Spanish and Latin American Educational Reform in the Cold War
Martín García, Óscar J., et Delgado Gómez-Escalonilla, Lorenzo (dir.), Teaching Modernization. Spanish and Latin American Educational Reform in the Cold War, New York, Berghahn, décembre 2019, 282 p.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the educational systems in Spain and Latin America underwent comprehensive and ambitious reforms that took place amid a « revolution of expectations » arising from decolonization, global student protests, and the antagonism between capitalist and communist models of development. Deploying new archival research and innovative perspectives, the contributions to this volume examine the influence of transnational forces during the cultural Cold War. They shed new light on the roles played by the United States, non-state actors, international organizations and theories of modernization and human capital in educational reform efforts in the developing Hispanic world.
Óscar J. Martín García is currently a tenure-track researcher at the Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. His research has focused mainly on social movement and democratization studies and international Cold War history. He has authored two monographs, co-edited the collection Machineries of Persuasion: European Soft Power and Public Diplomacy during the Cold War, and published various articles in journals such as Cold War History, International History Review, Contemporary European History and Democratization, among others.
Lorenzo Delgado Gómez-Escalonilla is currently a Senior Scientific Researcher at the Spanish National Research Council in Madrid, Spain. He has extensively researched Spanish foreign policy in the twentieth century, American public diplomacy, and the educational, scientific and military assistance of the United States towards Spain. He has published his research in leading academic journals and is the author or editor of several books on these subjects, such as Westerly Wind. The Fulbright Program in Spain, US Public Diplomacy and Democratization in Spain: Selling Democracy?, and La apertura internacional de España. Entre el franquismo y la democracia (1953-1986).
Table des matières
Chapter 1: Educational Reform, Modernization and Development: A Cold War Transnational Process (Óscar J. Martín García and Lorenzo Delgado Gómez-Escalonilla)
Chapter 2. U.S. Assistance to Educational Reform in Spain: Soft Power in Exchange for Military Bases (Lorenzo Delgado Gómez-Escalonilla and Patricia de la Hoz Pascua)
Chapter 3. Forerunners of Change? The Ford Foundation’s Activities in Francoist Spain (Francisco Rodríguez-Jiménez)
Chapter 4. Educational Transfer and Local Actors: International Intervention in Spain during the late Franco Period (Mariano González-Delgado and Tamar Groves)
Chapter 5. Much Ado about Nothing? Lights and Shadows of the World Bank’s Support of Spanish Aspirations to Educational Modernization (1968–1972) (David Corrales Morales)
Chapter 6. US Foreign Policy toward Spanish Students. Youth Diplomacy, Modernization and Educational Reform (Óscar J. Martín García)
Chapter 7. How a Cold War Education Project Backfired: Modernization Theory, the Alliance for Progress and the 1968 Education Reform in El Salvador (Héctor Lindo-Fuentes)
Chapter 8. “Passing Through a Critical Moment”: The United States and Brazilian University Reform in the 1960s (Colin M. Snider)
Chapter 9. Between the Eagle and the Condor: The Ford Foundation and the Modernization of the University of Chile, 1965–1975 (Fernando Quesada)
Chapter 10. Between Modernization and University Reform (1957–1973): Technical Assistance from UNESCO to the University of Concepción (Anabella Abarzúa Cutroni)