctorat (Université de Genève, Suisse) sur le sujet suivant :

«Parti et société en RDA et en Tchécoslovaquie: une histoire sociale et comparée des partis communistes au pouvoir du début des années 1950 à la fin des années 1970»

Le 25 novembre 2011 à 14h15

Lieu : Université de Genève, Aile Jura, 2e étage, Uni Bastions

Entrée libre à tout public intéressé

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Central and Eastern European Media under Dictatorial Rule and in the Early Cold War

MERTELSMANN, Olaf (dir.), Central and Eastern European Media under Dictatorial Rule and in the Early Cold War, Bruxelles, Peter Lang, 2011, 233 p.


Presentation:

This volume presents case studies of media under socialist and fascist dictatorial regimes covering the period from the 1930s till the early Cold War. The regional focus is on Central and Eastern Europe. Fourteen authors from nine countries – among them historians, social scientists and media specialists – explore this interesting chapter in European media history. Media in dictatorships should construct an ‘image of the enemy’, transfer the propaganda of the regime, compete with alternative sources of information such as foreign radio broadcasting, deliver information, mobilise the population and, last but not least, entertain the audience. How media was controlled and how efficient this control was, were both important issues in this context.

Contents: Olaf Mertelsmann: Introduction – Chloé Stephenson: Fascist Interest in Soviet Cinema – Judith Devlin: A Case Study in Censorship: Stalin’s Early Film Image – Inge Marszolek: Exploring NS-Propaganda as Social Practice – Olaf Mertelsmann: Trophy Films and Western Radio Broadcasting as a Window to the World in Post-war Estonia – Roland Graf: Writing for a Political Minority, Gaining the Majority of Readers: the ‘Red Boulevard’ in Austria 1945-1959 – Marietta Stankova: The Media and the Onset of the Cold War in Bulgaria 1944-1947 – Peter Gross: «The Tip of the Lance»: Scinteia and the Establishment of Communism in Romania – Dorina Orzac: Romanian Mass Media in 1945-1950 – Jane Leftwich Curry: The Conundrums of Censorship: Poland in the 1940s and 1950s – Jürgen Wilke: Press Instructions as a Device of Media Control in the German Democratic Republic – Sirje Olesk: Writers’ Collaboration with the Soviet Authorities, and the Dominant Literary Journal in the Estonian SSR in the 1940s and 1950s – Andrej Skolkay: When Innocent Words were Sharp Swords: The Intellectual and Literary Press in the Early Years of Communism in Slovakia – Pavlína Binková: Black and White? – The Beginnings of Czechoslovak Television News Broadcasting – Indrek Treufeldt: Creating a New Communication Environment: The Birth of Television News in Soviet Estonia.

Olaf Mertelsmann is Associate Professor in Contemporary History at the University of Tartu (Estonia). He holds a doctorate from the University of Hamburg and has taught in Hamburg, Novosibirsk, and Tartu. He has published various monographs, edited volumes and articles.

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Intelligence Services in Central Europe during the Cold War

Intelligence Services in Central Europe during the Cold War
Budapest
3 November 2011
Deadline for registration: 31 October 2011

 

During the Cold War, eastern and western secret services collided in Central Europe. Especially Austria was – above all as a result of its four-power occupation until 1955 – a hub for international espionage. It became a stamping ground for the secret and intelligence services of the Cold War protagonists, but also for services from neighbouring countries. Information on the other side was collected here, agents recruited and hostile activities exposed. The direct and indirect procurement of information quickly gained in strategic and political importance. Some Austrians, but also Hungarian emigrants, who had been recruited by, for example, the American military counterintelligence service CIC, were brought before Soviet military tribunals and received draconian sentences, even including death by shooting.

In the framework of this international conference, historians from Austria, Hungary, Denmark, Italy and the Czech Republic analyse the role and function of the intelligence services in Central Europe during the Cold War. Particular focus is placed here on Austria and the neighbouring states of Hungary and Czechoslovakia as well as on cooperation between Hungarian and Romanian state security services. Finally, the question will be pursued as to how agents and spies were recruited, and which consequences economic and scientific espionage had.

9.00 – Registration

9.15 – Welcome notes

  • Dir. Dr. Elisabeth Kornfeind, Austrian Cultural Forum Budapest
  • Doz. Dr. Barbara Stelzl-Marx, L. B. Institute for Research on War Consequences

9.30 – Introduction

Chair: Barbara Stelzl-Marx, L. B. Institute for Research on War Consequences

  • Thomas Wegener-Friis, University of Southern Denmark: Why European Intelligence Studies?
  • Siegfried Beer, University of Graz: Anglo-American Intelligence Services as Vanguard in Post-war Austria

10.30-11.00 – Coffee break

11.00-12.30 – Panel I: Hungary-related Intelligence Operations in Austria Chair: Siegfried Beer, University of Graz

  • Erwin Schmidl, Austrian National Defense Academy, Institute for Strategy and Security Policy: Contemporary History: Hot border in the Cold War: Secret Activities in Austria and Hungary
  • Magdolna Baráth, Historical Archives of Hungarian State Security: The activity of the Hungarian Intelligence Services on the territory of Austria 1944-1956
  • László Ritter, Institute of History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences: The Hungary-related operations of the US Army’s Counter Intelligence Corps in Austria 1945-1958
  • Barbara Stelzl-Marx, L. B. Institute for Research on War Consequences: Shot Dead in Moscow: Hungarian Spies in Austria

Discussion

12.30-14.00 – Lunch

14.00-15.30 – Panel II: Central European Intelligence Services

Chair: Thomas Wegener-Friis, University of Southern Denmark

  • Philipp Lesiak, L. B. Institute for Research on War Consequences: Targets and interests of the Czechoslovak Intelligence Services in Austria 1945-1989
  • Katerina Lozoviukova, L. B. Institute for Research on War Consequences: Czechoslovak agents/couriers crossing the Austrian border: « Weapons » of the Cold War?
  • Stefano Bottoni, Institute of History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences: Hungarian-Romanian state security cooperation and (later, from the early 1960s) conflicts

Discussion

15.30-16.00 – Coffee break

16.00-18.00 – Panel III: Recruitment and Industrial Espionage

Chair: László Ritter, Institute of History of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

  • Harald Knoll, L. B. Institute for Research on War Consequences: The Broda Case: Austrian Scientists in the Focus of Foreign Intelligence Servies
  • Dieter Bacher, L. B. Institute for Research on War Consequences: The Recruitment of Austrian Citizens by Foreign Intelligence Services in Austria 1945-1953
  • Walter M. Iber, L. B. Institute for Research on War Consequences: Industrial Espionage. Western Powers and Soviet Companies in Austria 1945-1955
  • Peter Ruggenthaler, L. B. Institute for Research on War Consequences: The Soviet Military Intelligence GRU in Austria during the Occupation Era

Final Discussion

Contact:

Orsolya Nemeshazi (orsolya.nemeshazi@bmeia.gv.at)
Austrian Cultural Forum Budapest, Benczúr u. 16, 1068 Budapest
00361 413 3590

Sponsors: Austrian Cultural Forum Budapest; Danish Cultural Institute Budapest; Ludwig Boltzmann-Institut für Kriegsfolgen-Forschung; EUNIC

Venue: Budapest, Hungary, Austrian Cultural Forum Budapest, Benczúr u.
16, 1068 Budapest

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Regional identities under dictatorship and democracy in East Central Europe

« Region – State – Europe. Regional identities under dictatorship and democracy in East Central Europe »

18-20 April 2012, Berlin

Deadline: 30 November 2011

European Network Remembrance and Solidarity, Warsaw; in cooperation with Federal Institute for Culture and History of Germans in Eastern Europe, Oldenburg; German Association for East European Studies, Berlin; Johann Gottfried Herder Research Council, Marburg; Nation´s Memory Institute, Bratislava

The conference will focus on particular cultural and historical factors for the formation of identities and on the current identity discourses with their regional codes since 1945. For an analysis it seems to be appropriate to compare regions still present in memory as well as suppressed ones and nowadays rediscovered historical regions such as Galicia, Prussia, Silesia, Zips, Transylvania and Banat. The demarcation of borders and the divisions that these regions experienced in the 20th century stimulate a transnationally orientated view on differing national historical narratives.

The conference is divided into three parts according to subjects and chronology.

1. Deconstruction of regions – political and social structural fracturing

The regions in East Central Europe have experienced major changes as a result of World War II. New borders, new political and social systems and above all the loss of ethnic variety caused by the Holocaust as well as by differently motivated migration and translocation of certain groups of population affected radically the lives of individuals and societies.

Questions here included are: Which strategies for the political reorganization of regions did the communist rulers pursue? How have these interventions « from above » affected historical areas and their populations? What were the social relations between people of different backgrounds? How did integration and assimilation of the newcomers, their adaptation to the new environment and to the geographical, climatic, social and cultural characteristics of a region proceed?

2. Continuities and discontinuities – mobility and regional awareness

The forced process of industrialization and structural changes in agriculture were connected with dynamic social changes and migration from rural areas to cities. Especially in the socialist states of East Central Europe regional differences and particularities were steadily or more or less explicitly pushed into the background, regional awareness was undermined and even suppressed by the centralized state. Yet, historically grown regional awareness continued to exist and could develop socio-political pressure in the late socialist societies.

In this context the following questions are of vital interest: Did the communist authorities tolerate, maintain or promote regional cultural traditions? What was the scope of self-determined action for the local ruling elites? To what extent did migration from rural areas to cities, social changes and the atheistic state doctrine affect religious and traditional customs (loyalty versus disloyalty to the ruling authorities)? How did regional identities develop in cities in comparison to rural regions? What kind of relevant connecting factors did a stable peasant culture offer to the preservation of regional cultural heritage?

3. Renaissance or construction of regional awareness?

Inspite of political pressure the regions of Eastern Europe have preserved various elements of their historically grown identity, new elements have been added, old identities redefined after 1989. More than twenty years after the peaceful revolution it is interesting to see how regional awareness has been shaped over the last two decades, especially that of the younger generation.

How significant are remembrance and maintenance of the culture and history (including that of the Germans), early multi-ethnicity and other elements in the different regions of Eastern Europe? Have former conflicts been revitalized, e.g. by regional autonomy efforts? Which features of identity are remembered, which are suppressed? What role does the material cultural heritage play for shaping identities in the region? What is the significance of historico-cultural locational factors in the competition among the regions (e.g. the annual choice of the European capital of culture and its visibility)?

Speaking time shall not exceed 20 minutes. Conference languages are English and German.

Please send us an abstract (approx. 2400 characters) of your (unpublished) exposé and a short CV until 30th November 2011.

A publication of the papers is planned.

Please send your proposals by email to: Dr. Gabriele Freitag (freitag@dgo-online.org) and Dr. Burkhard Olschowsky (Burkhard.Olschowsky@enrs.eu)

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Les pays d’Europe orientale et la Méditerranée, 1967-1989

De Moscou à Madrid, du Caire à Berlin-Est. Les pays d’Europe orientale et la Méditerranée. Relations et regards croisés, 1967- 1989 / From Moscow to Madrid, from Cairo to Berlin : The Eastern European countries and the Mediterranean. Relations and crossed perspectives, 1967-1989.

24-25 novembre 2011, Paris

Date limite : 13 juillet 2011

 

Colloque international co-organisé par l’association Richie, l’UMR IRICE, l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne et l’Université Paris 3 Sorbonne Nouvelle

 

Les années 1960 inaugurent une ère nouvelle tant dans l’histoire de l’Europe que dans celle de la Méditerranée : d’une part la détente s’installe durablement pour faire suite aux crises de Berlin et de Cuba, d’autre part la fin du processus de décolonisation en Afrique du Nord donne naissance à de nouveaux États souverains qui apparaissent rapidement comme des alliés potentiels pour les deux Grands. C’est également au cours de cette décennie que le conflit israélo-arabe reprend de la vigueur avec la guerre des Six Jours en 1967. L’ensemble de ces facteurs conduit à faire du bassin méditerranéen un centre d’intérêt majeur des relations internationales durant les deux dernières décennies de la guerre froide. Mais si l’attention portée par les Occidentaux, Américains comme Européens de l’Ouest, à l’égard de l’espace méditerranéen a fait l’objet d’études approfondies depuis les années 1990, la proportion des travaux reste plus faible pour ce qui est des liens entre le bloc de l’Est et les pays riverains de la Méditerranée.

Cette journée d’étude se propose de faire le point sur les perspectives de recherche relatives à ce thème. La périodisation proposée s’étend de 1967 à 1989 et prend en compte les seules relations politiques, diplomatiques et économiques entre l’Est de l’Europe et la Méditerranée, que ce soit de manière bilatérale ou multilatérale. Il s’agit de voir quelle place les États d’Europe orientale – l’ensemble des membres du pacte de Varsovie ainsi que la Yougoslavie – et l’Union soviétique accordent aux territoires méditerranéens au sein de leur politique étrangère, tant en matière diplomatique qu’économique, dans un contexte marqué par la détente puis par le retour des tensions Est-Ouest. Il importe de ne pas privilégier une analyse en sens unique et, de ce fait, il est essentiel d’étudier la perception que les pays méditerranéens – européens, proche-orientaux, nord-africains – se font du bloc de l’Est et de ceux qui le composent.

Nous proposons ci-dessous une liste non exhaustive de thèmes qui pourraient être abordés :

  • les relations de l’URSS et de ses alliés avec le monde arabe et Israël ;
  • le poids du conflit israélo-arabe dans les rapports Est-Ouest ;
  • l’impact de la crise énergétique vu de l’Est ;
  • l’enjeu que représente la fin des dictatures ibériques aux yeux du mouvement communiste international ;
  • les politiques de détente de la France et de l’Italie à l’égard des pays d’Europe orientale ;
  • les Années de plomb italiennes vues de l’Est ;
  • la place de la Yougoslavie dans le bassin méditerranéen et dans le monde communiste durant la dernière décennie du pouvoir titiste puis après la mort du maréchal Tito ;
  • la question chypriote vue de l’Est ;
  • l’Afrique du Nord, entre sympathies socialistes et non-alignement ;
  • le rôle de la Communauté européenne à la fois en Méditerranée et dans les relations Est-Ouest ;
  • le rapprochement de la Libyeavec l’Union soviétique, en corollaire avec le développement des liens avec les États africains « marxistes » ;
  • la question de la neutralité maltaise ;
  • la réception en Méditerranée de la fin de la guerre froide.

 

Les chercheurs intéressés doivent envoyer un résumé de leur communication (500 mots maximum) incluant (le titre de la contribution, la mention des sources envisagées ainsi qu’un court curriculum vitae) avant le 13 juillet 2011 aux membres du comité d’organisation, Nicolas Badalassi (nicolas.badalassi@univ-paris3.fr) et Houda Ben Hamouda (houdabh31@yahoo.fr).

Langues de travail : français et anglais

Le comité scientifique, pré́sidé́ par Robert Frank (Université́ Paris 1) et composé de Frédéric Bozo (Université́ Paris III), Antonio Varsori (Université de Padoue), Elisabeth du Réau (Université Paris III), Jean-Robert Henry (IREMAM, Aix-en-Provence), Eric Bussière (Université Paris IV), Georges Corm (Université Saint- Joseph à Beyrouth), Fritz Taubert (Université de Bourgogne), établira un programme définitif sur la base de ces propositions dans le courant du mois de septembre 2011. Une publication des actes du colloque est prévue.

Call for papers

The 1960s inaugurated a new period both in European and in Mediterranean history : On the one hand détente was firmly established in the aftermath of the Berlin and Cuban Missile crises. On the other hand, the end of the decolonisation process in Northern Africa gave birth to new sovereign states which rapidly appeared to be potential allies for the two superpowers. It was in this same decade that the Six Day War, in 1967, revived the Arab-Israeli conflict. These factors collectively gave significance to the Mediterranean area in international relations as a centre of major interests during the last two decades of the Cold War. The Western attention to this region, from the United States and from Western Europe, has been subject of thorough research since the 1990s. But the relations between the Eastern bloc and the Mediterranean countries (Europe, Near East, Northern Africa) have received far less attention. This workshop aims at taking stock of the research perspectives in this field.

The workshop focuses on the place of the Mediterranean countries in the foreign politics of the USSR and the Eastern European countries (member states of the Warsaw Pact and Yugoslavia) within the context of détente and subsequent increased tensions. It comprises foreign relations of political, diplomatic and economic nature only between Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean area, both at bilateral and multilateral level. The period of research stretches from 1967 to 1989. One of the essential aspects of the conference is the focus on both foreign politics of the two areas without privileging a one-way analysis. Research on the Mediterranean perception of the Eastern bloc and its members is thus greatly encouraged.

Themes to be discussed might include, but are not limited to :

  • The relations of the USSR and its allies with the Arab world and Israel.
  • The weight of the Arab-Israeli conflict in the East-West relations.
  • The impact of the energy crisis – The stakes of the end of the Iberian dictatorships in the eyes of the international communist movement.
  • The politics of détente of France and Italy towards the Eastern European countries – The place of Yugoslavia in the Mediterranean and in the communist world during the last decade of the Tito era and after his death.
  • The Cyprus problem and the significance for the member states of the Warsaw pact.
  • Northern Africa, between socialist sympathies and non-alignment.
  • The role of the European Community in Mediterranean and East West relations. – The Mediterranean and the end of the Cold War
  • The approach of Libya to the USSR as a corollary to the development of a relationship with the « marxist » African states
  • The problem of the Maltese neutrality and the associated relations with the Eastern European countries and the USSR.

 

Interested researchers are kindly requested to send a summary of their paper, include : the title of the paper, a summary of its content (no more than 1,500 characters), including the indication of the main archival sources (if any) of the contribution, and a brief vita before 13 July 2011 to the members of the steering committee, Nicolas Baladassi and Houda Ben Hamouda. (nicolas.badalassi@univ-paris3.fr and houdabh31@yahoo.fr .)

The working languages of the conference are English and French The scientific committee, chaired by Robert Frank (Paris 1 university), and composed of Frederick Bozo (Paris III university), Antonio Varsori (University of Padoue), Elizabeth du Réau (Paris III university), Jean-Robert Henry (IREMAM, Aix-en-Provence), Eric Bussière (Paris IV university) George Corm (Saint Joseph university in Beirut),), Fritz Taubert (University of Burgundy) will establish a final program on the basis of these proposals in the course of the month of September, 2011. A publication of the acts of symposium is envisaged.

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Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Sovietisation and Planning in the Film Industries of Soviet Bloc Countries

Appel à contributions pour un ouvrage collectif

Sovietisation and Planning in the Film Industries of Soviet Bloc Countries. A Comparative Perspective on East Germany and Czechoslovakia, 1945-1960

Date limite de réponse : 31 juillet 2011

 

The communist regimes established in Central- and East European countries after WWII attempted to develop a film culture that should follow the model (and instructions) implemented by the Soviet Union.  This process could be considered as arguably « new » and foreign with regard to the pre-existing indigenous cinematic traditions. However ineffective the attempt proved to be in many aspects, there is no doubt that a specific mode of film production, distribution and exhibition was established – a system which was highly specific in many of its features. Despite the fact that the efforts to implement norms, values, approaches and traditions on a massive scale hit a large part of Europe and affected hundreds of millions of people, our knowledge of the « socialist cinema culture » is surprisingly weak.

In our books « Leinwand zwischen Tauwetter und Frost. Der osteuropäische Spiel- und Dokumentarfilm im Kalten Krieg » (The Screen between Thaw and Frost: East European Cinema during the Cold War; ed. Lars Karl, Berlin: Metropol 2007) and « Naplánovaná kinematografie. Ceský filmový prumysl 1945-1960 » (Planned Cinema. The Czech Film Industry, 1945-1960; ed.  Pavel Skopal, Prague: Academia, will be published in 2012), we launched some explorations in this direction. The fact that research on the history of film industry in the GDR is by far the most advanced of the post-communist countries, and that significant historical work was done in the Czech Republic as well, offers a unique opportunity for a comparison. To take the inevitable next step for a more complex understanding of film culture(s) in communist countries, we invite interested researchers to adopt a « trans-national », « inter-bloc » and comparative perspective to the topic and to answer the following questions:

  • Which new norms and values were implemented to the process of filmmaking?
  • What was the personal, structural, or value continuity concerning the war and pre-war tradition?
  • How did the party apparatus try to shape the film industry and what were the main aims of the cultural policy?
  • What kinds of distribution and exhibition quotas were applied and what were their sources and goals?
  • How was the process of « cinefication » organized, and what was the ideological and economic role of permanent and travelling cinemas?
  • What was the political, economic, ideological role of festivals and festivities on the international, national, or local level?
  • What kind of alternative distribution circuits and tools existed, how were these tools ideologically supported and evaluated?
  • What forms of censorship were applied  to film production and distribution?
  • What kinds of plans were applied to the film industry and how did its institutions react to the different temporalities of the state plan on one side, and of film production, economic values, technological datedness etc. on the other side?

We expect to segment the book into the following sections:

I. General Historical, Institutional and Political Background
II. Film Production
III. Film Distribution and Exhibition

Each of the individual topics should be covered by corresponding studies on the situation in GDR, and in the Czech part of former Czechoslovakia, respectively. The common focus of the papers would be the process of Sovietisation (and/or « self-sovietisation ») of the respective film industries and film cultures, and the role of planning which was supposed to shape the film industry in all its aspects. This focus limits the time range to the years of the Stalinisation, the « Thaw », and the conservative shift in the cultural policy at the end of the 1950s.  The processes around an adaption of the Soviet model, as well as the implementation of the system of central planning, influenced the film industries of both countries on the organisational, infrastructural, and personal level and prescribed which values, norms, or practices should prevail. Research on the similarities and differences in these structuring demands could bring insights both into the way they were applied under different conditions and, above all, into particular reactions, caused mainly by specific national traditions and social milieu(s).

In the given context, we welcome papers on the following topics:

  1. Cultural policy
  2. Nationalisation and Soviet administration of film industry
  3. Production culture in the film studios of DEFA and Barrandov
  4. Short-film production
  5. Film production for children
  6. Co-productions
  7. The system of distribution
  8. Film festivals
  9. Film acting and stardom
  10. Cinema and/in television

 

The studies will be published in English in an edited book. Proposals of 400-500 words and a brief biographical statement should be provided in English. Please send proposals as email attachments to both skopal@phil.muni.cz and lars.karl@uni-leipzig.de until July 31, 2011.

Project leaders: Dr. Lars Karl, Centre for the History and Culture of East Central Europe (GWZO), Leipzig; Dr. Pavel Skopal, Department of Film Studies and Audiovisual Culture, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University, Brno

Contact : Dr. Lars Karl (lars.karl@uni-leipzig.de)

GWZO -Geisteswissenschaftliches Zentrum Geschichte und Kultur
Ostmitteleuropas an der Universität Leipzig
Reichsstraße 4-6
D-04109 Leipzig
Tel. + 49 (0)341-97 355 94
Fax. + 49 (0)341-97 355 69

Homepage: http://www.uni-leipzig.de/gwzo/

guerre-froide

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