L’archipel des Açores entre Seconde Guerre mondiale et Guerre froide (1942-1948)

Alexandre Moreli Rocha soutiendra sa thèse de doctorat (Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) sur le sujet suivant :

 

Alliances équivoques et rivalités anglo-américaines au cœur de l’Atlantique. L’archipel des Açores entre Seconde Guerre mondiale et Guerre froide (1942-1948)

Vendredi 9 mars 2012 – 9h30

Lieu : Salle Jean-Baptiste Duroselle – Sorbonne (1 Rue Victor Cousin, 75005 Paris)

Jury :

  • Robert FRANK, Professeur à l’Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne, directeur de thèse
  • Denis ROLLAND, Professeur à l’Université de Strasbourg
  • Nicolas VAICBOURDT, Maître de conférences à l’Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne
  • Fernando ROSAS, Professeur à l’Universidade Nova de Lisboa (Portugal)
  • Piers LUDLOW, Professeur à la London School of Economics and Political Science (Grande-Bretagne)

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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L’affaire Soames et les arcanes de la diplomatie britannique

SANDERSON, Claire, Perfide Albion? L’affaire Soames et les arcanes de la diplomatie britannique, Paris, Publications de la Sorbonne, 2012, 293 p.

 


L’affaire dite «Soames», qualifiée d’un des plus grands scandales de l’histoire de la diplomatie britannique, se déroule en février 1969, alors que les relations Paris-Londres sont au plus bas depuis la fin de la guerre.

Une conversation confidentielle entre le président Charles de Gaulle et l’ambassadeur britannique à Paris, Christopher Soames, débouche sur une crise diplomatique si grave qu’elle s’étend à l’ensemble du continent européen. Immédiatement détourné par les Britanniques, le contenu de la conversation est révélé à Bonn et communiqué à Washington, afin de nuire aux relations franco-allemandes et de protéger la relation anglo-américaine.

Le déroulement des événements est orchestré non pas par l’ambassadeur Soames, bouc émissaire de l’affaire, mais par le Foreign Office, dont certains hauts fonctionnaires mettent à l’épreuve le fonctionnement traditionnel du service diplomatique de Sa Majesté. À Paris, Michel Debré évoque la «perfide Albion» et, à la veille du départ du Général de Gaulle, la situation semble dans l’impasse : la Grande-Bretagne est discréditée aux yeux de ses partenaires européens, et les relations Paris-Londres semblent plus compromises que jamais.

À partir d’archives britanniques, françaises, allemandes et américaines, ainsi que de témoignages d’acteurs et d’observateurs de l’époque, l’auteur présente une interprétation originale d’une affaire souvent délaissée par l’historiographie, mais non sans conséquences sur les relations diplomatiques franco-britanniques dans le contexte de la construction européenne.

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Diverging Paths? Conservatism in Britain and West Germany from the 1960s to the 1980s

Diverging Paths? Conservatism in Britain and West Germany from the 1960s to the 1980s

London

26-28 January 2012

 

Venue: London, German Historical Institute London, 17 Bloomsbury Square, London WC1A 2NJ

Historians agree that the decades from the 1960s to the 1980s were marked by fundamental change which profoundly challenged Conservative worldviews and self-understandings all over the ‘West’. At the same time Conservatives were active players in influencing the direction taken by economic, social, political and cultural change. In the 1980s, both in Britain and in the Federal Republic of Germany, Conservative led governments dominated the decade politically. Whereas ‘Thatcherism’ shaped the country in Britain, in West Germany the post-war model of social market economy continued to provide the rationale of CDU/CSU policies. So far, research has accentuated these diverging paths, emphasizing the impact of neo-liberal thought in Britain. However, there is a surprising lack of broader historical and comparative studies, and now a new interest in Conservatism in this period is beginning to flourish in both countries. Informed by an analytical understanding of ‘conservatism’, the workshop will bring together this new research and open up comparative perspectives, both to sharpen national specifics and to test the prevailing interpretation by focusing on entanglements, interactions, and similar patterns of developm -ent.

The workshop is open to historians, political scientists etc. working in the field; please contact Martina Steber if you are interested in attending.

 

Thursday, 26 January

2pm – Welcome and Introduction

2.30-7pm – Panel I: Parties

Chair: Peter Catterall (London)

  • Daniel Schmidt (Münster): Turn Left or Turn Right? Political Strategies of the Oppositional CDU 1969-1982
  • Silke Mende (Tübingen): Green Conservatism? The Formation of the West-German Green Party in the 1970s – Conservative Networks and Ideas
  • Patrick Deinzer (Berlin): Conservative Parties in the 1970s: Crises, Conflict and Change. A Comparison between the CDU and the Conservative Party
  • Neil Fleming (Worcester): The Monday Club: Diehard Conservatism and British National Renewal
  • Robert Saunders (Oxford): Thatcherism and the 1970s

 

 

Friday, 27 January

 

 

 

9am-1pm – Panel II: Political Languages of Conservatism

Chair: Martin Geyer (Munich)

  • Ben Jackson (Oxford): The Making of Thatcherism: British Conservatism and British Neo-Liberalism
  • Peter Hoeres (Gießen): « Wende »-Metaphorics in the Seventieths and Eighties
  • Matthew Francis (Nottingham): Property-Owning Democracies? Visions of Ownership in German and British Conservatism
  • Achim Saupe (Potsdam): ‘Law and order’ – a conservative buzzword? The Political Languages of ‘Order’ and ‘Security’ in Britain and West Germany (1960-1990)
  • Martina Steber (London): Fighting over ‘industrial relations’ – Conservative concepts, semantic nets, and German-British transfers

 

 

 

2-6pm – Panel III: Political Cultures of Conservatism

Chair: Frank Bösch (Potsdam)

  • Thomas Großbölting (Münster): Conservatism and Religion in West Germany [title tbc]
  • Matthew Grimley (Oxford): Conservatism and Anti-Permissiveness in 1970s Britain
  • Peter Itzen (Freiburg): Changing Allegiances: The Church of England and the Political Establishment in Modern Britain (1950-1970)
  • Lawrence Black (Durham): Tories & Hunters: Swinton College and the Landscapes of Modern Conservatism
  • Emily Robinson (Nottingham): Whigs and Tories: Conservative Attitudes to History and Heritage in the 1980s

 

Saturday, 28 January

9am-1pm – Panel IV: Conservatism and 1968

Chair: Richard Vinen (London)

  • Anna von der Goltz (Washington): Turning Right in the Wake of 1968? Conservative Mobilisation at German Universities
  • Nikolai Wehrs (Potsdam): The Professors’ Movement. Conservative scholars’ responses to ‘1968’ in West Germany
  • Till van Rahden (Montréal): Families beyond Patriarchy: Visions of Gender Equality and Child Rearing among German Catholics in an Age of Revolution
  • Camilla Schofield (Norwich): Powellism and Thatcherism: 1968 and the Nation under Siege
  • Simon Ball (Glasgow): The End of the Pre-War Generation: The British Conservatives and 1968

1-1.30pm – Final Discussion

Contact:

Dr. Martina Steber
German Historical Institute London, 17 Bloomsbury Square, London WC1A
2NJ
0044 207 309 2015

msteber@ghil.ac.uk

Homepage: http://www.ghil.ac.uk/events_and_conferences/conferences_and_workshops/2012/diverging_paths.html

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Writing Post-1970 History

Writing Post-1970 History: Conceptualizing the Late Twentieth Century in German and American Historiography

Munich

23-25 June 2011


The economic crisis and global reorganization of the 1970s triggered major structural changes in every modern society, including Germany and the United States. Contemporary observers saw the decade as marking a major break in modern history. Historians and their historically-grounded peers in the social sciences have been searching since for analytical language and narratives adequate to understanding the new character of modern societies after the post-war boom. Though the historical trends were deeply intertwined, however, the central conceptual frames that emerged in German and American historiography are in many ways significantly different. The purpose of this workshop is to bring together German and American historians of the recent past in an exchange over the conceptual, analytical, and narrative frames for post-1970 history. Its aim is to encourage a discussion between intellectual communities that, in analyzing the most recent period in the history of modern industrial nations, have often been conceptually distant from one another.

The workshop will focus on the last third of the 20th century as a period in which understandings of modern society were substantially reconfigured. It will consider and compare crisis points and periodization, including the category of a « post-1970 » historical period itself, and it will focus on central trends in both national historiographies, comparing their starting points and conceptions, their overlap and their divergences. German and American historical treatments of the epoch after the post-war boom proceed from many common starting points. Both historiographies stress the wide-reaching changes in the post-1970 global economy and a « return of the market » to national politics. Both stress categories such as crisis, uncertainty, and security. Diagnoses of increasing social pluralization and individualization join both historiographies. Both tend to universalize social trends, seeing the reconfigurations of the post-1970 period as harbingers of a new « post-industrial » or « post-modern » social formation.

Yet there are also striking differences. In the American case, social pluralization plays a leading role in post-1970 history in emphasizing the history of social minorities, the growth of a multicultural society, and the break-down of political and moral consensus. In the German case, concepts of social structure, and social-theoretical categories in general, play a much stronger role. Both historiographies are strongly marked, but in different ways, by developments in the present. In Germany the ongoing debate over the future of the Sozialstaat stands at the center of present-oriented historiography. To some extent, the same is true in the U.S. case through the story of the rise of the political right and neoconservatism. While emphasis on growing social and political polarization, leading to the so-called « culture wars, » forms a central thread in contemporary U.S. historiography, patterned as a history of conflict, this model is largely absent in contemporary German historiography. It is this mix of common and divergent threads that the workshop aims to explore. The proceedings are expected to be published in a collected volume of essays on conceptualizing post-1970 history in Germany and the U.S.

Thursday, June 23

 

14:00-15:00 – Welcome reception and introduction

15:00-19:00 – Panel 1: The Impact of the Global on Post-1970s Society and History

  • David Engerman (Brandeis University): The Parochialism of Global Power: American Historians and American Globalism from Bemis to Bender
  • Ariane Leendertz (LMU München): Discovering Social « Complexity » in the 1970s and 1980s
  • James Sparrow (University of Chicago): Against the State: The New Left, the New Right, and the Problem of Legitimate Government Power in the Late Cold War

 

Friday, June 24

 

9:15-13:00 – Panel 2: Values in Transition

  • Sarah Igo (Vanderbilt University): Postmodern Privacy: Information, Identity and Intimacy in a Post-Watergate, Post-Database Age
  • Uwe Schimank (Universität Bremen): Excessive and Endangered Individualism: German and American Views in Comparison
  • Christopher Neumaier (Universität Mainz): Value Change: A New Paradigm of Social Sciences beyond Differentiation and Individualization?

14:30-19:00 –

  • Bethany Moreton (University of Georgia): Family Values and Market Values, or What is Milton Friedman Doing in Bed with Jerry Falwell?
  • Andreas Wirsching (Institut für Zeitgeschichte, München): Gender, Work, and the De-Standardization of the Life Course, ca.  1970-2000

 

Panel 3: After the Boom: Economies and Crises

  • Wencke Meteling (Universität Marburg): The Debate about the German Economy, 1980s to the Present
  • Ralph Jessen (Universität Köln): From Success to Failure? How Solutions from the Post-War Era Became Obstacles of the Post-Boom Era. Comparative Considerations about West- and East-Germany after 1970
  • Alice O’Connor (University of California Santa Barbara): Narrating the ‘Great Recession’: Economic Crisis and the Politics of Late 20th-Century Economic Reform

 

Saturday, June 25

 

9:15-13:00 – Panel 4: Modernity and Social Theory

  • Howard Brick (University of Michigan): From Modernization to World/Global Analysis
  • Martin Geyer (LMU München): Security, Risks, and Narratives of Modernity in Germany since the 1970s
  • Daniel Rodgers (Princeton University): Post-1970 Wrap Up and discussion

Contact: Dr. Ariane Leendertz, Amerika-Institut, LMU München, Schellingstr. 3/VG, 80799 München (a.leendertz@lrz.uni-muenchen.de)

Organizers: Prof. Daniel T. Rodgers, Princeton University; Dr. Ariane Leendertz, LMU München; German Historical Institute (GHI), Washington, D.C.; Center for Advanced Studies (CAS), LMU München

Venue: München, Center for Advanced Studies (CAS), Seestr. 13, 80802 München

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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British Foreign Policy in sub-Saharan Africa since 1957

British Foreign Policy in sub-Saharan Africa since 1957

25 mars 2011

Paris

Lieu : Université Paris Diderot, Institut Charles V, 10 rue Charles V, 75004 Paris, salle A50

9h00-9h45: Keynote Speech, Philip Murphy (University of London, Institute of Commonwealth Studies) : «’Unstable and volatile’: British perceptions of African nationalist leaders during the era of decolonization»

9h45-11h15 – Retreating from Empire: strategies, outcomes and international consequences

Chair: Mélanie Torrent, Université Paris Diderot, LARCA

  • Virginie Roiron (Institut d’Études Politiques, Strasbourg) : «L’impact de la crise rhodésienne sur les relations entre la Grande-Bretagne et les Etats africains du Commonwealth
  • Jérémy Chilin (Université Paris Diderot) : «La métropole britannique et l’indépendance mauricienne dans les années 1960: une liberté concédée à tâtons avec réticence et inquiétude»
  • Michael Fowler (Center for Emerging National Security Affairs) : «Success & failure of British decolonization policy in sub-Saharan Africa»

Coffee/Tea Break

11h30-13h00 – Nigeria in focus: power and influence since the eve of independence

Chair: Jean-Luc Martineau, INALCO (HSTM) – SEDET

  • Olakunle Lawal (University of Ibadan) : «Britain, Decolonization and the Construction of Nigerian Foreign Policy on the Eve of the Transfer of Power, 1958-1960»
  • Gary Blank (London School of Economics) : «Britain, Biafra and the Balance of Payments: The Economic Basis for London’s Policy during the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970)»
  • Odile Bomba Nkolo (University of Cardiff) : «French and British policies towards Cameroon and Nigeria: Towards empowerment or the Exertion of Influence by Other Means?»

Lunch Break

14h30-16h00 – Britain, Africa and multilateralism: beyond imperial divides?

Chair: Virginie Roiron, Institut d’Etudes Politiques, Strasbourg

  • Audrey Bonnery (London School of Economics) : «Diplomacy and Speeches in 1957: la politique étrangère britannique à l’égard de l’Afrique francophone à l’heure du Traité de Rome»
  • Marguerite Guyon de Chemilly (Université Paris 1-Panthéon Sorbonne) : «De la tutelle au partenariat : regards croisés sur le Ghana et la Côte d’Ivoire au tournant des années 1960»
  • Guia Migani (Université de Louvain la Neuve) : «La Grande Bretagne, la naissance du groupe ACP et les négociations pour la Convention de Lomé»

Coffee/Tea Break

16h20-17h15 – Conflicts in non-Commonwealth Africa: British responses in perspective

Chair: Michael Parsons, Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour

  • Pedro Aires Oliveira (University of Lisbon) : «The United Kingdom and the independence of Angola and Mozambique, 1974-1976»
  • Dean White (University of Northumbria) : «The Rwandan Crisis of 1994: A Comparison of the British and American Responses»

17h15-18h00 – Assessing current policies and future strategies

Tony Chafer (University of Portsmouth) and Gordon Cumming (University of Cardiff) : «Anglo-French Cooperation: Facing New Challenges in Africa»

Drinks

This conference is organised as part of the research activities of LARCA (Laboratoire de Recherche sur les Cultures Anglophones) at the Université Paris Diderot. It also has the support of IFRA (Institut Français de Recherche en Afrique) Nigeria, Taylor & Francis, publishers of The Round Table, The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, and the Crecib (Centre de Recherches et d’Etudes en Civilisation Britannique).

Contact: melanie.torrent@univ-paris-diderot.fr

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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