Séance 8 : les organisations internationales dans la guerre froide

La séance 8 du séminaire «Autour du système de guerre froide» aura lieu le lundi 2 avril 2012, de 16h00 à 18h00, et portera sur les organisations internationales dans la guerre froide, autour de deux interventions :

  • Chloé Maurel sur l’UNESCO
  • Émilia Robin Hivert sur l’Union interparlementaire

Lieu : Maison de la Recherche de Paris IV, 28 rue Serpente, 75006 Paris, salle D224.

Contact : emilia.robin@free.fr

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Transnational and International Perspectives on Peace Movements, Diplomacy, and the Law, 1975‒2012

Confronting U.S. Power after the Vietnam War: Transnational and International Perspectives on Peace Movements, Diplomacy, and the Law, 1975‒2012

5-6 October 2012, Sheffield

Deadline: 1 May 2012


Keynote Speaker: Tariq Ali

The University of Sheffield’s Centre for Peace History, in partnership with the Peace History Society, invite panel and paper proposals for a conference on opposition to United States foreign policy in the years since the end of the Vietnam War. At a time when the United States remains engaged in wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and with the “unending” war on terror as a backdrop, this conference aims to bring together historians and scholars from other disciplines to discuss the range of political, legal, social, and cultural mobilizations that have challenged U.S. foreign policy since 1975. Although scholars have been writing about the varieties of antiwar activism during the Vietnam War for decades now, opposition to American wars, combat and non-combat interventions, covert operations, and other foreign policies such as sanctions have received, by comparison, and with a few notable exceptions, much less attention. This conference, therefore, aims to shine a light on opposition to as many of these policies as possible.

Historians working from a variety of methodological perspectives are currently crafting new narratives and analyses of interstate relations as well as of transnational forces, nonstate actors—including human rights activists and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) of all kinds—and their impact on the modern world. We envision a conference where historians of anti-imperialist and anti-war activism grapple directly with the multiple and overlapping dimensions of analysis embodied in transnational history, and also confront transnational and international histories with the political and ethical challenges that peace history and anti-imperialist perspectives create. We invite rigorous dialogue between historians of dissidence against U.S. imperial power and scholars of international relations and transnationalism in general. We are interested in, among other things, the different ways in which the U.S. state and citizen mobilizations have interacted—in patterns including, but not limited to, collision, confrontation, and (perhaps ironic) congruence.

Among the specific historical questions participants in this conference should seek to answer are these: What difference did the end of the Vietnam War, and the end of the Cold War, make in patterns of anti-imperialist and peace activism? Does the quarter-century after 1975 merely form part of a continuous history of U.S. empire and its characteristic opposition (internal and external)? Or did the struggle between U.S. power and its principled opponents take on a new shape, either following the U.S. defeat in Southeast Asia or following the implosion of the Soviet Union?

Finally, as White House and Department of Justice lawyers have in recent years justified policies of preemptive war, extraordinary rendition, indefinite detention, and ‘enhanced interrogation techniques,’ diplomats and lawyers from around the world have challenged those interpretations. We invite papers that explore the history of these diplomatic and legal contests, and their relationship to human rights activists, transnationally and otherwise. In what ways have legal and diplomatic challenges been successful or unsuccessful? To what degree have international institutions such as the United Nations facilitated these challenges? How strong are transnational links between human rights lawyers? What have been the obstacles to influencing and/or changing US policy in wartime?

Possible topics could include opposition to particular events and policies:

  • “Second Cold War” policies, including the arms race
  • U.S. military intervention in the Middle East, the Caribbean, and the Balkans
  • Sponsoring combatants in Nicaragua, El Salvador
  • The “Drug War” in Central and South America
  • Invasions of Grenada, Panama
  • Anti-CIA organizing
  • Anti-Apartheid divestment
  • The First Iraq War (aka the Persian Gulf War)
  • UN/U.S. sanctions against Iraq in the 1990s
  • The War on Terror
  • The Second Iraq War
  • The Afghan War
  • U.S. policies on torture and detention
  • U.S. economic policy (exploiting markets, foreign labor, etc. – though find another way to say this)

Types of opposition could include:

  • Grassroots mobilizations
  • Diplomatic opposition
  • Legal challenges
  • Journalistic exposes
  • Whistleblowing
  • Espionage

We plan to publish a selection of papers from the conference in a special issue of Peace & Change: A Journal of Peace Research (see http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0149-0508 for more information).

The Peace History Society has generously contributed funds that will be used to defray travel costs for some presenters (particularly graduate students and untenured junior faculty). Please indicate your interest in applying for some of this type of funding when you submit your paper or panel proposal.

Please send paper and panel proposals, along with a 1 page CV for each presenter, directly to the conference organizers, Michael S. Foley and Doug Rossinow, at their email addresses below. Paper abstracts should be no more than 500 words; panel proposals will bundle together paper abstracts and include an additional 200 word rationale for the panel. The deadline for submissions is 1 May 2012.

Contact: m.foley@sheffield.ac.uk and Doug.Rossinow@metrostate.edu

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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The Fiat investments in the Soviet Union in 1960s and 70s

«Automobile multinationals, transfer of technology and East-West relations: The Fiat investments in the Soviet Union in 1960s and 70s»

28 mars 2012, 11h00-13h00



Lieu : Centre des recherches historiques-EHESS, Bâtiment Le France, 190-198 Avenue de France, 75013 Paris

Dans le cadre du séminaire «Histoire des entreprises automobiles en France et en Europe». Ce nouveau séminaire du GIS GERPISA (ENS-CACHAN) a comme ambition mettre à disposition de la communauté des chercheurs en sciences sociales et humaines de la région Ile-de-France les derniers travaux en cours sur l’histoire des entreprises automobiles. Le format est celui de la mise en commun des informations, sources et activités existantes dans ce domaine de la part des participants, ainsi qu’une discussion des travaux présentés tant par des membres du GERPISA, que par des grands témoins et acteurs des entreprises de l’automobile en France et en Europe.

Intervenante : Valentina Fava (University of Helsinki)

On 15th August 1966 in Moscow Vittorio Valletta, president of the Italian automobile company Fiat, and the representatives of the Soviet Government signed the agreement that led to the building of the VAZ -Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod, a gigantic automobile plant. The new factory, based in Tol’iatti, started its activities in September 1970 and was soon able to produce 660.000 Fiat 124 per year, ca 2.200 cars per day. The Fiat-Soviet agreement fostered the entrance of the Soviet Union in the “Automotive Century” and gave place to the first massive East-West transfer of technology and knowledge in the automobile sector of the Post World War II period. Starting from the “deal of the Century”, the paper intends to “review” the Fiat Group activities in the Soviet Union from the early 1960s to mid-1980s examining the changes in the function that the Soviet “market” had for the Italian company. In fact, the VAZ deal allowed Fiat to enter the Soviet “market” as a first comer and leading player but, paradoxically, the building of the Tol’iatti’s plant had less relevance than it might be expected- especially in terms of profits. In the two decades under examination, Fiat’s aims and strategies changed as well as the “products” to be exported towards the Socialist Great Power- in the 1970s Fiat- through Comau and UTS- was mainly providing machinery, tools and know-how only partially related to the automobile production. Furthermore, the conditions of the Soviet market changed significantly in the twenty years under analysis, and Fiat had to cope with the increasing competitive Japanese and American producers as well as the other European manufacturers.

In this framework the paper will try to answer to two different sets of questions: the first concerning the shifting reasons of Fiat’s interest in the Soviet Union: the 1960s action seemed to be actually “coordinated” with other Italian companies (ENI, Pirelli etc) and strongly backed by the Italian Government (and by parts of the American Administration) and embedded in a political project while in the 1970s the political “motive” and support had become less relevant and Fiat found increasingly difficult to make business in the USSR, especially with the outburst of the economic crisis. The second set of questions will concern the “channels” that Fiat used to enter in the Soviet “market” – and the “capabilities” that Fiat had to develop to deal with the Soviet context and environment; the paper will focuses especially on the role of Fiat’s agent, Novasider. In this perspective, the study of the Fiat “ice-breaker” function in the 1960s might contribute to shed some light on whether and how Western European corporations contributed to the breaking of the East-West trade limitations and to the end of the Cold War, working both as a economic actors as well as a political ones.

Contact : Tommaso Pardi (tpardi@gerpisa.ens-cachan.fr)

Emilia Robin

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Radio and the Challenge of Cold War: local organization and global message

Radio and the Challenge of Cold War: local organization and global messagePanel der 3. Schweizerischen Geschichtstage

Freiburg (Switzerland)

7-9 February 2013

Dealdine: 30 April 2012


Departement für Historische Wissenschaften, Universität Freiburg (Schweiz); Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Geschichte

As a global ideological fight, the Cold War requires new propagandistic means to promote political, economical, cultural and religious ideals on a large scale. The specialists soon realise the need to fit the messages to the local contexts. Such is the case for Radio Free Europe (RFE) toward the East block, and for its related chanel Radio Liberty (RL) towards the USSR. Strategic changes are made both in the Board of Direction and the editorial staff, where American, Western European and émigrés work alongside, whose views differs from one another. This reorganization have a direct impact on the delivered message. The latter is caught between the imperatives of the East-West conflict and the local realities and needs, that the Boards of direction of the radios try to seize with new analysis tools.

The goal of this panel is to mix the approaches of this media. RFE/RL may well be a textbook case, but the research on other international radios is needed in order to compare the broadcast conditions, the delivered message as well as its reception. This three dimensions, based on a local axis and a transnational one, will be considered in the three papers. The perspective should be extended by papers that would consider the North-South dimension, for example by focussing on the yet to study history of the international radios in Africa or of Radio free Asia.

This panel will examine the media globalization phenomenon that has been described by taking a close look at the cultural and political contexts where it takes place. They have a significant influence on the organization of the media. This process doesn’t come down to a mere one-way transfer from global to local, but displays an exchange between global processes and local phenomenons.

Dieses Diskussionspanel findet im Rahmen der 3. Schweizerischen Geschichtstage (http://www.journeesdhistoire.ch/) statt.

Matthieu Gillabert (matthieu.gillabert@unifr.ch)
University of Fribourg, Switzerland

Emilia Robin

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Reconsidering Stagnation

Reconsidering Stagnation. International Workshop
University of Amsterdam
30-31 March 2012


Day 1-Bungehuis, Spuistraat 210

10:00 AM

Introduction – What we talk about when we talk about “stagnation”.

Artemy Kalinovsky (UvA)
Dina Fainberg (Rutgers)

11:00-12:30 – 1. Ideological Changes and Mobilisation Chair: Marc Jansen (UvA)

  • Polly Jones (Oxford University): The Fire Burns on? The Fiery Revolutionaries series, and the last Soviet generation of writers and readers
  • Victoria Smolkin-Rothrock (Wesleyan University): Utopia’s Orphans: Soviet Atheists and the Spiritual Crisis of Late Soviet Communism
  • Svetlana Savranskaya (George Washington University): Dissidents In The Stagnation Period–Making Human Rights Discourse Part Of The National Agenda

12:30-1:30 Lunch


1:30 to 3:00 pm – 2. Everyday Life, Mobility, and Travel Chair: Otto Boele (Leiden)

  • Alexandra Oberlander (University of Bremen): “What sort of stagnation can there be when your entire life is wrapped up in work?”: A Cultural History of Work in the Brezhnev Era.
  • Lewis Siegelbaum (Michigan State University): People on the Move during the “Era of Stagnation”
  • Christian Noack (UvA): Brezhnev’s “Little Freedoms”, or: Tourism, Individuality and Mobility in the late Soviet Period


3:15- to 5:00 pm – 3. East and West: exchange, imagination, and competition Chair: Michael Kemper (UvA)

  • Simo Mikkonnen (University of Jyväskylä, Finland): Dynamic Developments: Soviet Transnational Networks with the West under Brezhnev
  • Courtney Doucette (Rutgers University): Norton Dodge in Lianozovo: Transnational Collaboration and the Making of the Unofficial Soviet Artist
  • Steven Harris (University of Mary Washington): “The Supersonic Seventies: Aeroflot and Pan Am in the Brezhnev Era.”


Day 2 (University Library, Singel 425)


10:00-11:30 am – 4. Economic Thought and Technological Development Chair: Artemy Kalinovsky (UvA)

  • Sari Autio Sarasmo (Aleksanteri Institute, Finland): East-West interaction and the Soviet Union during the Brezhnev leadership
  • Timothy Nunan (Oxford University): Soviet Development Thought and the “Central Asian Consensus,” c. 1917-1982
  • Anna Geltzer (Cornell University): The Wild West in the Communist East: Soviet anti-cancer drug development in the Brezhnev era

12:00-1:15 pm – 5. Stagnation on Screen: Past and Present Chair: Christian Noack (UvA)

  • Andrey Shcherbenok (St. Petersburg State University): Everything Was Over before It Was No More: Decaying Civilization in Late Stagnation Cinema
  • Otto Boele (Leiden University) The Glamour of Stagnation. Brezhnev and Galina in Contemporary Russian Film


1:15-2:30 Lunch


2:30-4:00 pm – 6. Popular Culture Chair: Dina Fainberg (Rutgers)

  • Serguei Oushakine (Princeton University): The Grotesque of the Typical: Masking Jokes in Soviet Comedy
  • Julian Fürst (University of Bristol): When you come to Moscow, make sure that you have flowers in your hair (and a bottle of portwine your
  • pocket): The Life and World of the Soviet Hippies under Brezhnev
  • Anna Fishzon (Williams College): Re-Animating Stagnation: the Magical Times and Spaces of late-Soviet Children’s Culture


4:15-6:00 pm – 7. Closing Panel: Remembering Stagnation

Stephen F. Cohen, Louis Siegelbaum, Svetlana Savranskaya

For further information: http://stagnation.historylounge.com/


Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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“Global Labour” et OIT (1947-1973)

«”Global Labour” et l’OIT (1947-1973) dans une perspective post-guerre froide»


19 avril 2012, 18h00-20h00


Séance du séminaire «Histoire mondiale», organisé par Chloé Maurel. Intervenante : Sandrine Kott, professeur d’histoire contemporaine à l’université de Genève.

À l’image du mouvement des «indignés» qui, après la parution en 2010 du texte Indignez-vous de Stéphane Hessel, s’est développé spontanément dans différents pays d’Europe et du monde, de nombreux phénomènes dépassent les frontières nationales et acquièrent une dimension mondiale. Quel angle d’analyse adopter à l’égard de ces phénomènes transnationaux? Relevant à l’origine des cadres nationaux, mais pour mieux les dépasser, ceux-ci se laissent difficilement appréhender et font jouer des niveaux d’échelle parfois difficiles à maîtriser dans l’analyse.

Une des approches possibles est celle dite «mondiale» ou «globale».  Celle-ci permet d’intégrer les données nationales tout en appréhendant la dimension globale des phénomènes transnationaux. Elle effectue des comparaisons et des rapprochements entre les phénomènes mondiaux, tente d’en révéler les points de convergence ou les différences, de suivre leur diffusion à travers les frontières, ainsi que d’en tracer la généalogie.  Bien implanté aux Etats-Unis depuis plusieurs décennies (comme en témoignent par exemple les travaux de William McNeill ou de Patrick Manning), le courant de la «World History» tend depuis quelques années à se développer en France.

Certains historiens se sont ainsi penchés sur des vecteurs de transnationalité, tels que le livre ou les firmes multinationales. De plus, depuis de longues années, des chercheurs travaillent sur l’histoire des organisations internationales, lieux de synthèse par excellence des mouvements nationaux en un espace commun.

Quels sont les enjeux de l’histoire mondiale/globale? Quels nouveaux chantiers de recherche ouvre-t-elle? Comment les historiens de ce courant abordent-ils leur objet d’étude et que leur apporte cette approche mondiale? Les chercheurs invités à ce séminaire et les discussions tenteront d’apporter des éléments de réponse.

Ce séminaire est ouvert à tous : chercheurs, post-doctorants et doctorants, étudiants de Master et auditeurs libres. A la fin de chaque séance, un pot amical est prévu afin de permettre aux participants d’échanger dans une ambiance conviviale.

Lieu : École normale Supérieure, 45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris; salle de séminaire de l’IHMC, 3e étage, escalier D

Contact : chmaurel@yahoo.fr

Emilia Robin

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Journal of Cold War Studies (14/1, printemps 2012)

Journal of Cold War Studies, vol. 14, no. 1, printemps 2012



  • Tony Shaw, “Nightmare on Nevsky Prospekt: The Blue Bird as a Curious Instance of U.S.-Soviet Film Collaboration during the Cold War”, p. 3-33
  • Elena Dragomir, “The Formation of the Soviet Bloc’s Council for Mutual Economic Assistance: Romania’s Involvement”, p. 34-47



  • Irwin Wall, Commentary on Globalizing de Gaulle, p. 48-52
  • Andrew Moravcsik, Charles de Gaulle and Europe: The New Revisionism, p.  53-77
  • Edward A. Kolodziej, Commentary on Globalizing de Gaulle, p. 78-80
  • Marc Trachtenberg, The de Gaulle Problem, p. 81-92
  • Christian Nuenlist, Anna Locher and Garret Martin, Reply to the Commentaries, p. 93-95
  • Michael Sheng, Qiang Zhai and Deborah Kaple, Perspectives on Sergey Radchenko’s Two Suns in the Heavens, p. 96-106
  • Michael Sheng, Commentary, p. 96-99
  • Qiang Zhai, Commentary, p. 99-103
  • Deborah Kaple, Commentary, p. 103-106
  • Sergey Radchenko, Reply to the Commentaries, p. 107-110


  • Andrew J. Bacevich and Edwin Moïse, Responses to Bernd Greiner on U.S.  Conduct in Vietnam, p. 111-113
  • Lubna Qureshi and Kristian Gustafson, Exchange: Debating U.S.  Involvement in Chile in the 1970s, p. 114-117


Book Reviews:

  • Priscilla Johnson McMillan : Zhivago’s Children: The Last Russian Intelligentsia (review), p. 118-120
  • Mark Atwood Lawrence : Vietnam’s Southern Revolution: From Peasant Insurrection to Total War (review), p. 121-123
  • Robert J. McMahon : After Hiroshima: The United States, Race and Nuclear Weapons in Asia, 1945–1965 (review), p. 123-124
  • Qiang Zhai, Collateral Damage: Sino-Soviet Rivalry and the Termination of the Sino-Vietnamese Alliance (review), p. 125-126
  • Lorenz M. Lüthi : Behind the Bamboo Curtain: China, Vietnam, and the World beyond Asia (review), p. 126-128
  • Hua-yu Li : Creating the “New Man”: From Enlightenment Ideals to Socialist Realities (review), p. 128-129
  • p. 129-132 Nicholas Daniloff : The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy (review),
  • Michael Sherry : Cry Havoc: How the Arms Race Drove the World to War, 1931–1941 (review), p. 133-134
  • Nicolas Lewkowicz : European Integration and the Cold War: Ostpolitik-Westpolitik, 1965–1973 (review), p. 135-136
  • Jeffrey Herf : Anatomy of the Red Brigades: The Religious Mind-Set of Modern Terrorists (review), p. 137-139
  • Stephen Gundle : Mondo Exotica: Sounds, Visions, Obsessions of the Cocktail Generation (review), p. 139-141
  • Barbara Marshall : Black Market, Cold War: Everyday Life in Berlin 1946–1949 (review), p. 141-143
  • Alexey Golubev : Kholodnaya voina v Arktike (review), p. 143-147
  • Vojtech Mastny : The Crisis of Détente in Europe: From Helsinki to Gorbachev, 1975–1985 (review), p. 147-149
  • Michael L. Krenn : The Opinions of Mankind: Racial Issues, Press, and Propaganda in the Cold War (review), p. 149-151

Emilia Robin

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La machine diplomatique française en Haïti (1945-1958)

WEIBERT, Arthus Weibert, La machine diplomatique française en Haïti  (1945-1958), Paris, L’Harmattan, février 2012, pages n.c.

Suite à la coupure de 1941-1945, c’est une véritable machine diplomatique française qui s’installe et fonctionne en Haïti. L’action de la France dans ce pays ne couvre pas seulement la diplomatie proprement dite et n’est pas que le résultat des efforts de la représentation française en Haïti. L’élite haïtienne et le clergé catholique sont beaucoup plus actifs et efficaces que les diplomates.  Voici examiné le type d’influence que la France cherche à maintenir en Haïti de 1945 à 1958.

Emilia Robin

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The Global Antiapartheid Era: 1946-1994

The Global Antiapartheid Era: 1946-1994 (Radical History Review, Number 119)

Deadline: 15 May 2012


The Radical History Review seeks submissions for an issue on the global politics of the anti-apartheid movement, 1946-1994. The time frame underlines our sense of the global significance of what we call the Antiapartheid Era, inaugurated by the postwar United Nations debates on discrimination suffered by Indians in South Africa and culminating in the post-Cold War transition to democracy in South Africa during the 1990s. As we see it, this antiapartheid era encompasses the evolution of the United Nations, decolonization, the Cold War, the founding of the non-aligned movement at Bandung, the rise (and fall) of Third World solidarity structures, the U.S. Civil Rights Movements, Left-Leaning Revolutions, human rights politics, upheavals of the global Sixties, and the onset of neoliberal globalization and offers new ways of connecting and contextualizing these various developments.

In 1990, the same year that Nelson Mandela walked free from prison to celebrations held around the world, the RHR published a double issue on “History from South Africa.” The issue was the result of years of collaboration between the History Workshop at the University of Witwatersrand and the American Social History Project. A little over twenty years later, as a companion and follow-up to that volume, RHR is calling for an issue that centers the history of antiapartheid solidarity. One of the most striking developments in historical research and writing over the last twenty years has been the growing interest in international, transnational, and global history. Widening our focus from the struggle against apartheid inside South Africa to a global frame reveals an exciting range of new perspectives.

For example, what happened in South Africa was bound up with struggles and anti-racist/anti-imperialist work across southern Africa and throughout the world. This activism of citizens from dozens of countries and South/ern African exiles took not only local and national forms, but often transnational forms in such initiatives as sports and cultural boycotts, corporate accountability campaigns, and calls for the release of Nelson Mandela that involved coordination across borders and appeals to a global audience. These transnational networks and campaigns were astonishing in their variety, interconnections, and persistence. There is much more to learn about the nature, scale, and scope of the antiapartheid cause, from civic and popular organizing in India, Japan, the Caribbean, independent Africa, and the “actually existing” socialist countries to the realm of international nongovernmental organizations, such as labor confederations, ecumenical religious councils, and humanitarian, pacifist, and human rights groups, to the formation of a new post-Civil Rights cohort of social activists inside the U.S.

If we borrow from the work of sociologists on global social movements and the global structures of political opportunity they engage with, we can appreciate that the antiapartheid cause unfolded from above as well as below. In addition to transnational advocacy networks and international NGOs, we need to take into account the often substantial efforts of the United Nations and allied intergovernmental agencies (e.g., the International Labour Organisation), the Organization of African Unity, international groupings such as the socialist countries and the European Community, international trade union federations, and individual states. Accordingly, we seek contributions that will trace and assess the extent and limits of the worldwide solidarity achieved in the struggle against apartheid and colonialism in Southern Africa and the impact of this solidarity on global norms of racial equality and human rights to self-determination, democracy, and development.

We are soliciting submissions that engage with one or more of the following areas of concern:

  • the emergence of large-scale organizations, networks, publications, campaigns, that gave shape and weight to this global movement.
  • the roles and experiences of individual activists, advocates, artists, writers, and scholars, especially the diaspora of exiles from South/ern Africa. Interviews with anti-apartheid activists are especially welcome.
  • the role of “new nation-states and socialist nations” such as India, Egypt and Cuba, and/or the Non-aligned Movement in the antiapartheid struggle.
  • the impact of transnational activism on apartheid South Africa and the other white minority and colonial regimes of Southern Africa, the foreign banks, corporations, the governments of the U.S., Britain, and other states involved in the region.
  • the role of intergovernmental and non-governmental agencies such as the United Nations, the OAU, international labor and ecumenical bodies, and collaborations/challenges that emerged between/against these agencies.
  • the production, circulation, and reception of antiapartheid and liberation symbols, imagery, music, fiction, theater, films, and other cultural expressions and media.
  • the adaptation of the global anti-apartheid cause in diverse communities and societies and its articulation to local or national demands, especially around recognition and justice for excluded or subordinated populations, such as indigenous people in Australia and New Zealand, Dalits in India, Palestinians, and people of African descent throughout the Americas. Comparative investigations are welcome.
  • the application of international human rights law to the case of apartheid and the further development of this framework through interaction with the antiapartheid cause.
  • the place of the global anti-apartheid struggle in the reshaping of public history and memory in post-apartheid South Africa, in museums, historical sites, and history textbooks.

Radical History Review publishes material in a wide variety of forms. The editors will consider scholarly research articles as well as photo essays, film and book review essays, interviews, brief interventions, essays on museum and other public history forums, “conversations” between scholars and/or activists, teaching notes and annotated course syllabi, and research notes.

At this time we request that potential contributors submit 1-2 page abstracts summarizing the article you wish to include in this issue as an attachment to contactrhr@gmail.com with “Issue 119 abstract submission” in the subject line. Initial abstracts and article proposals are due by May 15, 2012.

By June 15, 2012, selected authors will be invited to prepare a full version of their article for peer review. The due date for completed drafts of articles is February 1, 2013. Final article manuscripts ready for publication must be returned to the editors by Aug. 1, 2013. Those articles selected for publication after the peer review process will be included in issue 119 of Radical History Review, scheduled to appear in Spring 2014. The issue editors strongly encourage the submission of images or artwork to illustrate textual pieces, as well as photo or other visual essays. Please send any images as low-resolution digital files embedded in a Word document. If chosen for publication, authors will need to send separate, high-resolution images files (jpg or tif files at a minimum of 300 dpi), along with written permission to reprint all images.

Contact: contactrhr@gmail.com

Website: http://chnm.gmu.edu/rhr/calls.htm

Emilia Robin

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Making Moral Citizens. Democracy, Maturity and Authority in Postwar Western Europe

Making Moral Citizens. Democracy, Maturity and Authority in Postwar Western Europe

10-11 May 2012

Freiburg, FRIAS, Albertstr. 19, Seminarraum EG

Deadline for registrations: 8 May 2012


The workshop will focus on controversies over how to raise citizens in Europe after World War II. It aims to explore postwar European History in light of larger questions about the inherently fragile nature of democracy as a way of life. Even if struggles over legitimacy in democratic polities have long revolved around the idea of maturity (Mündigkeit), debates on the meaning of maturity and on ways to make mature citizens took on a particular urgency in postwar Western Europe.

After the end of World War II, elites and ordinary citizens in Western Europe reflected intensively on matters of education and childrearing. In these debates, Fascism and Nazism, war and genocide were interpreted as a “rupture with civilization,” a breach that seemed to call into ques-tion if not to invalidate liberal, conservative or socialist conceptions of morality and authority. The cataclysmic violence of the war years challenged any form of moral certainty. As a conse-quence, moral conflicts and dilemmas were at the heart of larger postwar European obsessions of how to establish stable democracies and avoid repeating the political breakdowns of the interwar period.

Utopian fantasies and dystopian fears about the political ramifications of private life have been central to how postwar Western Europeans imagined themselves as citizens. Debates about education, the family, and child-rearing served as key sites to negotiate the relationship between authority and democracy, maturity and delinquency, individual freedom and the common good. They essentially drew on the notion that the fate of postwar European democracies depended on the nurturing of moral sentiments and fostering of moral practices that would enable citizens to take on their role as bearers of democratic legitimacy. Through an analysis of these debates the workshop aims to encourage reflections on why the divide between the realm of politics and the private sphere has been more than usually unstable and contested in postwar Western Europe’s “Velvet Revolution” (Mark Lilla). Childrearing and education as fields in which the state increas-ingly aimed to shape practices often construed as private will be the main focus of the workshop. Against the background of anxieties over the future of the nation and of democracy in the wake of war and genocide, polities in postwar Europe struggled over the meaning and role of morality, responsibility, and maturity as educational goals. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s hopes for a better future that focused on the malleability of children and youth coexisted with concerns over their alleged gullibility. The highest political stakes seemed to ride on the question of how children and youth could and should be made into future democratic citizens. We are less interested in exploring the history of civic education (éducation civique, staatsbürgerliche Erziehung, educazione civica). Instead the workshop invites contributions that explore larger stories of entanglement between democracy as a way of life and concerns about education and child-rearing. It is about the making of moral citizens in the broadest sense.

The workshop aims to foster exchange between specialists in the history of education, child-hood, the family and youth and encourages them to develop comparative and transnational approaches to these questions. With a geographical focus on Western Europe we expect to be able to challenge and refine assumptions about the convergence of European societies, about the extent, limits and reasons of national peculiarities, as well as about frequently invoked notions such as “Americanization,” “Cold War Culture,” or “Youth Rebellion.” We also want to take seriously the idea, articulated by Jeffrey Herf and others, that the post-1945 era saw “multiple restorations”-not only forms of Christian conservatism, but also socialist, social democratic and liberal democratic impulses whose roots were internal to Western Europe.



9.00: Welcome and Introduction

Sonja Levsen (FRIAS/University of Freiburg) and Till van Rahden (FRIAS/University of Montréal)

9.20-12.00: Panel 1 – Making Citizens in War and Peace

Chair: Monika Wienfort (FRIAS/TU Berlin)

  • Richard Ivan Jobs (Pacific University): Democratic Stability through Transnational Mobility: The Travel of Youth in Postwar Western Europe
  • Ludivine Bantigny (University of Rouen): Making Soldiers and/or Making Citizens? The French Army and Youth during the Algerian War


13.45-17.40: Panel 2 – Teenagers into Citizens – Visions and Measures in Postwar Europe

Chair: Martin Geyer (FRIAS/University of Munich)

  • Louise Jackson (University of Edinburgh): Policing Youth in Postwar Britain

15.00-15.20: Coffee break

  • Efi Avdela (University of Crete): Youth ‘in Moral Danger’: Constructing a Social Category in post-Civil-War Greece
  • Christine Krüger (University of Oldenburg/FRIAS): Education for Service and Sacrifice. The Debate about the Introduction of Youth Community Service in West Germany, 1945-1965

17.45: Comment – Martin Conway (University of Oxford)





9.00-12.50 Panel 3 – Maturity, Democracy and the Nation

Chair: Peter Itzen (University of Freiburg)

  • Till Kössler (University of Bochum): Intelligence, Selection and Democracy. Psychological Debates after 1945
  • Daniella Doron (Colgate College): Rehabilitating Children and Rebuilding Nation: Jewish Youth in Postwar France
  • Marc Depaepe (University of Leuven): The Education of the So-called ‘Évolués’ in the Colonial and Postcolonial Era in Congo. Democracy, Maturity, and Authority in Times of Paternalism and Cultural Hybridity


14.30-17.15: Panel 4 – Contesting Authority, Defining Citizenship

Chair: Cornelius Torp (FRIAS/University of Halle)

  • Mieke Aerts (University of Amsterdam): Does Mature Have a Gender? Debates on Democratic Citizenship, Emancipation and Feminism in the Netherlands from the late 1950’s to the early 2010’s

15.40-16.00 Coffee break

  • Paul Ginsborg (University of Florence): ‘Civil Society’ and ‘Moral Citizens’: Resistance to Silvio Berlusconi in Italy, 2001-2011′

17.15: Comment: Michael Geyer (University of Chicago)


Final Discussion

Contact: jasmin.gauch@frias.uni-freiburg.de

For further information: https://www.frias.uni-freiburg.de/history/veranstaltungen/workshopvanRahden-Levsen/view?set_language=de

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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