Intelligence and Politics. Western and Eastern Perspectives

Need to Know: Intelligence and Politics. Western and Eastern Perspectives

8-9 novembre 2011



One of the side-effects of the collapse of the communist system in Central/Eastern Europe was that hitherto highly classified data on key aspects of intelligence operations in some Warsaw Pact countries became relatively easily accessible. These data concerned such fundamental issues as: the impact of intelligence information on political decisions; international intelligence networks; data circulation and processing; goals, methods, and forms of intelligence work; information sources and intelligence operations; and intelligence as an organization.

The main aim of the conference is to confront the experience of scholars from Central/Eastern Europe, who analyze such materials on a daily basis, with research methodologies developed in Western Europe and the United States.

The conference will focus on modern intelligence from the World War II to the War on Terror, however with a emphasis on the Cold War.

The conference, conceived as an event accompanying the Polish presidency in the European Union, is scheduled to take place at the South Denmark House and the European Parliament in Brussels on 8-9 November 2011. It is co-organized by: Paweł Zalewski, MEP (European People’s Party), Institute of National Remembrance – Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation i Center for Cold War Studies of the University of Southern Denmark.

English will be the language of the conference.

Due to security procedures at the European Parliament, those who wish to participate in the conference as auditors are requested to register (by 30 August 2011) by filling in the attached form (download form) and mailing it back to the organizers. Conference participation is free of charge.

For additional information and registration please contact:

Tuesday, 8 November 2011


9.00-11.30 – Opening Session

  • Dr Władysław Bułhak (Poland) – New Vision of Intelligence during the Cold War – Eastern Perspective
  • Prof. Thomas Friis (Denmark) – Why European Intelligence Studies?
  • Dr Sławomir Łukasiewicz (Poland) – Spies in Brussels. Polish Communists intelligence in the European institutions during the Cold War period

12.30-13.30 – Lunch break

13.30-15.15 – Session II: HUMINT, part 1

Chair – Prof. Andrzej Paczkowski (Poland)

  • Prof. Idesbald Goddeeris (Belgium) – Belgian and Polish Secret Services during the Cold War
  • Prof. Mark Kramer (USA) – CIA Assessments of Warsaw Pact Capabilities and Intentions
  • Dr Helmut Müller-Enbergs (Germany) – How successful was the Stasi really in the West?
  • Dr Patryk Pleskot (Poland) – DIPLOMAT MEANS SPY. Intelligence activity of Western embassies in Warsaw in the view of the Polish counter-espionage service (1956-1989)

14.30-15.15 – Discussion

15.15-15.30 – Coffee break

15.30-16.45 – Session III: Terror

Chair – Dr Łukasz Kamiński (Poland)

  • Przemysław Gasztold-Seń (Poland) – Between Geopolitics and the National Security. Polish Civilian Intelligence and International Terrorism During the Cold War
  • Prof. Kostadin Grozev (Bulgaria) – Ideology and Pragmatism: NATO v.  Warsaw Pact Countries Approaches to Combating International Terrorism in the late Cold War Period (the case of Bulgaria)
  • Steve Hewitt (United Kingdom) – The Use of Informers by US Domestic Security Agencies and the Controversy Surrounding Them from the Cold War to the War on Terror

16.15-16.45 – Discussion

Wednesday, 9 November 2011


9.00-10.40 – Session IV: HUMINT, part 2

Chair – Prof. Erik Kulavig (Denmark)

  • Dieter Bacher (Austria) – The Recruitment of Austrian Citizens by Foreign Intelligence Services in Austria from 1945 to 1953
  • Prof. Kimmo Elo (Finland) – A Spider Spinning Its Web: The East German Foreign Intelligence in the Nordic Countries
  • Kurt Jensen, Don Munton (Canada) – International Intelligence Liaison: Canada and the Central Intelligence Agency in the Early Cold War Years
  • PhD Matej Medvecky (Slovakia) – Czechoslovak Foreign Intelligence Service and its activities in Great Britain in the first two decades of Cold War

10.00-10.40 – discussion

10.40-11.00 – Coffee break


11.00-12.45 – Session V: International Relations

Chair – Prof. Christian Ostermann (USA)

  • Prof. Jordan Baev (Bulgaria) – The Soviet Bloc Intelligence Information Exchange: Stages, Intensity, Framework, Reliability, and Effectiveness
  • Dr Douglas Selvage (Germany/USA) – Intelligence-Gathering and Active Measures: The East European Security Services and the CSCE Process, 1977-1983
  • Prof. Jacek Tebinka (Poland) – Intelligence Dimension in Anglo-Polish Relations 1945-1980/1981
  • Prof. Jakub Tyszkiewicz (Poland) – The Impact of Analyses prepared by American “Intelligence Community” on U.S. Policy toward Poland in 1956-1970

12.00-12.45 – discussion

12.45-14.00 – Lunch break


14.00-15.20 – Session VI: Decision-making, part 1

Chair – Sir Rodric Quentin Braithwaite (United Kingdom)

  • Prof. Nadia Boyadijeva (Bulgaria) – Intelligence Support of UN Peacekeeping Operations during the Cold War and After
  • Baptiste Colom-Y-Canals (France) – The Construction of the French Strategic Air Intelligence 1949-1972: Study on the evolution of a decision making tool
  • Dr Michael Goodman (United Kingdom) – The British Joint Intelligence Committee and the Prediction of International Crises

14.45-15.20 – Discussion

15.20-15.40 – Coffee break


15.40-17.30 – Session VII: Decision-making, part 2

Chair – Dr Krzysztof Persak (Poland)

  • Dr Ben de Jong (Netherlands) – The KGB and the CPSU
  • PhD Valery Katzunov (Bulgaria) – The First Main Directorate of Bulgarian State Security: A Foreign Intelligence Unit or a Bulgarian Communist Party Sub-division
  • Molly Pucci (USA) – `News From Home’: Wartime Intelligence and Post-war Security in Czechoslovakia, 1938-1946
  • Dr Aleksandar Zivotic (Serbia) – Yugoslav Intelligence and Foreign Policy decision-making during the Cold War

16.40-17.30 – discussion

17.30-17.45 – Conclusion


(L’appel à communications du colloque est paru sur ce carnet de recherches :

Emilia Robin

Chercheuse associée à l'UMR SIRICE. Violons d'Ingres : guerre froide, médiation scientifique, logiciels libres

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