Présentation de l’ouvrage Cousu de fil rouge : Voyages des intellectuels français en Union soviétique

Présentation de l’ouvrage Cousu de fil rouge : Voyages des intellectuels français en Union soviétique

26 mars 2012, 18h00-20h00



Présentation de l’ouvrage Cousu de fil rouge : Voyages des intellectuels français en Union soviétique, qui vient de paraître à CNRS Editions en 2012, dans la collection «Mondes russes et est-européens».

Cette présentation est organisée par le CERCEC (Centre d’Etudes du Monde russe, caucasien et centre-européen, CNRS/EHESS) et le Centre Roland Mousnier (Université Paris-Sorbonne/CNRS). Au cours de cette présentation, prendront la parole les auteures de l’ouvrage :

  • Sophie Coeuré (professeur à l’Université de Paris-Diderot)
  • Galina Kouznestova (collaboratrice du GARF ou Archives d’Etat de la Fédération de Russie)
  • Rachel Mazuy (chargée de cours à l’Université Sorbonne Nouvelle)

Ainsi que :

  • Jean-François Fayet (Maître d’enseignement et de recherche suppléant à l’Université de Genève)
  • les directeurs de la collection «Mondes russes et est-européens» : Sergey Mironenko (directeur du GARF), Francine-Dominique Liechtenhan (directrice de recherche au Centre Roland Mousnier, CNRS), Wladimir Berelowitch (directeur d’études à l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences sociales)

Lieu : Centre Roland Mousnier (Sorbonne, escalier G, Salle G 647), 1 rue Victor Cousin, 75005 Paris

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Brzezinski et la politique étrangère américaine

Justin Vaïsse soutiendra sa thèse d’habilitation (histoire)  le lundi 5 décembre 2011 (14h00) sur le sujet suivant :

De Harvard à la Maison-Blanche. Zbigniew Brzezinski et l’ascension des universitaires dans l’establishment de politique étrangère américaine pendant la guerre froide


Jury : Antoine Coppolani, Mario del Pero, Denis Lacorne, Pierre Mélandri (directeur de recherche), Vincent Michelot, Marc Trachtenberg

Lieu : Sciences Po, salle de réunion (3e étage), 199 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75007 Paris

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Dissidents and diplomats: The Helsinki final Act and the end of the Cold War

Dissidents and Diplomats: The Helsinki Final Act and the End of the Cold War

London School of Economics

24 October 2011, 7:00 pm


Sarah B. Snyder talks about the influence of the 1975 Helsinki Final Act and the human rights movement that developed in its wake. She will explore the connections among Eastern European dissidents, human rights activists in the West,and high-level diplomats and argue their common efforts helped contribute to the peaceful end of the Cold War.

Dr Sarah B. Snyder is Lecturer in International History at University College London and an associate of the LSE-IDEAS-Cold War Studies Programme.

Dr Arne Hofmann is Joint Faculty Tutor for the Arts and Humanities and Social and Historical Sciences at University College London.


For further information:

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Europe’s role in an entangled history of the Atlantic World

More Atlantic Crossings? Europe’s role in an entangled history of the Atlantic World, 1950s-1970s

7-9 June 2012, Washington

Deadline: 1 December 2011


Fifteen years ago Daniel Rodgers’ Atlantic Crossings marked a milestone in the transnational history of the twentieth century Atlantic world. It not only put the American Progressive Era within a broader Atlantic framework, but also highlighted a myriad of transnational exchanges and networks among professionals, civil society organizations, policy-makers and intellectuals during the first half of the twentieth century. The study, however, ends during the 1940s, as the increase in U.S. power fundamentally altered the dynamics of transatlantic relations.

This workshop will explore the degree to which we can still trace these reciprocal “Atlantic Crossings” into the postwar decades. In what ways and areas, specifically, did Europeans and European social, economic, and cultural models continue to shape transatlantic debates despite the seemingly overwhelming role played by the United States?

We are interested in taking stock of ongoing research on transnational transatlantic exchanges since the middle of the twentieth century. In a recent essay on the field of transnational history, Ian Tyrell singled out the postwar decades as a period in order to illustrate the impact of asymmetrical power relationships on transnational exchange processes. To him and many others, the era was one of unidirectional transatlantic flows and of “Americanization”. Despite such imbalances, Americans did not cease to look to Europe after World War II in search of alternative solutions, inspirations or challenges. Postwar development was in many areas more entangled than linear narratives of Americanization suggest. While the social question dominated the Atlantic Crossings of the early part of the twentieth century, issues of social modernization and mass consumer affluence were of special significance in the decades under consideration here. These were, to be sure, trademark issues of the “American century”, but at the same time, they were subject to competing visions of modernity.

The impact of European impulses on the American social landscape has not yet received systematic consideration from historians of the postwar period. As Americans recognized the limitations of the American Dream, what elements of European social policy did they consider? As the death of the American city became an issue of debate, how did American perspectives on European cities change? While Europeans were discussing the “American challenge”, how did American society react to the increasing global competitiveness of European economies? As American commercial culture became ubiquitous, did European notions of culture and style disappear completely from the transatlantic scene? In many areas, European social or economic models failed to gain traction and cases of outright imports are far and few between. Still, such exchanges should be considered a vital element of the entangled history of the postwar Atlantic world, complementing our increasingly refined understanding of European reflections about and adaptations of American models.

This workshop will focus on concrete exchanges and actors; and it will investigate the relative importance of transatlantic networks of policy makers and professionals, of civil society organizations and of business managers, artists, intellectuals, and cultural entrepreneurs. Their world was often one that transcended binary oppositions between Europe and America. It was, however, also shaped by larger dynamics of the era – most importantly Cold War divisions, perceptions of crisis during the 1970s, and a new era of globalization. Thus, understanding the entangled history of the postwar Atlantic world also means considering its place within a broader global framework.

To explore postwar American perspectives on Europe, as well as the degree of and limitations to postwar “Transatlantic Crossings”, we are soliciting submissions from historians and scholars in related fields working on post World-War II transatlantic exchanges in (among others) the following areas:

  • Public policy
  • Social movements (environmentalism, feminism, peace movement) and ideology
  • Urban planning and architecture
  • Management studies, labor relations and human resources
  • Science and technology
  • Arts and popular culture
  • Gender and the family
  • Transatlantic networks and elite migrants

Please send a paper title, a 500 word abstract, and a CV to Jan Logemann ( by December 1, 2011. Expenses for travel (economy class) and accommodation will be covered, though you may defray organizing costs by soliciting funds from your home institution.

Conveners: Jan Logemann (GHI), Mary Nolan (NYU), Daniel Rodgers (Princeton)

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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20th Century Youth Organizations and International Relations

Adolescent Ambassadors: 20th Century Youth Organizations and International Relations

23-24 mars 2012, Washington

Date limite: 31 octobre 2011



This workshop seeks to add to the burgeoning historiography on non-state actors in international relations by focusing on youth and youth organizations. Parallel to the proliferation of inter- and transnational organizations around the turn of the century, Western scientists invented the concept of adolescence to demarcate an intermediate period between childhood and adulthood. The contention that adolescence was an unstable life phase, a developmental stage marked by extreme vitality and insecurity, persuaded policymakers across borders to establish domestic institutions designed to shape, educate, and improve an allegedly erratic youth. But the scientific and social construction of adolescence did not have implications for national reform alone. Innovations in transportation and communication allowed youngpeople to journey across nations and continents as never before. Moreover, characterizations and self-characterizations of youth as adventurous, transgressive, and idealistic molded their image as vanguards of a new generation of globally connected citizens.

Nowhere did the anxieties and aspirations related to growing up in a modern world become more palpable than in the spread of adult-led youth organizations like the Boy Scouts, Girl Guides, the Red Cross Youth, 4-H, or the Communist Pioneers. Although most of these organizations pledged allegiance to distinct ideologies and national communities, they were enmeshed in webs of global and intercultural exchange. Their “diplomatic” activities not only overlapped increasingly with those of national foreign policy elites. Major international institutions such as the League of Nations and the United Nations also forged ties with prominent youth organizations that proved mutually beneficial. Political education, leisure, labor, citizenship training, mobility, national regeneration, and international politics converged in these border-crossing youth movements, with profound ramifications for how young people from different societies viewed themselves, each other, and the world they would both help make and inherit.

We invite contributions that address the nexus of youth and international relations from western as well as non-western viewpoints. Chronologically, the workshop stretches from the high tides of Euro-American imperialism to the end of the Cold War. Methodologically, it wants to spawn a productive dialogue among historians of international relations and of youth and childhood. We are particularly interested in proposals that trace the impact of youth organizations on the modern international order by employing analytical categories as diverse as gender, race, empire, class, ethnicity,sexuality, leisure, education, state politics, cultural diplomacy, and age.

Possible workshop topics should connect youth and youth organizations to foreign policy, international institutions, political ideologies, totalitarianism, the Cold War, decolonization, capitalism, religion, popular culture, tourism, environmentalism, consumption, sports, student exchange, and transnational biographies.

Please send a proposal of no more than 500 words and a brief CV to Bärbel Thomas (

The deadline for submission is October 31, 2011. Participants will be notified by the end of November. The workshop, held in English, will focus on discussing 6,000-8,000-word, pre-circulated papers (due February 15, 2011). We intend to publish the contributions. Expenses for travel and accommodation will be covered.

Conveners: Mischa Honeck (German Historical Institute) and Gabriel Rosenberg (Duke University)


Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Les dimensions transnationales de l’anticommunisme de guerre froide

Les dimensions transnationales de l’anticommunisme de guerre froide : actions, réseaux, transferts

Université de Fribourg

26-29 octobre 2011


Alors que la lutte contre le communisme pendant la guerre froide est souvent associée à une «croisade», sur laquelle plane par ailleurs l’ombre – la «main invisible» – des États-Unis et de leurs services secrets (CIA), et que l’historiographie de ces dernières années a beaucoup étudié des aspects tels que la guerre psychologique et la diplomatie culturelle, tout en développant le concept d’histoire transnationale, le moment semble venu de faire le point sur la part de «transnationalité» de l’anticommunisme. Dans quelle mesure celui-ci a-t-il été réellement concerté, coordonné et ramifié de manière transnationale? Quelles interactions et interdépendances observe-t-on entre les différents types d’anticommunisme à l’échelle européenne et transatlantique? Quelles ont été les dynamiques de transfert à l’oeuvre tant au niveau des pratiques que des idées? Quels réseaux et quelles configurations enjambant les frontières le combat contre le «péril rouge» a-t-il engendrés? Comment se sont articulées activités clandestines et publiques, privées et étatiques? Telles sont les principales questions auxquelles des spécialistes européens et américains tenteront d’apporter des réponses, en se penchant sur tout l’éventail des connexions hétérogènes qui se sont manifestées dans le cadre de la lutte anticommuniste. Ainsi le colloque vise-t-il à rendre compte des accomplissements aussi bien que des limites de la «solidarité anticommuniste occidentale» durant la guerre froide.



17.15 – Ouverture du colloque

17.30 – KEY-NOTE. Giles SCOTT-SMITH (Université de Leiden et Roosevelt Study Center à Middleburg) : Tracking the Bear? Anticommunism and the Transnational Imperative

18.30 – Discussion

19.00 – Vin d’honneur de la Chancellerie de l’État de Fribourg (Hall Mosaïque)



9.00 – Accueil par les organisateurs

9.25-11.45 – PANEL I : FIGURES

Modération : Brigitte Studer (Université de Berne)

  • Bernard LUDWIG (Université de Paris 1) : «Dr. Anti» : Eberhard Taubert, de l’Antikomintern au Volksbund für Frieden und Freiheit (VFF)
  • Olivier DARD (Université de Metz) : Suzanne Labin, cinquante ans d’«expertise» anticommuniste

10.10 – Discussion
10.30 – Pause

  • Pierre ABRAMOVICI (journaliste et IHEAL Paris 3 Sorbonne) : Stefano Delle Chiaie, combattant de l’anticommunisme ou terroriste d’extrême-droite? Mythe et réalité
  • Luc VAN DONGEN (Université de Fribourg) : «Brother Tronchet», un leader syndical suisse dans l’orbite des États-Unis

11.25 – Discussion

11.45 – Repas


Modération : Damir Skenderovic (Université de Fribourg)

  • Daniele GANSER (Université de Bâle) : Der internationale Kontext der NATO Geheimarmeen und der Terroranschlag in München 1980
  • Peer Henrik HANSEN (Cold War Museum Langelandsfort de Rudkøbing) : «How to Dismantle a Communist Party From the Inside» : Anti-Communism and Danish-US Intelligence Operations 1947-1963

14.55 – Discussion
15.15 – Pause


Modération : Claude Hauser (Université de Fribourg)

  • Mikael NILSSON (Chercheur indépendant) : Herbert Tingsten and the Congress for Cultural Freedom : the Intellectual History of the «Death of Ideology» Thesis in Sweden
  • Maren ROTH (Amerika-Institut Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität de Munich) Melvin Lasky – ein intellektueller Agent im kulturellen Kalten Krieg

16.15 – Discussion

  • Nicolas STENGER (Université de Genève) : Anticommuniste parce que chrétien : Denis de Rougemont et le Congrès pour la liberté de la culture
  • Paola CARLUCCI (Scuola Normale Superiore de Pise) : «Tempo Presente» (1956-1968) : A Transnational Journal in Italy

17.15-17.35 – Discussion




Modération : Stéphanie Roulin (Université de Fribourg)

  • Markku RUOTSILA (Université de Helsinki) : Transnational Fundamentalist Anticommunism : The International Council of Christian Churches
  • Johannes GROSSMANN (Université de Sarre) : Ein «christliches Kominform»?  Das Comité International de Défense de la Civilisation Chrétienne

9.45 – Discussion
10.05 – Pause

  • Bent BOEL (Université d’Aalborg) : Bible Smuggling and Human Rights in the Soviet Bloc during the Cold War
  • Matthieu GILLABERT (Université de Fribourg) : La soviétologie fribourgeoise de Józef M. Bochenski (1955-1965)

11.00 – Discussion
11.20 – Repas


Modération : Alain Clavien (Université de Fribourg)

  • Hugh WILFORD (California State University de Long Beach) : The American Society of African Culture : The CIA and Transnational Networks of African Diaspora Intellectuals in the Cold War
  • Tity DE VRIES (Université de Groningen) : Not An Ugly American – a Dutch Reporter As Agent of the West in Africa
  • Simona TOBIA (journaliste et Université de Reading) : How the USA Conquered the RAI : the Transnational Struggle on Short-Waves, 1945-1956

14.35 – Discussion
14.55 – Pause


Modération : Thomas David (Université de Lausanne)

  • Valérie AUBOURG (Université de Cergy-Pontoise) : L’atlantisme comme antidote du communisme : le cas du groupe de Bilderberg dans les années 1950-1960
  • Niels BJERRE-POULSEN (University of Southern Denmark) : Abandoning the Road to Serfdom : The Mont Pelerin Society and the Reconstruction of Postwar Germany
  • Adrian HÄNNI (Université de Zurich) : A Global Crusade against Communism: The Cercle and the 6I in the 1980s

16.15 – Discussion



9.00 – Accueil par les organisateurs


Modération : Jean-François Fayet (Université de Genève)

  • Nick RUTTER (Université de Yale) : Prohibit, Mimic, Torment, Engage?  Anti-Communist Answers to the World Youth Festival, 1947-1973
  • Karen M. PAGET (Chercheuse indépendante) : Liberation Politics and US National Security Objectives during the Cold War : Students, Covert Action and the Case of Algeria

9.55 – Discussion
10.15 – Pause

10.30-12.00 – PANEL VIII: ÉMIGRÉS

Modération : Lubor Jílek (Centre d’archives européennes de Coppet)

  • Bernard WIADERNY (Friedrich-Meinecke-Institut Freie Universität de Berlin) : Der Kongress für kulturelle Freiheit und die polnische Pariser Exilzeitschrift «Kultura»
  • Gergely FEJÉRDY (Université Catholique Pázmány Péter de Budapest) : Les Hongrois en émigration et la construction européenne comme outil de lutte contre le communisme au début de la Guerre Froide

11h15 – Discussion
11.35 – Conclusion
12.00 – Fin du colloque et buffet dînatoire (Hall Mosaïque)

Contact et information : Dr Grzegorz Sienkiewicz, assistant de colloque (

Organisation :

  • Département des Sciences Historiques – Histoire contemporaine – Université de Fribourg : Prof. Claude Hauser, Prof. Damir Skenderovic, Dr Luc van Dongen (FNS Ambizione), Dr Stéphanie Roulin; Assistant de colloque : Dr Grzegorz Sienkiewicz
  • Institute for History, Université de Leiden (Pays-Bas) : Prof. Giles Scott-Smith

Partenaires. Les organisateurs remercient les institutions suivantes pour leur généreux soutien financier : Faculté des Lettres de l’Université de Fribourg -Fondation Pierre Du Bois (Genève) -Fonds national suisse de la recherche scientifiques -Gebert Rüf Stiftung (Zurich/Bâle) et Institut interfacultaire d’Europe orientale et centrale (Université de Fribourg) -Institute for History de l’Université de Leiden (Pays-Bas) -Rectorat de l’Université de Fribourg -Secrétariat d’État à l’éducation et à la recherche.

Renseignements :

Programme détaillé et plans d’accès

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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East-West cultural exchanges during the Cold War

East-West cultural exchanges during the Cold War

14 juin 2012, Jyväskylä (Finlande)

Date limite de réponse : 1er décembre 2011


This multi-disciplinary conference explores the role played by cultural exchange in the development of the Cold War, especially in the context of East-West relations.

Cultural exchange in the Cold War has in recent years received growing attention, but research is still very scattered. This conference aims to bring together research concerning cultural exchanges from the East and the West. Furthermore, theoretical discussion about the still rather vague definition of the cultural Cold War in encouraged.

Possible paper topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Soviet cultural diplomacy and cultural initiatives
  • Western tourism in the East / Eastern tourism in the West
  • Everyday experiences of cultural exchanges
  • Trans-national networks across the Iron Curtain
  • Media as an agent in cultural exchange
  • Concrete and imagined borders
  • Material and consumer cultures
  • Festivals and international cultural competitions

Simo Mikkonen
Dpt of History and ethnology
FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä

Site Web :

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Writing Pugwash histories

Writing Pugwash Histories. From Hiroshima and Nagasaki to Kabul and Gaza

Vienne, 10-12 mai 2012

Date limite : 31 octobre 2011

For nuclear physicists, chemists and technicians, the hundreds of thousands of civilian victims of the nuclear bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki cast a painfully sharp light on the military and biopolitical consequences of their work during the Second World War. In the nuclear arms race between the Cold War superpowers, many nuclear scientists felt able, justified and indeed called upon to campaign against the continued development and deployment of nuclear weapons.  Those scientists included some who had themselves helped to develop the atom bomb.

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

Among the various national and transnational groupings working against nuclear war, the Pugwash movement stands out. Even today, it evokes the July 1955 manifesto that was drafted by Bertrand Russell and co-signed by Albert Einstein just before his death. The movement took its name from the location of its first meeting, in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia in summer 1957. So far, 59 “Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs” and numerous workshops have been held in various regions of the world. From the beginning, the movement aimed to bring together eminent scientists, scholars, politicians, diplomats and government advisers across the hostile frontiers of the Cold War. The “Pugwashites” wanted to go beyond the exchange of diplomatic notes or military force, instead using the shared language of science to evaluate the risks of nuclear armament, develop solutions to regional conflicts and exert influence on national governments with the goal of promoting world peace.

The themes addressed by the Pugwash conferences have diversified to reflect the changing problems facing international politics – climate change; crises of energy, food and natural resources. Since the movement was founded its membership structure has also changed, as have the scientific disciplines and professions of its members, its objectives, methods and modes of cooperation, and its role within the debates of global politics.

Pugwash movement: History or histories

To date, the history of the Pugwash movement has been told largely through chronological accounts, memoirs and partial studies of national Pugwash groups. Writing a comprehensive history of the movement is perhaps not possible at the present time. On the one hand, the informal structure of the Pugwash movement means it is known only to a relatively small audience, and has attracted little attention from historians even since the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to the movement and its secretary general, Joseph Rotblat, in 1995. On the other, although the Pugwash movement has an international presence, it is embedded in very different scientific, social and political configurations in different countries and regions. As a result, it seems neither possible nor desirable to write a single, unified narrative of the movement’s peace-policy successes and global political significance.

Instead, what we need are multi-faceted histories written from a range of distinct national and regional perspectives. Only in this way will historians be able to fully understand the distinctive character of the Pugwash movement in the long term, its survival through time and across such profound political changes and its contributions to international dialogue.  From its inception, Pugwash oscillated between an elitist claim to universal scientific expertise, links with transnational movements for peace and against nuclear weapons, and integration into the local political establishments. It therefore offers an outstanding opportunity to consider national and international connections between science and politics, which became increasingly complex during the second half of the twentieth century. Analysing these interrelations from a transnational perspective necessitates a large, cooperative network of historians, able to take a range of different thematic and regional approaches.

Objectives of the workshop

The wide and diverse literature on the Cold War by political historians, historians of science and historians of diplomacy has hitherto yielded only a small number of informative studies of the Pugwash movement (these include Evangelista 1999; Kubbig 2004; Butcher 2005; Braun 2007).  The proposed workshop intends to form a springboard for a more broadly based engagement with the topic. Our objectives include:

  • to exchange information regarding existing research and ongoing projects relating to the history of the Pugwash movement in various different countries,
  • using completed, current and planned research projects as a point of entry, to discuss history of science and political history dimensions of the Pugwash movement,
  • to examine methodological approaches, the state of documentation and questions around archival sources relevant to Pugwash.

Who is invited?

We invite proposals from scholars in the history of science, social and political history, and related disciplines. You should either have worked directly on the history of the Pugwash movement or addressed it in the course of other research. Proposals related to ongoing PhD or postdoctoral projects are particularly welcome.

Please submit a one-page proposal and brief CV in English to by 31 October, 2011. We will notify selected participants in November 2011. Papers of no more than 3,500 words must be submitted, in English, by 31 March, 2012.

Funding is still pending. We hope to be able to cover travel costs for up to ten participants (max. EUR 400 each).


Prof. Dr. Carola Sachse (
Institut für Zeitgeschichte
Universität Wien
Spitalgasse 2, Hof 1
A-1090 Vienna

Dr. Silke Fengler (
Institut für Zeitgeschichte
Universität Wien
Spitalgasse 2, Hof 1
A-1090 Vienna

Dr. Alison Kraft (
ESRC Centre for Genomics in Society (Egenis)
University of Exeter
Byrne House, St. Germans Road


Martina Schmied (
Institut für Zeitgeschichte
Universität Wien
Spitalgasse 2, Hof 1
A-1090 Vienna

Sponsored by: Institute for Contemporary History, University of Vienna, and Arbeitskreis Historische Friedensforschung (AKHF)

Conveners: Silke Fengler (University of Vienna), Alison Kraft (Egenis, University of Exeter), Holger Nehring (University of Sheffield, AKHF), and Carola Sachse (University of Vienna)

Keynote speaker: Matthew Evangelista (Cornell University)

In cooperation with: Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs (contact: Sandra Ionno Butcher), and Vereinigung Deutscher Wissenschaftler (VDW, contact: Reiner Braun)

Emilia Robin

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Antifascism as a Practice and as a Discourse

Antifascism as a Practice and as a Discourse. Western Europe – Eastern Europe

Genève, 5 janvier 2012

Date limite : 16 juin 2011

Crisis, loss of values, end of a paradigm, here are among many others the expressions that are associated since the 1990s with the antifascism. The reasons, which led the antifascism to be blacklisted as a political and historical legitimate object, are varying. They may however be connected, in a wider sense, with the pure and simple assimilation of antifascism with communism, and more precisely with the fact that antifascism was one of the founding value of communist regimes in Eastern Europe.

The purpose of this workshop is to rework this theme by highlighting the ruptures and continuities between the antifascism of the 1920s-1950s, expression and plural political practice involving various actors and the discursive usages made by the communist regimes. The anti-fascism has diversified over time and its definition varies according to the political programs or the repertoire of mobilized collective action.

The confrontation between these two aspects involves the questioning of the antifascist configurations in their practices and the existent political movements by which they are carried. For antifascisms in action, we will analyse the diversity of practices in changing contexts by starting with precisely documented case studies. The forms of exploitation by the communist parties will be studied, both in their dimension of national legitimacy as well as in the context of the international Cold War competition. So what represented the anti-fascism in the eyes of the communist, non-communist or anti-communist activists, the opponents, the survivors of the Résistance and the victims of fascist regimes? To what collective imagination is it related? What is the meaning of this commitment? What will happen after the war in the West when the anti-fascistic struggle will leave room for the daily political battles carried on by the parties and movements of different, not to say incompatible, values and projects and yet all united under the same “anti-fascistic” label? And what will this meaningless notion signify for the opponents and victims of the communist regimes?

To highlight ruptures and continuities between these two aspects of antifascism, it will be particularly interesting to “follow” certain antifascist figures and to analyse accurately the contexts and modalities of the biographical rewritings, which they undergo in the East as well as in the West.

Finally, we will confront the reality and the diversity of antifascist practices with their reinterpretation and their simplification in the ideological discourse of the communist parties in power in the East as in the opposition in the West. A particular attention will therefore be paid to the political usages of this concept throughout the post-war period.

In addition to its high-ranking methodological contribution (socio-historical analyse of practices and discourses), this roundtable should create the conditions for a dialogue between various scientific communities, whose meeting will have essential heuristic effects for those working on the history of ideas and political practices.

Organizers: Alix Heiniger (University of Geneva); Sandrine Kott (University of Geneva); Stéfanie Prezioso (University of Lausanne)

Scientific Committee:

  • Sonia Combe (University of Paris West)
  • Alberto de Bernardi (University of Bologna)
  • Thomas Lindenberger (Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for European History and
  • Public Spheres, Vienna)
  • Anson Rabinbach (Princeton University)
  • Brigitte Studer (University of Bern)
  • Mercedes Yusta (University of Paris 8)

Contact : Alix Heiniger (, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva 4


Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Vingtième siècle (no. 109, 2011)

Vingtième siècle. Revue d’histoire, no. 109, janvier-mars 2011. Dossier «Le bloc de l’Est en question»

Dans un souci politique de dramatisation, le discours de guerre froide décrivait un monde partagé en deux camps clairement délimités et absolument antagonistes. Vu de l’Ouest, l’Est constituait un bloc homogène et menaçant dont l’unité était garantie par une domination soviétique totale.

Vingt ans après la chute du mur et l’entrée dans l’ère «post-guerre froide», ce discours peut être interrogé. Par-delà l’existence de deux modèles distincts, il est possible de distinguer des convergences et des éléments d’une commune modernité. Par ailleurs, si l’URSS a exercé une domination implacable sur les démocraties populaires, on peut s’interroger sur sa capacité à construire une véritable communauté à l’Est de l’Europe. L’objectif de ce numéro est de contribuer à cette perspective «post-guerre froide» en interrogeant la notion de bloc de l’Est d’une triple manière.

Les articles rassemblés ici soulignent d’abord les limites de l’influence exercée par l’URSS : la diffusion de son modèle est loin d’avoir été absolue et la cohésion interne du bloc se révèle souvent fragile. En outre, derrière les discours de solidarité intra-bloc, certains dirigeants est-européens ont poursuivi des objectifs nationalistes et mobilisé une rhétorique de grandeur et d’indépendance nationale. Enfin, l’approche transnationale permet de souligner la porosité du rideau de fer et l’existence de circulations entre l’Est et l’Ouest.

Si le bloc de l’Est a bien existé, ce numéro montre qu’il a été moins monolithique et fermé que le discours de guerre froide ne l’a affirmé.


Sandrine Kott et Justine Faure : Présentation

Construire le bloc de l’Est

  • Lars Haga : «Imaginer la démocratie populaire : l’Institut de l’économie mondiale et la carte mentale soviétique de l’Europe de l’Est (1944-1948)»
  • Michel Christian : «Les partis communistes du bloc de l’Est :un objet transnational? L’exemple des écoles supérieures du parti»
  • Simon Godard : «Construire le bloc de l’Est par l’économie? La délicate émergence d’une solidarité internationale socialiste au sein du Conseil d’aide économique mutuelle»
  • Lucia Dragomir : «L’Union des écrivains : un modèle institutionnel et ses limites»

Le bloc de l’Est, entre global et national

  • Pal Germuska : «Le réalisme socialiste et ses modèles internationaux Jérôme Bazin L’industrie de la défense hongroise : de la soviétisation a l’occidentalisation»
  • Tchavdar Marinov : ««Nous ne pouvons pas renoncer a notre Histoire» : quand la question macédonienne met a l’épreuve la notion de bloc communiste»
  • Irina Gridan : «Du communisme national au nationalcommunisme : réactions a la soviétisation dans la Roumanie des années 1960»
  • Muriel Blaive : «Frontière idéologique ou nationale : Ceske Velenice, ville tchèque a la frontière avec l’Autriche»

Les circulations entre l’Est et l’Ouest

  • Sandrine Kott : «Par-delà la guerre froide : les organisations internationales et les circulations Est-Ouest (1947-1973)»
  • Kim Christiaens, Idesbald Goddeeris et Wouter Goedertier : «Inspirées par le Sud? Les mobilisations transnationales Est-Ouest pendant la guerre froide»
  • Bent Boel : «Transnationalisme social-démocrate et dissidents de l’Est pendant la guerre froide»
  • Duane Huguenin : «Les jeunes, l’Ouest et la police secrète tchécoslovaque : immaturité ou diversion idéologique?»
  • Justine Faure : «Les échanges universitaires, la logique de bloc et l’esprit de guerre froide : entretien avec Katherine Verdery»



  • Christian Chevandier : «Archives hospitalières, archives de la société»
  • Gilles Morin : «Archives nationales et Archives de France : quel avenir pour la recherche historique?»

Avis de recherches

  • Jean-Sebastien Noël et Agnieszka Szmidt : «Corps et machines à l’âge industriel»
  • Mareike Bues : «La diplomatie parlementaire en France après 1945»
  • Mathieu Tracol : «Pierre Bérégovoy en politique»

Images, lettres et sons

  • Marc Bergère : «”Objectifs bulles”… pour les historiens(ne)s!»
  • Sylvain Pattieu : «Mad Men, a la recherche du temps perdu»
  • Éric Savarese : «Ils ont quitte l’Algérie»
  • David Bensoussan : «Images de Bretagne»

Pour en savoir plus :

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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