Séance 8 : les organisations internationales dans la guerre froide

La séance 8 du séminaire «Autour du système de guerre froide» aura lieu le lundi 2 avril 2012, de 16h00 à 18h00, et portera sur les organisations internationales dans la guerre froide, autour de deux interventions :

  • Chloé Maurel sur l’UNESCO
  • Émilia Robin Hivert sur l’Union interparlementaire

Lieu : Maison de la Recherche de Paris IV, 28 rue Serpente, 75006 Paris, salle D224.

Contact : emilia.robin@free.fr

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Environmental Protection in the Global Twentieth Century

Environmental Protection in the Global Twentieth Century: International Organizations, Networks and Diffusion of Ideas and Policies

25-27 October 2012, Berlin

Deadline: 15 January 2012


Issues of pollution, excessive use of natural resources, nature protection and climate change transcend national boundaries. They tend to be of a regional or even global scope. In historical perspective, the European Union was relatively slow to take up environmental protection (beyond health and safety related issues) in the 1970s, followed by the formal introduction of this policy field into the EC treaty with the Single European Act only in 1986-7. In fact, other International Organizations (IOs) had addressed environmental issues much earlier starting with the League of Nations in inter-war Europe. After World War II the United Nations and its Economic Commission for Europe, the Council of Europe and the Organization for European Economic Co-operation and Development, the present-day OECD, addressed environmental issues such as water and air pollution by pooling scientific expertise, collecting comparative data, propagating and funding international scientific programmes and inducing greater media attention to the cross-border dimension of environmental protection.  These IOs became norm entrepreneurs in environmental protection and crucial sites for the diffusion of ideas and policies to other IOs, to states and governments and probably, across world regions and regional integration organizations.

In a long-term perspective covering what might be called the global twentieth century, the UN Conference Man and the Environment in 1972 appears to be a turning point. From then onwards, environmental protection increasingly became the focus of policy-making at the transnational and international level, in the context of IOs, and was no longer confined to bilateral treaties, for example concerning river pollution. This is also when the European Communities developed their first Environmental Action Programmes and began to become involved in issues such as bird and habitat protection. The conference will take the event of 1972 as a point of departure for analyzing the origins of the role of IOs in environmental protection prior to this event and for exploring how it evolved until the early 1990s, with a perspective to the present-day.

Academically, the conference has two main objectives. The first objective is to explore the structural environment for IO activities and agenda-setting in environmental protection, especially their linkages with scientific institutions and experts and any network-type relationships with societal NGO actors as well as member states and governments, which were pioneering new environmental policies nationally. The second aim is to study how the IOs helped to diffuse, or transfer, ideas and policy concepts – by uploading them from societal or state actors at national or regional level or by downloading and re-contextualizing ideas and policy concepts developed within and among IOs to national and regional policy-makers or even, businesses. We assume, and hope to explore in greater detail, that despite the absence in most cases of formal decision-making powers, IOs have been able to play a key role in the diffusion of ideas and policy concepts drawing upon crucial competences such as information gathering and diffusion and translating ideas and concepts across institutional and cultural divides, for example.

Strategically, the proposed conference has three main objectives. The first objective is to de-center the EU as a transformative power by embedding the analysis of its role in environmental protection within a broader study of the transnationalization of this policy field which includes other IOs (including those operating globally and in other world regions) and the EU’s relations with them. The second aim is to connect historical research, which so far has mainly focused on the history of the environment rather than of environmental protection, with social science research on regional and global environmental policy and politics. The third objective is to broaden the study of IOs and environmental protection in Europe to a comparative regional and global analysis which begins to address the question to what extent “Europe” and its regional integration institutions have been the recipients of ideas and policy concepts downloaded from global organizations like the UN or other non-European national or regional actors like the US, and to what extent more recently, “Europe” and the EU have also increasingly acted as norm entrepreneurs and exporters in this policy field.

Historical research on Europe and other world regions in the twentieth-century is currently beginning to develop an interest in the multiple roles of IOs including those with limited policy-making powers, but manifold other functions. At a global level this type of research appears to be even less developed. The initial purpose of the conference is, therefore, to identify and mobilize researchers, research projects and avenues of further enquiry regarding IOs and environmental protection, and bringing these researchers in dialogue with social scientists who work in the field.

We invite paper proposals on any topic or period, which address the role of IOs, experts and networks in the diffusion of ideas and policies of environmental protection. All papers must be based in original research drawing upon archival sources, interviews, media reporting etc. Paper proposals must include the name of the paper-giver, a short CV and a paper abstract of no more than 250 words. The deadline for the submission of paper proposals is 15 January 2012. Paper proposals have to be sent simultaneously to Wolfram.Kaiser@port.ac.uk and jhmeyer@gmx.de.

Successful applicants will be informed on or shortly after 31 January 2012. The KFG “The Transformative Power of Europe” will cover their overnight accommodation in Berlin and reasonable travel costs.

Research College (Kollegforschergruppe, KFG) “The Transformative Power of Europe”, Free University of Berlin; Wolfram Kaiser (Portsmouth) and Jan-Henrik Meyer (Aarhus)


Prof. Wolfram Kaiser (Wolfram.Kaiser@port.ac.uk)
University of Portsmouth
School of Social, Historical and Literary Studies
Milldam, Burnaby Road
Portsmouth PO1 3AS
Tel.: 0044 23 9284 2215

Jan-Henrik Meyer, Dr. phil.  (ihojhm@hum.au.dk and jhmeyer@gmx.de)
Aarhus University
Department of History and Area Studies
Building 1411
Bartholins Allé 16
8000 Århus C
Tel: +45 8942 8066

Website: http://person.au.dk/en/ihojhm@hum.au.dk

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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International organizations and the rise of global governance

Shifting Visions of Development: International Organizations, Non-Governmental Actors, and the Rise of Global Governance, 1945-1990

29-30 septembre 2011

Brême (Allemagne)


International Organizations and INGOs have played a leading role in the making of global development policies during the last fifty years.  Powerful engines of globalization as much as global transmitters of ideas and knowledge, specifically organizations such as the World Bank, the United Nations and private foundations have left big footprints in fields like health, human rights, agriculture, labor, development aid, gender, demography, and ecology. Today, they manage and regulate large sectors of social activity across the globe, functioning as influential clearing houses of global governance.

Historians have only recently rediscovered the history of those organizations. While most of them agree with social scientists that the postwar era marked the high point of international and non-state organizations in a global setting, much research remains to be done to better understand the role of those institutions with regard to policy-making and politics not only in the metropoles but also on the ‘periphery’. How did they shape relations between North and South, East and West? What kinds of practices did they establish on the ground?  Which difference did they make?

The time seems ripe to take a more systematic look at the various fields of development and to bring together leading scholars to assess where we stand and what remains to be done. The conference will assemble historians and social scientists to do justice to the transdisciplinary nature of the fields. Case studies will be combined with conceptual debates. With its interest in a culturally and socially informed political history that takes into account both state and non-state actors and pays attention to the variety of transnational linkages, the conference organizers hope to make a significant contribution to the field of new international and global history.

Sponsored by the German Historical Institute Washington, DC, the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences, and the Research Group TEAMS at Jacobs University Bremen


Jeudi 29 septembre 2011


9:30 – Coffee

10:00 – Words of Welcome

10:15 – Panel 1: A New Role for International Organizations?

  • Jens Steffek/Leonie Holthaus (both Technical University of Darmstadt): Planning, Development and the Functional Design of International Organizations
  • Daniel Speich (ETH Zurich/University of Luzern): Macroeconomic Expertise and International Organizations: Generalizing Knowledge in the Relations between Europe and Africa, 1940s to 1960s

Chair: Jost Duelffer (University of Cologne)

12:00 – Lunch

13:30 – Panel 2: Changing Structures of Governance

  • Helge Pharo (University of Oslo): International Aid Providers: Institutional Cooperation and Competition between Nation-states, NGOs, and International Organizations after 1945
  • Vincent Lagendijk (University of Leiden): From Dam-Age to Damage? The International Governance of Dams and their Environmental Impact since the 1960s

Chair: Welf Werner (Jacobs University Bremen)

15:00 – Coffee Break

15:30 – Panel 3: The New Politics of Productivity

  • Anna-Katharina Wöbse (University of Geneva): Underdeveloped or Overexploited? Setting the UN Global Environmental Agenda, 1945-1950
  • Ruth Jachertz (Humboldt University Berlin): A Global Food Policy? The UN Food and Agriculture Organization and Attempts at Global Governance
  • Antoine Acker (European University Institute, Florence): Volkswagen’s Farming Project in Brazil: From Negotiated to Contested Development

Chair: Rainer Tetzlaff (Jacobs University Bremen)

Vendredi 30 septembre 2011


9:00 – Panel 4: Providing Health and Calories

  • Corinne Pernet (University of St. Gallen): INCAP (Instituto de Nutrición de Centroamerica y Panamá) as a Place of Transfer
  • Claudia Prinz (Humboldt University Berlin): The Global “Diarrhoeal Diseases Control Programme” and the Production, Organization and Politics of Health Knowledge
  • Thomas Zimmer (University of Freiburg): Fighting Malaria in the Name of World Health and Development: The World Health Organization in India

Chair: Corinna Unger (Jacobs University Bremen)

11:15 – Coffee

11:30 – Panel 5: Development and the Global Economy

  • Francine McKenzie (University of Western Ontario): The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and Development in the Third World
  • Matthias Schmelzer (European University Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder)): Growth and Its Limits: The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

Chair: Sönke Kunkel (Jacobs University Bremen)

13:00 – Lunch

14:30 – Panel 6: Humanitarianism, Gender, and Development

  • Heike Wieters (Humboldt University Berlin): CARE: A Study in the Economization of Humanitarianism
  • Jocelyn Olcott (Duke University): Women Rights Activists and International Organizations
  • Eileen Boris (University of California, Santa Barbara): “Mothers, Household Managers, and… Productive Workers in the Economy”:  The International Labor Organization and “Women in Developing Countries”

Chair: Daniel Maul (University of Giessen)

16:30 – Coffee

17:00 – Panel 7: Final Discussion: International Organizations and the Rise of Global Governance. Mapping the Field

  • Bob Reinalda (Radboud University Nijmegen)
  • Klaus Schlichte (University of Bremen)
  • Marc Frey (Jacobs University Bremen)

Chair: Corinna Unger (Jacobs University Bremen)

Sönke Kunkel (s.kunkel@jacobs-university.de)
Jacobs University, Campus Ring 1, 28759 Bremen

(L’appel à communications du colloque est paru sur ce carnet de recherches : http://guerre-froide.hypotheses.org/787)

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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