The USSR in West Africa and the Congo, 1956-1964
MAZOV, Sergueï, A Distant Front in the Cold War. The USSR in West Africa and the Congo, 1956-1964, Stanford : Stanford University Press, 2010, 256 p.
A Distant Front in the Cold War reveals West Africa as a significant site of Cold War conflict in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Although the region avoided the extreme tensions of the standoff in Eastern Europe or in the Cuban missile crisis, it nevertheless offers a vivid example of political, economic, and propagandistic rivalry between the U.S. and the USSR.
For Africa, this was a critical period characterized by decolonization and the formation of African countries’ first foreign policies. The United States and the Soviet Union both hoped to win the sympathies of the newly established states, and Sergey Mazov’s book is the first account of that competition, which the Soviet Union lost, largely through ignorance of the region.
Mazov presents evidence from previously inaccessible or unknown documents in Russian and U.S. archives, as well as an international sampling of recent scholarly works. The rich historical account pays particular attention to the repercussions of Soviet West African experience on future Soviet foreign policy, especially in the Third World.
Copublished with the Woodrow Wilson Center Press.
Sergey Mazov is a professor and chief research fellow at the Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences, in Moscow.