Cuba et l’URSS

Latrèche, Leila, Cuba et L’URSS.  30 ans d’une relation improbable, Paris, L’Harmattan, juillet 2011, 302 p.

 

Présentation :

«Rien ne prédisposait l’URSS et Cuba à nouer une alliance étroite. On a souvent désigné Cuba comme un satellite de l’Union soviétique. Les relations entre les deux pays sont plus complexes que ce schéma de vassalisation : ils ont su concilier leurs intérêts respectifs. Cette relation unique n’a toutefois pas survécu au contexte qui avait favorisé sa naissance.»

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Relations internationales (no. 146, printemps 2011)

Relations internationales, no. 146, printemps 2011, dossier «Nouvelles recherches»

 

Antoine Marès : Introduction, p. 3-5

Articles :

  • Hussein D. Alkhazragi : Un petit prince à la SDN : la lutte du roi Hussein du Hedjaz pour l’indépendance des provinces arabes de l’Empire ottoman, p. 7-23
  • Sébastien Farré : De l’économie de guerre au secours philanthropique : care et les enjeux de l’aide américaine dans l’Europe de l’après-guerre, p. 25-41
  • Thierry Robin : Berliet, un constructeur automobile français face au marché chinois (années 1950-1960), p. 43-58
  • Pierre Grosser : La politique indochinoise de Pierre Mendès France après les accords de Genève, p. 59-75
  • Mounya Essemlali : Le Maroc entre la France et l’Algérie (1956-1962), p. 77-93
  • Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps : Revenir sur le mythe fondateur de Médecins sans frontières : les relations entre les médecins français et le CICR pendant la guerre du Biafra (1967-1970), p. 95-108
  • Katrin Rücker : Diplomatie européenne et relations internationales : la dimension internationale du premier élargissement de l’Union européenne, p. 109-124

 

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Intelligence and Politics. Western and Eastern Perspectives

Need to Know: Intelligence and Politics. Western and Eastern Perspectives

8-9 novembre 2011

Bruxelles

 

One of the side-effects of the collapse of the communist system in Central/Eastern Europe was that hitherto highly classified data on key aspects of intelligence operations in some Warsaw Pact countries became relatively easily accessible. These data concerned such fundamental issues as: the impact of intelligence information on political decisions; international intelligence networks; data circulation and processing; goals, methods, and forms of intelligence work; information sources and intelligence operations; and intelligence as an organization.

The main aim of the conference is to confront the experience of scholars from Central/Eastern Europe, who analyze such materials on a daily basis, with research methodologies developed in Western Europe and the United States.

The conference will focus on modern intelligence from the World War II to the War on Terror, however with a emphasis on the Cold War.

The conference, conceived as an event accompanying the Polish presidency in the European Union, is scheduled to take place at the South Denmark House and the European Parliament in Brussels on 8-9 November 2011. It is co-organized by: Paweł Zalewski, MEP (European People’s Party), Institute of National Remembrance – Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation i Center for Cold War Studies of the University of Southern Denmark.

English will be the language of the conference.

Due to security procedures at the European Parliament, those who wish to participate in the conference as auditors are requested to register (by 30 August 2011) by filling in the attached form (download form) and mailing it back to the organizers. Conference participation is free of charge.

For additional information and registration please contact: anna.piekarska@ipn.gov.pl

Tuesday, 8 November 2011

 

9.00-11.30 – Opening Session

  • Dr Władysław Bułhak (Poland) – New Vision of Intelligence during the Cold War – Eastern Perspective
  • Prof. Thomas Friis (Denmark) – Why European Intelligence Studies?
  • Dr Sławomir Łukasiewicz (Poland) – Spies in Brussels. Polish Communists intelligence in the European institutions during the Cold War period

12.30-13.30 – Lunch break

13.30-15.15 – Session II: HUMINT, part 1

Chair – Prof. Andrzej Paczkowski (Poland)

  • Prof. Idesbald Goddeeris (Belgium) – Belgian and Polish Secret Services during the Cold War
  • Prof. Mark Kramer (USA) – CIA Assessments of Warsaw Pact Capabilities and Intentions
  • Dr Helmut Müller-Enbergs (Germany) – How successful was the Stasi really in the West?
  • Dr Patryk Pleskot (Poland) – DIPLOMAT MEANS SPY. Intelligence activity of Western embassies in Warsaw in the view of the Polish counter-espionage service (1956-1989)

14.30-15.15 – Discussion

15.15-15.30 – Coffee break

15.30-16.45 – Session III: Terror

Chair – Dr Łukasz Kamiński (Poland)

  • Przemysław Gasztold-Seń (Poland) – Between Geopolitics and the National Security. Polish Civilian Intelligence and International Terrorism During the Cold War
  • Prof. Kostadin Grozev (Bulgaria) – Ideology and Pragmatism: NATO v.  Warsaw Pact Countries Approaches to Combating International Terrorism in the late Cold War Period (the case of Bulgaria)
  • Steve Hewitt (United Kingdom) – The Use of Informers by US Domestic Security Agencies and the Controversy Surrounding Them from the Cold War to the War on Terror

16.15-16.45 – Discussion

Wednesday, 9 November 2011

 

9.00-10.40 – Session IV: HUMINT, part 2

Chair – Prof. Erik Kulavig (Denmark)

  • Dieter Bacher (Austria) – The Recruitment of Austrian Citizens by Foreign Intelligence Services in Austria from 1945 to 1953
  • Prof. Kimmo Elo (Finland) – A Spider Spinning Its Web: The East German Foreign Intelligence in the Nordic Countries
  • Kurt Jensen, Don Munton (Canada) – International Intelligence Liaison: Canada and the Central Intelligence Agency in the Early Cold War Years
  • PhD Matej Medvecky (Slovakia) – Czechoslovak Foreign Intelligence Service and its activities in Great Britain in the first two decades of Cold War

10.00-10.40 – discussion

10.40-11.00 – Coffee break

 

11.00-12.45 – Session V: International Relations

Chair – Prof. Christian Ostermann (USA)

  • Prof. Jordan Baev (Bulgaria) – The Soviet Bloc Intelligence Information Exchange: Stages, Intensity, Framework, Reliability, and Effectiveness
  • Dr Douglas Selvage (Germany/USA) – Intelligence-Gathering and Active Measures: The East European Security Services and the CSCE Process, 1977-1983
  • Prof. Jacek Tebinka (Poland) – Intelligence Dimension in Anglo-Polish Relations 1945-1980/1981
  • Prof. Jakub Tyszkiewicz (Poland) – The Impact of Analyses prepared by American “Intelligence Community” on U.S. Policy toward Poland in 1956-1970

12.00-12.45 – discussion

12.45-14.00 – Lunch break

 

14.00-15.20 – Session VI: Decision-making, part 1

Chair – Sir Rodric Quentin Braithwaite (United Kingdom)

  • Prof. Nadia Boyadijeva (Bulgaria) – Intelligence Support of UN Peacekeeping Operations during the Cold War and After
  • Baptiste Colom-Y-Canals (France) – The Construction of the French Strategic Air Intelligence 1949-1972: Study on the evolution of a decision making tool
  • Dr Michael Goodman (United Kingdom) – The British Joint Intelligence Committee and the Prediction of International Crises

14.45-15.20 – Discussion

15.20-15.40 – Coffee break

 

15.40-17.30 – Session VII: Decision-making, part 2

Chair – Dr Krzysztof Persak (Poland)

  • Dr Ben de Jong (Netherlands) – The KGB and the CPSU
  • PhD Valery Katzunov (Bulgaria) – The First Main Directorate of Bulgarian State Security: A Foreign Intelligence Unit or a Bulgarian Communist Party Sub-division
  • Molly Pucci (USA) – `News From Home’: Wartime Intelligence and Post-war Security in Czechoslovakia, 1938-1946
  • Dr Aleksandar Zivotic (Serbia) – Yugoslav Intelligence and Foreign Policy decision-making during the Cold War

16.40-17.30 – discussion

17.30-17.45 – Conclusion

Website: http://ipn.gov.pl/

(L’appel à communications du colloque est paru sur ce carnet de recherches : http://guerre-froide.hypotheses.org/807)

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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International organizations and the rise of global governance

Shifting Visions of Development: International Organizations, Non-Governmental Actors, and the Rise of Global Governance, 1945-1990

29-30 septembre 2011

Brême (Allemagne)

 

International Organizations and INGOs have played a leading role in the making of global development policies during the last fifty years.  Powerful engines of globalization as much as global transmitters of ideas and knowledge, specifically organizations such as the World Bank, the United Nations and private foundations have left big footprints in fields like health, human rights, agriculture, labor, development aid, gender, demography, and ecology. Today, they manage and regulate large sectors of social activity across the globe, functioning as influential clearing houses of global governance.

Historians have only recently rediscovered the history of those organizations. While most of them agree with social scientists that the postwar era marked the high point of international and non-state organizations in a global setting, much research remains to be done to better understand the role of those institutions with regard to policy-making and politics not only in the metropoles but also on the ‘periphery’. How did they shape relations between North and South, East and West? What kinds of practices did they establish on the ground?  Which difference did they make?

The time seems ripe to take a more systematic look at the various fields of development and to bring together leading scholars to assess where we stand and what remains to be done. The conference will assemble historians and social scientists to do justice to the transdisciplinary nature of the fields. Case studies will be combined with conceptual debates. With its interest in a culturally and socially informed political history that takes into account both state and non-state actors and pays attention to the variety of transnational linkages, the conference organizers hope to make a significant contribution to the field of new international and global history.

Sponsored by the German Historical Institute Washington, DC, the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences, and the Research Group TEAMS at Jacobs University Bremen

 

Jeudi 29 septembre 2011

 

9:30 – Coffee

10:00 – Words of Welcome

10:15 – Panel 1: A New Role for International Organizations?

  • Jens Steffek/Leonie Holthaus (both Technical University of Darmstadt): Planning, Development and the Functional Design of International Organizations
  • Daniel Speich (ETH Zurich/University of Luzern): Macroeconomic Expertise and International Organizations: Generalizing Knowledge in the Relations between Europe and Africa, 1940s to 1960s

Chair: Jost Duelffer (University of Cologne)

12:00 – Lunch

13:30 – Panel 2: Changing Structures of Governance

  • Helge Pharo (University of Oslo): International Aid Providers: Institutional Cooperation and Competition between Nation-states, NGOs, and International Organizations after 1945
  • Vincent Lagendijk (University of Leiden): From Dam-Age to Damage? The International Governance of Dams and their Environmental Impact since the 1960s

Chair: Welf Werner (Jacobs University Bremen)

15:00 – Coffee Break

15:30 – Panel 3: The New Politics of Productivity

  • Anna-Katharina Wöbse (University of Geneva): Underdeveloped or Overexploited? Setting the UN Global Environmental Agenda, 1945-1950
  • Ruth Jachertz (Humboldt University Berlin): A Global Food Policy? The UN Food and Agriculture Organization and Attempts at Global Governance
  • Antoine Acker (European University Institute, Florence): Volkswagen’s Farming Project in Brazil: From Negotiated to Contested Development

Chair: Rainer Tetzlaff (Jacobs University Bremen)

Vendredi 30 septembre 2011

 

9:00 – Panel 4: Providing Health and Calories

  • Corinne Pernet (University of St. Gallen): INCAP (Instituto de Nutrición de Centroamerica y Panamá) as a Place of Transfer
  • Claudia Prinz (Humboldt University Berlin): The Global “Diarrhoeal Diseases Control Programme” and the Production, Organization and Politics of Health Knowledge
  • Thomas Zimmer (University of Freiburg): Fighting Malaria in the Name of World Health and Development: The World Health Organization in India

Chair: Corinna Unger (Jacobs University Bremen)

11:15 – Coffee

11:30 – Panel 5: Development and the Global Economy

  • Francine McKenzie (University of Western Ontario): The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and Development in the Third World
  • Matthias Schmelzer (European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder)): Growth and Its Limits: The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

Chair: Sönke Kunkel (Jacobs University Bremen)

13:00 – Lunch

14:30 – Panel 6: Humanitarianism, Gender, and Development

  • Heike Wieters (Humboldt University Berlin): CARE: A Study in the Economization of Humanitarianism
  • Jocelyn Olcott (Duke University): Women Rights Activists and International Organizations
  • Eileen Boris (University of California, Santa Barbara): “Mothers, Household Managers, and… Productive Workers in the Economy”:  The International Labor Organization and “Women in Developing Countries”

Chair: Daniel Maul (University of Giessen)

16:30 – Coffee

17:00 – Panel 7: Final Discussion: International Organizations and the Rise of Global Governance. Mapping the Field

  • Bob Reinalda (Radboud University Nijmegen)
  • Klaus Schlichte (University of Bremen)
  • Marc Frey (Jacobs University Bremen)

Chair: Corinna Unger (Jacobs University Bremen)

Contact:
Sönke Kunkel (s.kunkel@jacobs-university.de)
Jacobs University, Campus Ring 1, 28759 Bremen

(L’appel à communications du colloque est paru sur ce carnet de recherches : http://guerre-froide.hypotheses.org/787)

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Journal of Transatlantic Studies (9/3, automne 2011)

Journal of Transatlantic Studies, vol. 9, no. 3, automne 2011

 

Annick Cizel et Christian Nuenlist : Préface

Articles :

  • Marc Trachtenberg, «France and NATO, 1949–1991», p. 184-194
  • Hector Mackenzie, «France, the North Atlantic Triangle and negotiation of the North Atlantic Treaty, 1948–1949: a Canadian perspective», p.  195-206
  • Jenny Raflik, «The Fourth Republic and NATO, 1946–1958: alliance partnership or idiosyncratic nationalism?», p. 207-219
  • Christian Nuenlist, «Dealing with the devil: NATO and Gaullist France, 1958–66», p. 220-231
  • Garret Martin, «The 1967 withdrawal from NATO – a cornerstone of de Gaulle’s grand strategy?», p. 232-243
  • Frédéric Heurtebize, «The Union of the Left in France, 1971–1981: a threat to NATO? The view from Washington», p. 244-256
  • Charles Cogan, «Mitterrand, France, and NATO: the European transition», p. 257-267

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Documents diplomatiques français, 1948-I

MAEE Paris, Commission des archives diplomatiques, Documents diplomatiques français, 1948, tome 1, Bruxelles, Peter Lang, 2011, 1010 p.

 

Présentation :

L’essentiel du premier semestre 1948 concerne l’aggravation de la situation en Europe orientale (« coup de Prague » en particulier), la détérioration accélérée des relations Est-Ouest avec l’entrée désormais évidente dans la Guerre froide, les premières réactions des Européens de l’Ouest (Pacte de Bruxelles), le début de l’organisation du monde occidental (mise en place effective du European Recovery Program, premières réflexions et démarches en vue de ce qui sera en 1949 l’Alliance atlantique, conférence de Londres lançant le processus qui aboutira l’année suivante à la création de la République fédérale d’Allemagne) et le début de la réaction soviétique face à ce raidissement occidental au moyen du blocus de Berlin.  La France joue pleinement son rôle dans toutes ces affaires, tout en s’efforçant de maintenir deux objectifs essentiels de sa politique : que l’évolution de la question allemande ne remette pas en cause sa sécurité et ses moyens de contrôle par rapport à l’Allemagne, et que les Occidentaux en général, et en particulier les Américains, ne durcissent pas davantage la situation en réagissant de façon excessive face à Moscou.

En même temps, on voit apparaître ce qui allait constituer les deux axes majeurs de la politique de la IVe République : la construction européenne comme un cadre pour permettre à la France de contrôler l’évolution de l’Allemagne; et l’idée que, si les États-Unis veulent relever le défi soviétique, en prenant le risque de graves tensions, ils doivent alors s’engager concrètement pour garantir la sécurité de l’Europe occidentale. En effet, dès le mois d’avril, en liaison avec l’évolution du problème allemand à la conférence de Londres, où les Trois Occidentaux se dirigent de plus en plus vers la création d’un État allemand, l’hypothèse d’une réaction soviétique à Berlin est évoquée, ce qui pose la question du type d’appui que Washington serait disposé à apporter à l’Europe occidentale. À partir de là, le thème de la défense de l’Europe, dans le cadre du pacte de Bruxelles et avec l’appui américain, prend une importance considérable. À partir de la fin mai, la stratégie du Quai d’Orsay est de conseiller au gouvernement de monnayer auprès des Anglo-Saxons la fusion des zones et la création d’un État ouest-allemand contre la mise sur pied d’un système de défense du monde occidental.

Auteurs et collection :

Les séries 1932-1935 et 1936-1939 ont été publiées de 1964 à 1984 sous la responsabilité de la Commission pour la publication des documents relatifs aux origines de la guerre 1939-1945, présidée par Pierre
Renouvin (†), puis par Jean-Baptiste Duroselle (†).

En 1984 a été créée, toujours sous la présidence de Jean-Baptiste Duroselle, la Commission de publication des Documents diplomatiques français pour publier une sélection de documents à partir du 21 juillet 1954 (fin de la guerre française du Vietnam).

Présidée par Gabriel Robin, Ambassadeur de France, sa compétence a été étendue en 1992 aux périodes non encore traitées du XXe siècle (1914-1932 et 1939-1954); les professeurs Baechler (qui succède au Professeur Bariéty), Kaspi, Montant, Soutou et Vaïsse sont responsables chacun d’une série.

En 2004, la Commission de publication des Documents diplomatiques français a fusionné avec la Commission des Archives diplomatiques, placée sous la présidence du ministre des Affaires étrangères.

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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East-West cultural exchanges during the Cold War

East-West cultural exchanges during the Cold War

14 juin 2012, Jyväskylä (Finlande)

Date limite de réponse : 1er décembre 2011

 

This multi-disciplinary conference explores the role played by cultural exchange in the development of the Cold War, especially in the context of East-West relations.

Cultural exchange in the Cold War has in recent years received growing attention, but research is still very scattered. This conference aims to bring together research concerning cultural exchanges from the East and the West. Furthermore, theoretical discussion about the still rather vague definition of the cultural Cold War in encouraged.

Possible paper topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Soviet cultural diplomacy and cultural initiatives
  • Western tourism in the East / Eastern tourism in the West
  • Everyday experiences of cultural exchanges
  • Trans-national networks across the Iron Curtain
  • Media as an agent in cultural exchange
  • Concrete and imagined borders
  • Material and consumer cultures
  • Festivals and international cultural competitions

Contact:
Simo Mikkonen
Dpt of History and ethnology
FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä
Email: eastwestculture@gmail.com

Site Web : http://culturalcoldwar.blogspot.com/

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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