Constructing the “Soviet”? Political Consciousness, Everyday Practices, New Identities

Constructing the “Soviet”? Political Consciousness, Everyday Practices, New Identities

St Petersburg, 20-21 April 2012

Deadline: 1st March 2012


Location: The European University at St Petersburg, Russian Federation

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union a generation of historians has grown up for whom the USSR is not so much personal memory but rather an object of study. Our annual conference provides an opportunity for undergraduate and graduate students to present their research on various aspects concerning the phenomenon of the “Soviet” alongside with comments by well-known academics: anthropologists, historians and sociologists. Previous conferences were supported by the French- Russian Center for the Humanities and Social Sciences and by the German Historical Institute in Moscow (DHI). Ten best papers of 2011 were published by DHI as a book.

At the conference in April 2012 we would like to discuss the following topics:

  • The development of the Soviet science and technology. Academic science: control and freedom of thought. Cult of invention and innovation. Scientific and technological cooperation and competition with foreign countries: joint projects, exchange of experts.
  • Conquest of space and time. The appropriation of space as a political project: great construction projects, cultivation of virgin land, conquest of the outer space. Mapping the “Soviet”: real and imaginary boundaries, resources and communication. Reorganization of the calendar: Soviet holidays and festivities.
  • Soviet material values. Asceticism and luxury, egalitarianism and elitism: struggle of opposites or peaceful coexistence? Standards of “good life” and their evolution.
  • Educating the “new man”: education, everyday life, leisure. Lifeworld of the Soviet activist and exemplary citizen. Pre-revolutionary practices in the Soviet life.
  • Mechanisms of administration. Vertical and horizontal communication of power, personnel and nomenclature policies, career ladder. “Soviet-style” decision making.
  • Glasnost’ and silence in the USSR. The boundaries of free speech: censorship, “spetskhran”, samizdat. The culture of “Soviet” reading and writing.

We invite undergraduate and Ph.D students specializing in the humanities and social sciences to send us their short papers to participate in the conference. No remote participation is possible. The conference language is Russian.

A collected volume containing the papers will be published by the beginning of the conference. The electronic version of last year’s collection is available at

Requirements for the papers: no more than 15 000 characters (including spaces, footnotes and bibliography); MS Word (versions 1997 to 2003), automatic footnotes. Please also include your contact information, university, department and year of education.

Deadline for submission of abstracts: March 1, 2012 at:

The European University at St.Petersburg can pay for transportation within Russia (railway tickets) and accommodation only for a part of the conference participants.

The CfP in Russian can be read at

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Anti-Western Ideological Trends in Post-Soviet Russia and Their Origins

Anti-Western Ideological Trends in Post-Soviet Russia and Their Origins

Russian “Forum”

Deadline: 15 February 2012


“Antizapadnye ideologicheskie techeniia v postsovetskoi Rossii i ikh istoki”, 6 [Anti-Western Ideological Trends in Post-Soviet Russia and Their Origins, no. 6] – within a series of special issues of the Russian web journal

“Forum noveishei vostochnoevropeiskoi istorii i kul’tury [Forum for Contemporary East European History and Culture ]” at

ZIMOS, the Institute for Central and East European Studies of The Catholic University of Eichstaett-Ingolstadt, in Upper Bavaria, invites research papers for the sixth special issue on Russian anti-Westernism of its interdisciplinary Russian-language web journal “Forum for Contemporary East European History and Culture” ( The Russian “Forum” has been published twice per year, since 2004, as a scholarly WWW periodical supplementing ZIMOS’s printed German-language “Forum für osteuropäische Ideen- und Zeitgeschichte”. See

We are currently publishing a series of special issues of the Russian “Forum” on anti-Western tendencies in Russia. The first five instalments of this project have during the last two years been published here:

The project’s origins, contents and rationale are briefly outlined in the introduction to the series of special issues under the title “Rastsvet russkogo ul’tranatsionalizma i stanovlenie soobshchestva ego issledovatelei” to be found here:

Among the authors who have been participating in this project, so far, are Marlene Laruelle (Washington, DC), Anastasia Mitrofanova (Moscow), John B. Dunlop (Stanford), Viktor Shnirelman (Moscow), Evgenii Moroz († 2011, St. Petersburg), Marina Peunova (Geneva), Anton Shekhovtsov (Sevastopol), Vadim Rossman (Bangkok), Mikhail Sokolov (St. Petersburg), Valery Senderov (Moscow), Boris Stepanov (Moscow), Martin Beisswenger (Notre Dame), Stefan Wiederkehr (Berlin), Alan Ingram (London), Aleksandr Kuz’min (Syktyvkar), Mikhail Suslov (Uppasala), Arthur Vafin (Moscow), Emil’ Pain (Moscow), Frank Gruener (Heidelberg), Ilya Yablokov (Manchester), Nikolai Sainakov (Tomsk), Michael Kirkwood (Glasgow), Martin Mueller (St. Gallen), Irina Trotsuk (Moscow), Oxana Pakhlevska (Rome), Markus Mathyl (Passau) and Alexander Verkhovsky (Moscow).

Further authors who have earlier contributed to, or have recently agreed to provide papers or essays for, the “Forum” related to the topic of Russian anti-Westernism are Ludmila Dymerskaia-Tsigel´man (Jerusalem), Alexander Yanov (New York), Alexander J. Motyl (New Brunswick), Roger D. Griffin (Oxford), Olga Malinova (Moscow), Vladimir Kantor (Moscow), Andrey Kazantsev (Moscow), Assen Ignatov († 2003, Cologne), Alexander Vatlin (Moscow), Ekaterina Dais (Moscow), Sergei Magaril (Moscow), and Boris Khavkin (Moscow).

We are still accepting suitable submissions for the following 6th special issue, and are especially interested in papers focussing on specific or understudied sub-themes within the general issue of anti-Western tendencies in current Russia. For instance, we will have a sub-section on post-Soviet ultra-nationalist tendencies in comparative perspective, i.e. in juxtaposition to similar tendencies in Belarusand Ukraine.

We require properly footnoted, scholarly researched, well-structured, and thoroughly edited texts with a length of no less than 4,000 and no more than 14,000 words. Papers should be based on primary as well as secondary sources, which are fully listed in the footnotes.

We are not only interested in original papers that have not been published. We are happy to re-publish papers that might have been printed in Russian or other languages before, but are, so far, not available in Russian language, on the WWW. In the case that a paper has been published in Russian language before, in a printed edition (journal, collected volume) only, authors will have to provide an explicit permission, by the editors of the periodical or book where the article originally appeared, for re-publication as a PDF file in our web journal.

Papers accepted content-wise for publication will only be published in case of a proper adaptation of its linguistic quality and formal style (footnotes, headings, references, citations etc.) to the standards of the “Forum” by the author/s, by 15 February 2012. Please, use this text as a model with regard to the formal style required of the final editions of the papers to be prepared for publication:

All versions of the papers should be submitted as MS Word Documents.

For authors who wish to publish an English-, German- or Ukrainian-language text on the special issue’s topic in Russian language, we can provide qualified Russian translating services. Unfortunately, however, the costs for this translation will have to borne fully by the author her- or himself. In addition, after the provision of a draft translation by our expert-translator, authors will be required to carefully check the translated Russian draft version, before the translator produces the final version of the text for print.

The translator will, after delivering a satisfactory final version of the translation, have to be paid, by the author/s, EUR0.07 per word of the English, German or Ukrainian original version of the article, i.e., for instance, EUR350.00 for a 5,000-word article. (This word count includes also non-Russian bibliographical literature listed in the footnotes that will not be translated into Russian or transcribed in Cyrillic, yet the formal style of which will be adapted to the format of the “Forum” by the translator.) The copyright of the Russian version of the article remains with the translator until the author has made payment for the translation.

Authors of texts that have been published in English, German or Ukrainian before are advised to clarify with the editors of the periodical, book, or non-Russian web site where the paper originally appeared whether re-publication in a Russian-language web journal is permissible. The editors of the “Forum” will not take responsibility for any violations of copyright.

Please, submit your text until either 1 January 2012(non-Russian papers), or 1 February 2012(Russian papers), as an MS Word Document, to: (with cc to or as a hard copy to:

Dr. Andreas Umland
German Embassy
vul. Bohdana Khmelnitskoho, 25

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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L’anticommunisme dans les premières années de la RFA

Antikommunismus in der frühen Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zur politischen Kultur im Kalten Krieg

3-5 novembre 2011
Date limite d’inscription : 28 octobre 2011


Die Wurzeln des Antikommunismus in Deutschland reichen zurück bis in die Weimarer Republik und ins “Dritte Reich”. In der frühen Bundesrepublik erfuhr er eine neue Ausprägung: Er bezog seine Legitimität aus dem ideologischen Konflikt zwischen parlamentarischer Demokratie im Westen und Staatssozialismus im Osten – und fügte sich nahtlos in das zeitweise von den USA praktizierte Konzept des “roll back” ein, mit dem der kommunistische Einfluss weltweit zurückgedrängt werden sollte. Die Deutschlandforschertagung liefert Beiträge zur politischen Kultur der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in den 1950er- und 1960er-Jahren, zur deutsch-deutschen Beziehungs-, Verflechtungs- und Abgrenzungsgeschichte und zur Geschichte des Kalten Krieges. Thema ist auch die Transformation der Forschungsergebnisse in die breite politische Bildung.

Donnerstag, 3.11.2011


14.30-14.55 Uhr: Antikommunismus als Querschnittsphänomen politischer Kultur, 1917-1945 (Andreas Wirsching, IfZ)

14.55-15.20 Uhr: Internationale Dimension: Der Kalte Krieg als Katalysator (Bernd Greiner, Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung)

16.15-16.40 Uhr: Institutionelle Voraussetzungen: Apparate und politische Konzeptionen (Heike Amos, IfZ)

16.40-17.05 Uhr: Kampf um die westdeutsche Öffentlichkeit: Von den Westreisen zu den Unterschriftenaktionen (Dierk Hoffmann, IfZ)

17.05-17.30 Uhr: Wahrnehmung des westdeutschen Antikommunismus durch die SED/DDR (Michael Lemke, Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung, Potsdam)

Freitag, 4.11.2011


09.00-09.25 Uhr: Kampf gegen den inneren Feind: Gesamtdeutsches Ministerium, Innenministerium und Bundeskanzleramt (Stefan Creuzberger, Historisches Institut, Universität Potsdam)

09.25-09.50 Uhr: Alte Expertise in neuen Diensten: Das Auswärtige Amt und der Antikommunismus (Lars Lüdicke, Historisches Institut, Universität Potsdam)

09.50-10.15 Uhr: Private und staatliche Nachrichtendienste: Anfänge, Gemeinsamkeiten und Konkurrenz (Wolfgang Buschfort, Bocholt)

11.25-11.50 Uhr: Antikommunismus zwischen Wissenschaft und Politik: Bundeszentrale für Heimatdienst und Ostkolleg (Hans-Georg Golz, bpb Bonn/ Rüdiger Thomas, Bergisch Gladbach)

11.50-12.15 Uhr: “Wir wählen die Freiheit!” Antikommunistisches Denken und politisches Handeln Konrad Adenauers (Corinna Franz, Stiftung Bundeskanzler-Adenauer-Haus, Rhöndorf)

14.30-14.55 Uhr: Politische Pressuregroups: Flüchtlings- und Vertriebenenorganisationen (Michael Schwartz, IfZ)

14.55-15.20 Uhr: Kalter Krieg und Klerus: Kirchen zwischen traditionellem Antikommunismus und gesamtdeutschem Anspruch (Thomas Brechenmacher, Historisches Institut, Universität Potsdam)

16.10-16.35 Uhr: Politik der Befreiung? Private Organisationen des Kalten Krieges (Bernd Stöver, Historisches Institut, Universität Potsdam)

16.35-17.00 Uhr: Politische Justiz und Staatsschutz: Zwischen antikommunistischer Gesetzgebung und KPD-Verbot 1956 (Till Kössler, Historisches Institut, LMU München)

17.00-17.25 Uhr: Wirtschafts- und Arbeitswelten: Orte antikommunistischer Abwehrkämpfe (Dietmar Süß, Historisches Institut, Universität Jena)

Samstag, 5.11.2011


09.00-09.25 Uhr: Freie Stimme der freien Welt? Antikommunismus in Rundfunk und Film der frühen Bundesrepublik (Christoph Classen, Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung, Potsdam)

09.25-09.50 Uhr: Verleger und Netzwerker im Dienste des Antikommunismus: Joseph Caspar Witsch (Frank Möller, Köln)

10.50-11.15 Uhr: Intellektuelle und Antikommunismus: Der Kongress für kulturelle Freiheit (Dominik Geppert, Historisches Institut, Universität Bonn)

11.15-11.40 Uhr: “Dein Päckchen nach drüben”: Antikommunismus für Jedermann (Rainer Gries, Universität Wien)

12.10-12.35 Uhr: DDR-Westarbeit und Antikommunismus in der Bonner Republik:Fazit und Forschungsperspektiven (Hermann Wentker, IfZ)

Kontakt: Hannelore Georgi (

IfZ Abteilung Berlin, Finckensteinallee 85-87, 12205 Berlin
+49 (0) 30 843705-0


Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung (bpb); Institut für Zeitgeschichte (IfZ) München/Berlin; Lehrstuhl für Neuere Geschichte I des Historischen Instituts der Universität Potsdam; in Verbindung mit dem Deutschland Archiv

Ort: Königswinter, Arbeitnehmer-Zentrum Königswinter (AZK), Johannes-Albers-Allee 3, 53639 Königswinter

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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A new ‘generation’ of democratic politicians? Models of political and social progress in Germany, France, and Italy

A new ‘generation’ of democratic politicians? Models of political and social progress in Germany, France, and Italy between dictatorship and the Cold War

18-19 April 2012, Rome

Deadline: 15 November 2011


How did the experience of autocratic government inform the way in which politicians developed new policies in Germany, France, and Italy after the end of World War II? What conclusions did politicians draw from their past experiences with totalitarianism? Did a new “generation” of leaders with shared democratic ideas gain the leading positions of these countries? Or did some of them already have experiences with democratic structures that were made prior to the dictatorships? Did any kind of exchange, transfer, or international collaboration exist or did politicians act exclusively within their particular national context?  Finally: Was the experience with totalitarian regimes kept alive in public memory and did people try to develop and implement progressive, forward-looking ideas of social organisation?

Another aspect of great importance is the relationship between the post-war elites and the army.  Which positions did each of them take regarding a demilitarisation and remilitarisation? What role did the army play in developing plans for the future? Taking these central questions as a starting point one can raise specific issues about each respective country, which will reflect the contrast between the occupied and collaborating states of France and Italy on the one hand and Nazi Germany on the other. What role did the two dictatorial experiences, namely first with fascism and then with National Socialism, play for Italy?

In the case of France, one must bear in mind the experience of the popular front, the bringing into discredit of the counterrevolutionary right by Vichy and the disappearance of the “deux France” after the Second World War. Regarding the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR, we should examine whether the resulting conflict between the two systems was of greater importance to their development than the previous experience under the Nazi dictatorship.

The workshop aims to provide some initial answers to these questions. It also strives to analyse whether the year 1945 should be regarded as a break with the past or as the beginning of a phase of continuity in Germany, France, and Italy in terms of how they envisioned a democratic society. Comparative studies which contribute to a better understanding of young post-war democracies by showing the similarities and differences of the ways in which former dictatorships affected modern states will be particularly welcome. If possible, papers should cover the period between 1945 and 1960.

The workshop will be held in English.  A publication of the contributions is planned. The keynote address will be given by Prof. Dr. Andreas Wirsching, director of the Institute for Contemporary History Munich-Berlin. Please send your abstracts (not more than 500 words) and a short CV no later than November 15th 2011 to Notice of acceptance will be made by December 15th.  The costs of travel, accommodation and conference expenses will be covered.

Contact: Jens Späth (

Via Aurelia Antica, 391
I-00165 Rom, Italien
+39 06 66049267
39 06 6623838

Conveners: German Historical Institute, Rome; German Historical Institute, Paris

Venue: Rome, German Historical Institute, Via Aurelia Antica, 391, 00165 Rome

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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‘Reform Communism’ since 1945 in comparative historical perspective

‘Reform Communism’ since 1945 in Comparative Historical Perspective

22-23 october 2011



The collapse of the USSR and the Eastern bloc in the wake of Gorbachev’s perestroika seemed to show that communism was essentially unreformable.  It could be preserved, dismantled, or overthrown, but it could not be reconstructed as a viable alternative to capitalism, free from the defects of its Leninist-Stalinist prototype.

Prior to 1989-91, however, reform communism was a live political issue in many countries. At different times in countries as diverse as Yugoslavia, the USSR, Czechoslovakia, Western Europe, Japan, and China, the leaderships of communist parties themselves sought to change direction, re-evaluate their own past, correct mistakes and so on with the aim of cleansing, strengthening and improving communism, rather than undermining or dismantling it. In countries ruled by communist parties this process usually involved political relaxation and an easing of repression, and was often accompanied by an upsurge of intellectual and cultural ferment.

The aim of this conference is to consider reform communism as a distinct phenomenon, which can usefully be distinguished from, on the one hand, mere changes of line or leader without any engagement with a party’s own past and the assumptions which underpinned it, and on the other, dissenting and oppositional activity within and outside parties which failed to change the party’s direction.

Attendance of the conference will be free of charge, but we ask that anyone wishing to attend registers in advance by emailing Francis King on and/or Matthias Neumann on at School of History, UEA, Norwich NR4 7TJ. Any enquiries should be addressed to us.

Saturday 22 October


10.30 – registration, coffee

11.00-12.45 – Session 1

  • Francis King, UEA, Socialist History Society: Welcome and introduction, and survey: “Defining ‘Reform Communism'”
  • Marina V. Khmelnitskaya, Oxford: “Housing policy in the late Soviet period: ideational transformation, the policy process and the struggle for power”
  • Graham Taylor, London: “Reform communism compared with 17th century movements”

12.45-1.45 – lunch

1.45-3.30 – Session 2

  • Marko Fucek, Zagreb: “Tito’s Youth: Titoism and its Application through People’s Youth Organization, 1948-1952”
  • Jana George, Jena: “Socially critical films in the 1960s/70s in Yugoslavia from a historical perspective”
  • Katalin Miklossy, Helsinki: “Interactive Socialism: Institutional reformism in the Eastern Bloc”

3.30-4.00 – coffee

4.00-5.45 – Session 3

  • Hans Asenbaum, Vienna: “Reform Communism from below-Alternative Democratic Ideas of the Russian Informal Movement during the Perestroika Period”
  • Vasil Paraskevov, Shumen: “The Decline of Socialism in Bulgaria: Mikhail Gorbachev, Todor Zhivkov and the Soviet Perestroika, 1985-1989”
  • Nevena Stoyanova Vlaykova, Oxford: “The Prague Spring and the season that never came-Bulgaria’s reflection of the invasion in Czechoslovakia in 1968”
  • Dieter Segert, Vienna: “Communist reformers as a major driving force of changes in late East Central European Socialism-a comparison”


Sunday 23 October

9.00 –  coffee

9.30-11.15 – Session 4

  • Bálint Mezei, Budapest: “The ideological birth of Eurocommunism-the Prague spring in Czechoslovakia and the new economic mechanism in Hungary”
  • György Péteri, Trondheim: “‘Acquisitive Society’ and State Socialism.  Lifestyle Issues and Consumerism in the Policies and Discursive Practices of Kádárist Hungary”
  • András Pintér, Budapest: “How theory and practice interact in socialism”
  • Nigel Swain, Liverpool: “Research Institutes in Late Kádár-Era Hungary”

11.15-11.30 – coffee

11.30-1.15 – Session 5

  • Daniel Gordon, Edge Hill: “The French Communist Party and Immigration, 1961-1981: Failure or Success?”
  • Sebastian Seng, Mainz: “The Relations between the East German (SED) and Spanish Communist Parties (PCE) from 1971 to 1978”
  • Hugo Radice, Leeds: “Marxist dissidents in Eastern Europe and their critical analyses of ‘actually existing socialism’ in the 1960s and 1970s”

1.15-2.15 – lunch

2.15-4.00 – Session 6

  • Pat Devine, Manchester: “Reform Communism: A Personal Memoir from within the CPGB”
  • Andrew Pearmain, Norwich: “The uses and abuses of Gramsci”
  • David Purdy, “Transforming and Transcending Capitalism: Reflections on the Eurocommunist Experience”
  • Mike Waite, Rossendale, SHS: “Was reform communism possible?”

4.00-4.30 – Summary and conclusion
Organizers: School of History, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR47TJ, United Kingdom

Venue: Norwich, Room 3.26, Arts Building II, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR47TJ

Contact: Matthias Neumann (


Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Les dimensions transnationales de l’anticommunisme de guerre froide

Les dimensions transnationales de l’anticommunisme de guerre froide : actions, réseaux, transferts

Université de Fribourg

26-29 octobre 2011


Alors que la lutte contre le communisme pendant la guerre froide est souvent associée à une «croisade», sur laquelle plane par ailleurs l’ombre – la «main invisible» – des États-Unis et de leurs services secrets (CIA), et que l’historiographie de ces dernières années a beaucoup étudié des aspects tels que la guerre psychologique et la diplomatie culturelle, tout en développant le concept d’histoire transnationale, le moment semble venu de faire le point sur la part de «transnationalité» de l’anticommunisme. Dans quelle mesure celui-ci a-t-il été réellement concerté, coordonné et ramifié de manière transnationale? Quelles interactions et interdépendances observe-t-on entre les différents types d’anticommunisme à l’échelle européenne et transatlantique? Quelles ont été les dynamiques de transfert à l’oeuvre tant au niveau des pratiques que des idées? Quels réseaux et quelles configurations enjambant les frontières le combat contre le «péril rouge» a-t-il engendrés? Comment se sont articulées activités clandestines et publiques, privées et étatiques? Telles sont les principales questions auxquelles des spécialistes européens et américains tenteront d’apporter des réponses, en se penchant sur tout l’éventail des connexions hétérogènes qui se sont manifestées dans le cadre de la lutte anticommuniste. Ainsi le colloque vise-t-il à rendre compte des accomplissements aussi bien que des limites de la «solidarité anticommuniste occidentale» durant la guerre froide.



17.15 – Ouverture du colloque

17.30 – KEY-NOTE. Giles SCOTT-SMITH (Université de Leiden et Roosevelt Study Center à Middleburg) : Tracking the Bear? Anticommunism and the Transnational Imperative

18.30 – Discussion

19.00 – Vin d’honneur de la Chancellerie de l’État de Fribourg (Hall Mosaïque)



9.00 – Accueil par les organisateurs

9.25-11.45 – PANEL I : FIGURES

Modération : Brigitte Studer (Université de Berne)

  • Bernard LUDWIG (Université de Paris 1) : «Dr. Anti» : Eberhard Taubert, de l’Antikomintern au Volksbund für Frieden und Freiheit (VFF)
  • Olivier DARD (Université de Metz) : Suzanne Labin, cinquante ans d’«expertise» anticommuniste

10.10 – Discussion
10.30 – Pause

  • Pierre ABRAMOVICI (journaliste et IHEAL Paris 3 Sorbonne) : Stefano Delle Chiaie, combattant de l’anticommunisme ou terroriste d’extrême-droite? Mythe et réalité
  • Luc VAN DONGEN (Université de Fribourg) : «Brother Tronchet», un leader syndical suisse dans l’orbite des États-Unis

11.25 – Discussion

11.45 – Repas


Modération : Damir Skenderovic (Université de Fribourg)

  • Daniele GANSER (Université de Bâle) : Der internationale Kontext der NATO Geheimarmeen und der Terroranschlag in München 1980
  • Peer Henrik HANSEN (Cold War Museum Langelandsfort de Rudkøbing) : «How to Dismantle a Communist Party From the Inside» : Anti-Communism and Danish-US Intelligence Operations 1947-1963

14.55 – Discussion
15.15 – Pause


Modération : Claude Hauser (Université de Fribourg)

  • Mikael NILSSON (Chercheur indépendant) : Herbert Tingsten and the Congress for Cultural Freedom : the Intellectual History of the «Death of Ideology» Thesis in Sweden
  • Maren ROTH (Amerika-Institut Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität de Munich) Melvin Lasky – ein intellektueller Agent im kulturellen Kalten Krieg

16.15 – Discussion

  • Nicolas STENGER (Université de Genève) : Anticommuniste parce que chrétien : Denis de Rougemont et le Congrès pour la liberté de la culture
  • Paola CARLUCCI (Scuola Normale Superiore de Pise) : «Tempo Presente» (1956-1968) : A Transnational Journal in Italy

17.15-17.35 – Discussion




Modération : Stéphanie Roulin (Université de Fribourg)

  • Markku RUOTSILA (Université de Helsinki) : Transnational Fundamentalist Anticommunism : The International Council of Christian Churches
  • Johannes GROSSMANN (Université de Sarre) : Ein «christliches Kominform»?  Das Comité International de Défense de la Civilisation Chrétienne

9.45 – Discussion
10.05 – Pause

  • Bent BOEL (Université d’Aalborg) : Bible Smuggling and Human Rights in the Soviet Bloc during the Cold War
  • Matthieu GILLABERT (Université de Fribourg) : La soviétologie fribourgeoise de Józef M. Bochenski (1955-1965)

11.00 – Discussion
11.20 – Repas


Modération : Alain Clavien (Université de Fribourg)

  • Hugh WILFORD (California State University de Long Beach) : The American Society of African Culture : The CIA and Transnational Networks of African Diaspora Intellectuals in the Cold War
  • Tity DE VRIES (Université de Groningen) : Not An Ugly American – a Dutch Reporter As Agent of the West in Africa
  • Simona TOBIA (journaliste et Université de Reading) : How the USA Conquered the RAI : the Transnational Struggle on Short-Waves, 1945-1956

14.35 – Discussion
14.55 – Pause


Modération : Thomas David (Université de Lausanne)

  • Valérie AUBOURG (Université de Cergy-Pontoise) : L’atlantisme comme antidote du communisme : le cas du groupe de Bilderberg dans les années 1950-1960
  • Niels BJERRE-POULSEN (University of Southern Denmark) : Abandoning the Road to Serfdom : The Mont Pelerin Society and the Reconstruction of Postwar Germany
  • Adrian HÄNNI (Université de Zurich) : A Global Crusade against Communism: The Cercle and the 6I in the 1980s

16.15 – Discussion



9.00 – Accueil par les organisateurs


Modération : Jean-François Fayet (Université de Genève)

  • Nick RUTTER (Université de Yale) : Prohibit, Mimic, Torment, Engage?  Anti-Communist Answers to the World Youth Festival, 1947-1973
  • Karen M. PAGET (Chercheuse indépendante) : Liberation Politics and US National Security Objectives during the Cold War : Students, Covert Action and the Case of Algeria

9.55 – Discussion
10.15 – Pause

10.30-12.00 – PANEL VIII: ÉMIGRÉS

Modération : Lubor Jílek (Centre d’archives européennes de Coppet)

  • Bernard WIADERNY (Friedrich-Meinecke-Institut Freie Universität de Berlin) : Der Kongress für kulturelle Freiheit und die polnische Pariser Exilzeitschrift «Kultura»
  • Gergely FEJÉRDY (Université Catholique Pázmány Péter de Budapest) : Les Hongrois en émigration et la construction européenne comme outil de lutte contre le communisme au début de la Guerre Froide

11h15 – Discussion
11.35 – Conclusion
12.00 – Fin du colloque et buffet dînatoire (Hall Mosaïque)

Contact et information : Dr Grzegorz Sienkiewicz, assistant de colloque (

Organisation :

  • Département des Sciences Historiques – Histoire contemporaine – Université de Fribourg : Prof. Claude Hauser, Prof. Damir Skenderovic, Dr Luc van Dongen (FNS Ambizione), Dr Stéphanie Roulin; Assistant de colloque : Dr Grzegorz Sienkiewicz
  • Institute for History, Université de Leiden (Pays-Bas) : Prof. Giles Scott-Smith

Partenaires. Les organisateurs remercient les institutions suivantes pour leur généreux soutien financier : Faculté des Lettres de l’Université de Fribourg -Fondation Pierre Du Bois (Genève) -Fonds national suisse de la recherche scientifiques -Gebert Rüf Stiftung (Zurich/Bâle) et Institut interfacultaire d’Europe orientale et centrale (Université de Fribourg) -Institute for History de l’Université de Leiden (Pays-Bas) -Rectorat de l’Université de Fribourg -Secrétariat d’État à l’éducation et à la recherche.

Renseignements :

Programme détaillé et plans d’accès

Emilia Robin

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Public Relations of the Cold War

Public Relations of the Cold War

Cambridge, 2-3 décembre 2011

Date limite : 15 septembre 2011

The conference committee invites proposals for single papers or complete session panels related to the public relations of the Cold War. The conference seeks to examine the ‘selling’ of Cold War-motivated policies to national audiences during the second half of the twentieth century.  While increasing attention has been paid to the public diplomacy of the Cold War, less attention has been dedicated to how governments sold policies to their own domestic public. This conference aims to stimulate innovative and interdisciplinary thinking and dialogue on this topic and to reach out to new networks of interest and new publics.

Topics of exploration might include international security, globalization, communications, civil and human rights, identity, nationalism, ideology, among myriad others. Papers on any topic related to the conference theme are welcome.

Eligibility: Faculty and graduate students

Deadline: The deadline for proposals is 15 September 2011. Respond via email to with your name, institution, title, email address, proposed paper title, a 150-word abstract, and curriculum vitae. Please put “Conference Proposal” in your subject line. The conference paper itself should be a maximum of  3000 words in length, not including endnotes and bibliography. Presentations will be limited to 20 minutes.


  • Hannah Higgin (University of Cambridge)
  • Mark Miller (University of Cambridge)
  • Martin Albers (University of Cambridge)
  • Zhong Zhong Chen (LSE)

University of Cambridge, Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities

Contact: Hannah Higgin (PhD Candidate), Faculty of History, University of Cambridge;

Emilia Robin

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De l’URSS à la Russie (1929-2011)

Madame Françoise Thom Mamulia soutiendra  son Habilitation à diriger des recherches (Université de Paris IV) sur le sujet suivant :


De l’URSS à la Russie (1929-2011). Politique intérieure, politique étrangère, les imbrications


lundi 27 juin 2011 à 9h00, en Sorbonne, salle des Actes, Centre administratif de la Sorbonne, 1 rue Victor Cousin, 75230 Paris cedex 05

Jury : M. Berelowitch (Genève), M. Besançon (EHESS), M. Bussière (Paris IV), M. Forcade (Paris IV), Mme Mouradian (EHESS), M. Soutou (Paris IV).


Contact :  Françoise Thom (

Emilia Robin

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Sots-Speak: Regimes of Language under Socialism

Sots-Speak: Regimes of Language under Socialism

20-22 mai 2011


The attempt to build communism in Eastern Europe was accompanied by the development of a distinctive language paradigm, first in the Soviet Union, then—by a process of cultural translation and local adaptation—in the satellite states of the Socialist Bloc. The official discourse possessed its own “speech genres” (tied to specific communicative contexts, social roles, and political tasks), easily recognizable rhetorical patterns and lexical peculiarities. It is intuitively obvious that this discourse, which we provisionally label sots-speak, was instrumental in legitimizing and perpetuating the political system, in shaping individual psychologies and cultural expressions. However, our knowledge of its exact nature and practical existence remains sketchy, as the topic still awaits systematic research. The aim of this conference is to bring together scholars whose work helps shed light on the politico-ideological idiom(s) of state socialism, so that we can begin to develop a sophisticated, multi-layered picture of this special universe of discourse. A deeper understanding of its constitutive linguistic features and the tendencies that define its evolution represents a major desideratum on its own; yet we see this understanding as prerequisite for engaging in questions of broader cultural significance and soliciting a range of (inter)disciplinary inquiries (sociolinguistics, social psychology, anthropology, philosophy, cultural and literary studies, political science, etc.).

20 May 2011

12.30 – Welcome Address

12.45-2.45 – Panel 1: Linguistic Anatomies

  • Konstantin Bogdanov (Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg) : “Soviet Language Culture in the Light of Ethnolinguistics”
  • Anastasia Smirnova (Ohio State U) : “Aligning Language to Ideology: A Socio-Semantic Analysis of Communist and Democratic Discourse in Bulgaria”
  • Calin Morar Vulcu (Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj) : “From Subject to Object of Description: Classes in Romanian State-Socialist Discourse”

Chair: Olga Hasty (Princeton U)
Discussant: Mirjam Fried (Czech Academy of Sciences)

3.00-5.15 – Panel 2: Making Things with Words

  • Choi Chatterjee (California State U, Los Angeles) : “Lady in Red: Bolshevik Feminism in the American Imagination, 1917-1939”
  • Samantha Sherry (U of Edinburgh) : “‘Bird Watchers of the World, Unite!’ The Language of Ideology in Soviet Translation”
  • Jessie Labov (Ohio State U) : “The Puzzle of the Yugoslav Nationalist/ Dissident from Helsinki to Dayton”
  • Alyssa DeBlasio (Dickinson College) : “Philosophical Rhetoric and Istoriia russkoi filosofii”

Chair: David Bellos (Princeton U)
Discussant: Irena Grudzinska Gross (Princeton U)
5.30-6.45 – Keynote address: Jochen Hellbeck (Rutgers U), “The Language of Soviet Experience and Its Meanings”

7.00 – Reception

21 May 2011

9.00-11.00 – Panel 3: Speaking Stalinese

  • Carol Any (Trinity College) : “Public and Private Speech Genres in the Soviet Writers’ Union under Stalin”
  • Ilya Venyavkin (Russian State University for the Humanities) : “Mystical Insight under Socialism: The Language of Political Confessions in the late 1930-s”
  • Anastasia Ryabchuk (National U of Kyiv Mohyla Academy) : “Parasites, Asocials, and Work-Shy: Discursive Construction of Homelessness and Vagrancy in the USSR”

Chair: Petre Petrov (Princeton U)
Discussant: Jochen Hellbeck (Rutgers U)

11.15-1.15 – Panel 4: Figures of Rhetoric

  • Elena Gapova (Western Michigan U / European Humanities U) : “The Party Solemnly Proclaims: the Present Generation of Soviet People Shall Live in Communism”: The Rhetoric of Utopia in Krushchev Era”
  • Karen Petrone (U of Kentucky) : “Afghanistan and the New Discourse of War in the Late Soviet Era”
  • Yulia Minkova (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State) : “Our Man in Chile, or Victor Jara’s Posthumous Life in Soviet Media and Popular Culture”

Chair: Ellen Chances (Princeton U)
Discussant: Eliot Borenstein (New York U)


2.30-4.45 – Panel 5: On the Literary Front

  • Maria Kisel (Lawrence U) : “Satirical and Philosophical Dimensions of Sots-speak in Andrei Platonov’s Fiction”
  • Natalia Skradol (Hebrew U / Ben Gurion University of the Negev) : “The Evolution of the Soviet Bestiary: Satirical Fables from Bednyi to Mikhalkov”
  • Eva Cermanova (U of Aberdeen) : “The Diktat of Language: Bureaucratic Paranoia in Havel’s Memorandum”
  • Baktyul Aliev (McGill U) : “Visuality in V. Narbikova’s Okolo ekolo”

Chair: Emily Van Buskirk (Rutgers U)
Discussant: Helena Goscilo (Ohio State U)

5.00-6.15 – Media Presentation: Vitaly Komar, “Word and Image: The Duality of Sots-Art”

6.30 – Dinner (Prospect House)

22 May 2011

9.00-11.15 – Panel 6: Practices of Language

  • Jonathan Larson (U of Iowa) : “Sentimental Kritika: Hazardous Dialectics and Deictics in Socialist Criticism”
  • James RobertsonNew York U) : “Speaking Titoism: Non-Alignment and the Language Regime of Yugoslav Socialism”
  • Suzanne Cohen (Temple U) : “In and Out of Frame: The Soviet Training as Sots-Speak”
  • Julia Lerner and Claudia Zbenovich (Ben Gurion University of the Negev / Hadassah College of Jerusalem) : “Talk and Dress: Adapting the Therapeutic Paradigm to Post-Soviet Speak”

Chair: Margaret Beissinger (Princeton U)
Discussant: Anna Katsnelson (Princeton U)

11.30-1.30 – Panel 7: Discursive Remnants

  • Maria Rives (Yale U) : “Authoritative Discourse in Post-Authoritarian Russia”
  • Lara Ryazanova-Clarke (U of Edinburgh) : “Stalinism as an Auteur Project: Meta Sots-Speak in Contemporary Russian Public Discourse”
  • Gasan Gusejnov (Moscow State U) : “On the Vitality of Artificial, or Stalin’s Rhetoric Revisited”

Chair: Rossen Djagalov (Yale U)

Discussant: Caryl Emerson (Princeton U)

Venue : Princeton University, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, 219 Aaron Burr Hall

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Emilia Robin

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La politique étrangère de l’URSS et des démocraties populaires après 1945

La politique étrangère de l’URSS et des démocraties populaires après 1945

27-28 mai 2011


Depuis deux décennies, l’historiographie des relations Est-Ouest a été bouleversée non seulement par les conséquences de l’effondrement du bloc soviétique, qui a modifié les perspectives, mais aussi par un accès de plus en plus large aux archives tant en Occident que dans les ex-Pays de l’Est.

Ce colloque a pour ambition de faire le point sur les connaissances nouvelles – en se fondant sur les mémoires des participants et les nouvelles publications ainsi que sur les archives russes et centre-européennes récemment ouvertes – concernant les politiques étrangères de l’URSS et des démocraties populaires après 1945. Il s’agit de sortir d’une historiographie qui a longtemps été dominée par l’idéologie et les enjeux géostratégiques.

Une première partie sera consacrée à l’étude de la politique extérieure soviétique, non seulement de ses mécanismes, mais aussi de ses zones d’influence et d’intérêt; la seconde à celle des démocraties populaires, en s’interrogeant en particulier sur l’autonomie et la spécificité éventuelles de ces politiques.

Le colloque est co-organisé dans le cadre de l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne et de la revue Relations internationales, avec le soutien de l’UMR IRICE 8138 et de l’Institut d’histoire des relations internationales contemporaines (IHRIC), par André Liebich (IHEID, Genève), Antoine Marès (co-directeur de la revue Relations internationales) et Marie-Pierre Rey (Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne). La publication des actes aura lieu dans les numéros 147 et 148 de la revue Relations internationales, à paraître en automne 2011 et en hiver 2011-2012.

Vendredi 27 mai 2011, 9h00–12h30

Présidence : Georges-Henri SOUTOU, membre de l’Institut

Introduction : André LIEBICH (IHEID, Genève), Antoine MARÈS (Paris 1)

  • Jacques LÉVESQUE (UQAM, université du Québec, Montréal) : «Les spécificités de la politique extérieure soviétique en Europe de l’Est, de 1945 à 1989»
  • Jean-François FAYET (département d’Histoire générale de la faculté de Lettres de l’université de Genève) : «Le 9 mai contre le 7 novembre : concurrence commémorative et nouvelle légitimé internationale de l’URSS»
  • Pauline GALLINARI (université Paris VIII) : «Une offensive cinématographique soviétique au lendemain de la Seconde Guerre mondiale? Les enjeux du retour du cinéma soviétique sur les écrans français dans l’après-guerre»
  • Mikhail LIPKIN (Institut d’histoire universelle, Moscou) : «Avril 1952, la conférence des économistes à Moscou, changement de tactique ou innovation dans la politique extérieure stalinienne»
  • Sabine DULLIN (université Paris 1) : «Un espace socialiste derrière le rideau de fer? La politique soviétique des frontières, années 1950-1960»

Vendredi 27 mai 2011, 14 h – 17 h 30

Présidence : Robert FRANK, directeur de l’UMR IRICE

  • Céline MARANGÉ (Institut d’études politiques de Paris) : «De la coopération à la rivalité : Moscou, Pékin et le Tiers-Monde de la victoire des communistes chinois au rapprochement sino-américain (1949-1971)»
  • André KOZOVOÏ (université Lille 3) : «La diplomatie culturelle soviétique à l’époque de Brejnev (1965-1972)»
  • Marie-Pierre REY (université Paris 1) : «L’Europe dans la politique extérieure soviétique, de Brejnev à Gorbatchev»
  • André LIEBICH (IHEID, Genève) : «Les promesses faites à Gorbatchev : l’avenir des alliances au crépuscule de la Guerre froide»
  • Irène HERMANN (université de Genève) : «Les relations helvético-soviétiques au moment de l’effondrement de l’URSS : la perspective humanitaire»

Samedi 28 mai 2011, 9 h00–13 h00

Présidence : Catherine Durandin, professeur à l’INALCO

  • Christian WENKEL (Institut historique allemand de Paris) : «En quête permanente d’une reconnaissance internationale. La politique étrangère de la RDA et ses marges de manœuvre»
  • Lubor JILEK (Institut européen de l’université de Genève) : «L’observatoire de Maisons-Laffitte : la politique étrangère de Moscou aux yeux du mensuel Kultura»
  • Aniko MACHER (IEP de Paris) : «Les affaires culturelles internationales hongroises entre tutelle soviétique et intérêt national»
  • Petr ZIDEK (Prague) : «Le pragmatisme contre l’idéologie : la Tchécoslovaquie communiste et l’Iran de l’époque du Shah (1948-1979)»
  • Irina GRIDAN (Paris 1, INALCO) : «Bucarest-Moscou : le ferment nationaliste des dissensions bilatérales (1964)»
  • Antoine MARÈS (université Paris 1) : «Subordination à l’URSS et intérêts nationaux : le cas tchécoslovaque est-il généralisable?»

Conclusions : Marie-Pierre REY (université Paris 1)

Lieu : Centre d’études slaves, 9 rue Michelet, 75006 Paris

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Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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