France and the German Question
Bozo, Frédéric, et Wenkel, Christian (dir.), France and the German Question, 1945–1990, New York / Oxford: Berghahn Books, août 2019, 308 pages.
In the immediate aftermath of World War Two, the victors were unable to agree on Germany’s fate, and the separation of the country—the result of the nascent Cold War—emerged as a de facto, if provisional, settlement. Yet East and West Germany would exist apart for half a century, making the « German question » a central foreign policy issue—and given the war-torn history between the two countries, this was felt no more keenly than in France. Drawing on the most recent historiography and previously untapped archival sources, this volume shows how France’s approach to the German question was, for the duration of the Cold War, both more constructive and consequential than has been previously acknowledged.
Frédéric Bozo is Professor of Contemporary History at the Sorbonne Nouvelle, University of Paris III, Institute of European Studies. He is the author of numerous books, including Mitterrand, the End of the Cold War, and German Unification (2009) and French Foreign Policy since 1945 (2016), and the editor of such collections as Europe and the End of the Cold War: A Reappraisal (2008).
Christian Wenkel is Associate Professor of Contemporary History at Artois University. His research interests cover the Franco-German relationship, French foreign policy, the Cold War and European integration. His publications include Auf der Suche nach einem anderen Deutschland. Das Verhältnis Frankreichs zur DDR im Spannungsfeld von Perzeption und Diplomatie (2014) and La diplomatie française face à l’unification allemande. Archives inédites réunies (with Maurice Vaïsse, 2011).
Introduction (Frédéric Bozo and Christian Wenkel
PART I: FROM CAPITULATION TO COOPERATION
Chapter 1. France and the German Question, 1945–1949: On the interdependence of Historiography, Methodology, and Interpretations (Rainer Hudemann)
Chapter 2. Economic and Industrial Issues in France’s Approach to the German Question in the Postwar Period (Françoise Berger)
PART II: THE EMERGENCE OF THE BLOC SYSTEM
Chapter 3. France, German Rearmament, and the German Question, 1945–1955 (Michael H. Creswell)
Chapter 4. Impossible Allies? Soviet Views of France and the German Question in the 1950s (Geoffrey Roberts)
PART III: THE DE GAULLE FACTOR
Chapter 5. An Arbiter between the Superpowers: De Gaulle and the German Question, 1958–1969 (Garret J. Martin)
Chapter 6. The German Question in the Eastern Policies of France and Germany in the 1960s (Benedikt Schoenborn)
PART IV: THE ERA OF OSTPOLITIK
Chapter 7. Perceptions of Ostpolitik: French-West German Relations and the Evolving German Question under Willy Brandt and Georges Pompidou (Gottfried Niedhart)
Chapter 8. France, the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, and the German Question (Nicolas Badalassi)
Chapter 9. The Economic and Monetary Dimensions of the German Question: A French Perspective, 1969–1979 (Guido Thiemeyer)
PART V: THE END GAME
Chapter 10. The French ‘Obsession’ with the German Question: Willy Brandt, François Mitterrand, the German Question and German Unification, 1981–1990 (Bernd Rother)
Chapter 11. All about Europe? France, Great Britain and the Question of German Unification, 1989–90 (Ilaria Poggiolini)
Chapter 12. Franco-Soviet Relations, German Unification, and the End of the Cold War (Frédéric Bozo)
PART VI: ENDURING CONCERNS: ANSCHLUSS, BORDERS, AND THE TWO GERMANYS
Chapter 13. Towards a New Anschluss? France and the German and the Austrian Questions, 1945–55 (Thomas Angerer)
Chapter 14. France, Poland, and Germany’s Eastern Border, 1945–1990. The Recurrent Issue of the German Question in French-Polish Relations (Pierre-Frédéric Weber)
Chapter 15. A Surprising Continuity: The French Attitude and Policy Towards the German Democratic Republic, 1949–1990 (Christian Wenkel)