La France entre Guerre froide et intégration européenne 1975-1985

«La France entre Guerre froide et intégration européenne 1975-1985 : la deuxième moitié des années 1970»
20-21 janvier 2011
Munich

Colloque organisé par le groupe de travail IHA-RICHIE, en coopération avec l’Association Internationale d’Histoire Contemporaine de l’Europe (AIHCE) à l’Institut für Zeitgeschichte de Munich.

JEUDI 20 JANVIER 2011

14h00-15h30 – Accueil par le directeur de l’IfZ, Horst Möller

Conférence inaugurale. Antoine Fleury (Université de Genève) : «La France d’outre-mer : atout et hypothèque dans la guerre froide»

16h00-17h00 – Réseaux et acteurs

Présidence: John Keiger (Université de Salford)

Discutant : Jean-François Fayet (Université de Genève)

  • Matthieu Osmont (Université d’Artois / Sciences-Po Paris) : «Les diplomates français à la croisée des questions de guerre froide et de coopération européenne»
  • Valentine Lomellini (Université de Padoue) : «Le double tournant : le PCF entre la fin de l’eurocommunisme e la fin de l’union de la gauche»

17h00-18h00 – Logiques transatlantiques

Présidence: Franz Knipping (Université de Wuppertal

Discutante : Bruna Bagnato (Université de Florence

  • Jenny Raflik (Université de Cergy-Pontoise) : «La France et l’OTAN sous Valéry Giscard d’Estaing»
  • David Burigana (Université de Padoue) : «La France et l’innovation technologique, l’histoire d’une politique étrangère? Réflexion et action entre dialogue compétitif transatlantique, nouveaux cadres communautaires et perspectives mondialisées»

VENDREDI 21 JANVIER 2011

9h00-10h00 – Les rapports Est-Ouest

Présidence : Evgenia Obitchkina (MGIMO-Université de Moscou

Discutant : Veronika Heyde (Institut für Zeitgeschichte München-Berlin

  • Angela Romano (Institut universitaire européen, Florence) : «Favoriser le progrès de la détente. La France, les Neuf et la réunion CSCE à Belgrade»
  • Christian Wenkel (Institut historique allemand de Paris) : «L’Ostpolitik française et la détente bilatérale»

10h00-11h00 – Les rapports Nord-Sud

Présidence : Maurice Vaïsse (Sciences Po Paris)

Discutant : Chantal Metzger (Université de Nancy 2)

  • Guia Migani (Université Louvain-la-Neuve/Université de Padoue) : «L’aide au développement européenne et les rapports Nord-Sud : la CEE à la recherche d’un nouveau rôle»
  • Verena Sattler (Institut für Zeitgeschichte München-Berlin) : «Valéry Giscard d’Estaing et le dialogue euro-arabe»

11h30-13h00 – Questions économiques

Présidence : Sylvain Schirmann (Université de Strasbourg)

Discutant : Jean-François Eck (Université Charles de Gaulle, Lille)

  • Marloes Beers (Université de Cergy-Pontoise) : «À la recherche d’une réponse européenne à la proposition soviétique d’une conférence pan-européenne sur l’énergie: la position française»
  • Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol (London School of Economics) : «Un outil confiné à la diplomatie économique et monétaire? La France aux G7 et Conseils européens, 1975-1979»

Conclusions : Franz Knipping (Université de Wuppertal)

Lieu :
Institut für Zeitgeschichte
München-Berlin
Leonrodstr. 46b
80636 München
+49/(0)89/12688-0

Contact : Christian Wenkel (cwenkel@dhi-paris.fr)

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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The Balkans in the Cold War

« The Balkans in the Cold War »

Athènes, 27-29 mai 2011

Date limite : 3 janvier 2011

International Conference jointly organises by LSE IDEAS (Centre for International Affairs, Diplomacy and Strategy, London School of Economics and Political Science) and the Konstantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy (Athens, Greece).

The turbulent recent history and the expanding historiography on 20th century Balkans have prompted us to organise an international conference that will study the region in the context of the Cold War. The objective of the conference is to examine comprehensively political, economic, ideological and cultural affairs in the Balkans between the end of the Second World War and the end of the Cold War (1945-1990). We also wish to explore the interaction between the regional and inter-bloc dynamics within the structured Cold War system by looking at the impact the Cold War had on the Balkans and, in turn, the influence of regional affairs  on the  Cold War international system (e.g., the Greek Civil War, Yugoslavia’s conflict with the USSR, etc.). The deliberations at the conference are also expected to link the regional scholarship with the wider trends in the global scholarship of the Cold War and to the importance and role of archival collections in the region.

The LSE IDEAS Balkan International Affairs Programme and the Konstantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy are proud to invite you to submit a paper for the conference. To be considered, each prospective participant should submit a 500 words proposal and a brief (one page) academic CV (in Word or PDF format) to Miss Eirini Karamouzi at Ideas.Balkans@lse.ac.uk by 3 January 2011. Successful applicants will be informed by 1 February 2011 and will be expected to email their papers (between 6,000 and 8,000 words), in English to Miss Karamouzi by 15 April 2011.

Please note that presentations and discussion at the conference will be in English. Accepted papers will be presented in panels organised around a common theme and chaired by a prominent Cold War scholar. In addition to established scholars, we encourage submissions by graduate students working on the Balkans in the Cold War. Of particular interest are papers based on newly available primary sources.

Organisers will cover all expenses related to accommodation in Athens for the duration of the conference.

Renseignements : http://www2.lse.ac.uk/IDEAS/news/individualNews/101013-Athens.aspx

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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The Cambridge History of the Cold War

LEFFLER, Melwyn P., et WESTAD, Odd Arne (dir.), The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Londres : Cambridge, 2010, 1976 p. (3 volumes).

Volume 1, Origins

This volume examines the origins, causes and early years of the Cold War. Leading scholars show how the conflict evolved from the geopolitical, ideological, economic, and socio-political environment of the two world wars and the interwar period as well as examining how markets, ideas, and cultural interactions affected political discourse, diplomatic events, and strategic thinking. Chapters focus not only on the USA, the USSR, and Great Britain, but also on other critical regions such as Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and East Asia. They deal not only with the most influential statesmen of the era but also address the issues that mattered most to peoples around the globe: food, nutrition, and resource allocation; demography and consumption; ethnicity, race, and religion; science and technology; national autonomy, self-determination, and sovereignty. In so doing, the book illuminates how people worldwide shaped the evolution of the increasingly bipolar conflict, and, in turn, were ensnared by it.

  1. The Cold War and the international history of the twentieth century Odd Arne Westad;
  2. Ideology and the origins of the Cold War, 1917–1962 David C. Engerman;
  3. The world economy and the Cold War in the middle of the twentieth century Charles S. Maier;
  4. The emergence of an American grand strategy, 1945–1952 Melvyn P. Leffler;
  5. The Soviet Union and the world, 1944–1953 Vladimir O. Pechatnov;
  6. Britain and the Cold War, 1945–1955 Anne Deighton;
  7. The division of Germany, 1945–1949 Hans-Peter Schwarz;
  8. The Marshall Plan and the creation of the west William I. Hitchcock;
  9. The Sovietization of eastern Europe, 1944–1953 Norman Naimark;
  10. The Cold War in the Balkans, 1945–1956 Svetozar Rajak;
  11. The birth of the People’s Republic of China and the road to the Korean War Niu Jun;
  12. Japan, the United States, and the Cold War, 1945–1960 Sayuri Guthrie-Shimizu;
  13. The Korean War William Stueck;
  14. US national security policy from Eisenhower to Kennedy Robert J. McMahon;
  15. Soviet foreign policy, 1953–1962 Vojtech Mastny;
  16. East central Europe, 1953–1956 Csaba Békés;
  17. The Sino-Soviet Alliance and the Cold War in Asia, 1954–1962 Shu Guang Zhang;
  18. Nuclear weapons and the escalation of the Cold War, 1945–1962 David Holloway;
  19. Culture and the Cold War in Europe Jessica C. E. Gienow-Hecht;
  20. Cold War mobilization and domestic politics: the United States Laura McEnaney;
  21. Cold War mobilisation and domestic politics: the Soviet Union, 1945–62 David Priestland;
  22. Decolonization, the global south, and the Cold War, 1919–1962 Mark Philip Bradley;
  23. Oil, resources, and the Cold War, 1945–1962 David S. Painter.

Volume 2, Crisis and Detente

Volume Two of The Cambridge History of the Cold War examines the developments that made the Cold War into a long-lasting international system during the 1960s and 1970s. Leading scholars explain how the Cold War seemed to stabilize after the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 and how this sense of increased stability developed into the detente era of the early 1970s. They also outline how conflicts in the Third World, as well as the interests and ideologies of the superpowers, eroded the detente process. The volume delves into the social and economic histories of the conflict, processes of integration and disintegration, arms races, and the roles of intelligence, culture, and national identities. Discussing the newest findings on US and Soviet foreign policy, on key crises, on policies in and outside of Europe, and on alliances and negotiations, this authoritative volume will define Cold War studies for years to come.

  1. Grand strategies in the Cold War John Lewis Gaddis;
  2. Identity and the Cold War Robert Jervis;
  3. Economic aspects of the Cold War, 1962–1975 Richard N. Cooper;
  4. The Cuban Missile Crisis James G. Hershberg;
  5. Nuclear competition in an era of stalemate, 1963–1975 William Burr and David Alan Rosenberg;
  6. US foreign policy from Kennedy to Johnson Frank Costigliola;
  7. Soviet foreign policy, 1962–1975 Svetlana Savranskaya and William Taubman;
  8. France, ‘Gaullism’, and the Cold War Frédéric Bozo;
  9. European integration and the Cold War N. Piers Ludlow;
  10. Détente in Europe, 1962–1975 Jussi M. Hanhimäki;
  11. Eastern Europe: Stalinism to solidarity Anthony Kemp-Welch;
  12. The Cold War and the transformation of the Mediterranean, 1960–1975 Ennio Di Nolfo;
  13. The Cold War in the Third World, 1963–1975 Michael E. Latham;
  14. The Indochina Wars and the Cold War, 1945–1975 Fredrik Logevall;
  15. The Cold War in the Middle East: Suez crisis to Camp David Accords Douglas Little;
  16. Cuba and the Cold War, 1959–1980 Piero Gleijeses;
  17. The Sino-Soviet split Sergey Radchenko;
  18. Détente in the Nixon-Ford years, 1969–1976 Robert D. Schulzinger;
  19. Nuclear proliferation and non-proliferation during the Cold War Francis J. Gavin;
  20. Intelligence in the Cold War Christopher Andrew;
  21. Reading, viewing and tuning-in to the Cold War Nicholas J. Cull;
  22. Counter-cultures: the rebellions against the Cold War order, 1965–1975 Jeremi Suri;
  23. The structure of great power politics, 1963–1975 Marc Trachtenberg;
  24. The Cold War and the social and economic history of the twentieth century Wilfried Loth.

Volume 3, Endings

This volume examines the evolution of the Cold War from the Helsinki Conference of 1975 until the Soviet collapse in 1991. Leading scholars analyze the economic, social, cultural, religious, technological, and geopolitical factors that shaped the policies that ended the Cold War, looking at the personalities and policies of Carter and Reagan, Brezhnev and Gorbachev, Thatcher, Kohl, and Deng Xiaoping. They show how events throughout the world shaped the evolution of Soviet-American relations and also explore the legacies of the super-power confrontation in a comparative and trans-national perspective. Penetrating chapters examine how the Cold War affected and was affected by the environment, the global economy, consumer capitalism, human rights and non-governmental organizations. The authors also deal with demographic trends, capital flows, multilateral institutions, and geopolitical configurations. This is international history at its best: emphasizing social, intellectual, economic and geostrategic trends without losing focus on personalities, politics, and human agency.

  1. The Cold War and the intellectual history of the late twentieth century Jan-Werner Müller;
  2. The world economy and the Cold War, 1970–1990 Giovanni Arrighi;
  3. The rise and fall of Eurocommunism Silvio Pons;
  4. The Cold War and Jimmy Carter Nancy Mitchell;
  5. Soviet foreign policy from Détente to Gorbachev, 1975–1985 Vladislav M. Zubok;
  6. Islamism, the Iranian revolution, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan Amin Saikal;
  7. The collapse of superpower détente, 1975–1980 Olav Njølstad;
  8. Japan and the Cold War, 1960–1991 Michael Schaller;
  9. China and the Cold War after Mao Chen Jian;
  10. The Cold War in Central America, 1975–1991 John H. Coatsworth;
  11. The Cold War and Southern Africa, 1976–1990 Chris Saunders and Sue Onslow;
  12. The Gorbachev revolution and the end of the Cold War Archie Brown;
  13. US foreign policy under Reagan and Bush Beth A. Fischer;
  14. Western Europe and the end of the Cold War, 1979–1989 John W. Young;
  15. The East European revolutions of 1989 Jacques Lévesque;
  16. The unification of Germany, 1985–91 Helga Haftendorn;
  17. The collapse of the Soviet Union, 1990–91 Alex Pravda;
  18. Science, technology and the Cold War David Reynolds;
  19. Transnational organizations and the Cold War Matthew Evangelista;
  20. The Biosphere and the Cold War J. R. McNeill;
  21. The Cold War and human rights Rosemary Foot;
  22. The Cold War in the longue durée: global migration, public health, and population control Matthew Connelly;
  23. Consumer capitalism and the end of the Cold War Emily S. Rosenberg;
  24. An ‘Incredibly Swift Transition’: reflections on the end of the Cold War Adam Roberts;
  25. The restructuring of the international system after the Cold War G. John Ikenberry.

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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Le processus de la CSCE : politique internationale et transformations sociales (1975-1989/1990)

Der KSZE-Prozess: Internationale Politik und gesellschaftliche Transformation (1975-1989/90)

Munich, 21-23 octobre 2010

Diese Konferenz steht in Zusammenhang mit einem großen Forschungsprojekt unter dem Titel « Der KSZE-Prozess: Multilaterale Konferenzdiplomatie und ihre Folgen (1975 – 1989/90) », das das Institut für Zeitgeschichte demnächst abschließen wird. Das zusammen mit den Universitäten Paris IV-Sorbonne (Lehrstuhl Prof. Dr. Georges-Henri Soutou) und Erlangen-Nürnberg (Lehrstuhl Prof. Dr. Helmut Altrichter) durchgeführte Kooperationsprojekt untersucht die beiden Seiten des KSZE-Prozesses in den 1970er und 1980er Jahren: die multilaterale Konferenzdiplomatie, die den Prozess anstieß und verstetigte, sowie deren Folgen für die Gesellschaften in den osteuropäischen Staaten.

In Anbetracht der inzwischen relativ weit fortgeschrittenen Forschungen zu den Ursprüngen und Anfängen des KSZE-Prozesses konzentriert sich die Konferenz bewusst auf die in der zweiten Hälfte der 1970er Jahre und in den 1980er Jahren virulenten Prozesse. Sowohl im Hinblick auf die Diplomatie- und Politikgeschichte als auch im Hinblick auf die innerstaatlichen und innergesellschaftlichen Auswirkungen im Ostblock stehen daher die KSZE-Nachfolgekonferenzen von Belgrad und Madrid im Mittelpunkt des Interesses. Es geht zum einen um die nationalen Interessen der Supermächte und wichtiger westlicher, östlicher und neutraler Staaten im KSZE-Prozess und zum anderen um Wechselwirkungen von Politik- und Gesellschaftsgeschichte im Hinblick auf westliche Menschenrechtsgruppen und osteuropäische Gesellschaften.

Contact : Annette Wöhrmann, Institut für Zeitgeschichte, Leonrodstr. 46b, 80636 München (woehrmann@ifz-muenchen.de)

Programme détaillé : http://www.gsi.uni-muenchen.de/aktuelles/extern/kszw-prozess/index.html

guerre-froide

Le carnet de recherches «Autour du système de guerre froide» accompagne le séminaire du même nom organisé dans le cadre de l'UMR IRICE par Jenny Raflik et Émilia Robin Hivert.

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