L’espace et le temps dans un régime autoritaire. La Tchécoslovaquie 1948-1989

Roman Krakovsky (université Paris 1, dir. Antoine Marès) soutiendra sa thèse de doctorat intitulée

L’espace et le temps dans un régime autoritaire. La Tchécoslovaquie 1948-1989

le 3 décembre 2012 à 15h00

Lieu : Salle Duroselle – Galerie Dumas – Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne – 1 rue Victor Cousin – 75005 Paris (France)

Jury :

Paul GRADVOHL (Nancy 2)
Marie-Claire LAVABRE (CNRS)
Antoine MARES (Paris 1)
Pascal ORY (Paris 1)

Résumé :

Ce travail analyse les conceptions socialement dominantes de l’espace et du temps d’un régime autoritaire moderne, le communisme tchécoslovaque (1948-1989). Il cherche à définir les spécificités de la gestion du temps et de l’espace par celui-ci, à montrer comment ce processus contribue à la naissance d’une nouvelle société socialiste et participe à la construction du lien social au quotidien. Avec les méthodes de la socio-histoire, le travail analyse la représentation, la perception et le vécu des principaux cadres sociaux : le temps linéaire et le temps cyclique, l’espace public et l’espace privé, et l’espace-temps politique. Dans la période fondatrice de la démocratie populaire, nous assistons à la transformation radicale de ces cadres, posant les bases d’un nouveau contrat social (1945-1958). Le régime construit un cadre temporel prospectif, fondé la compression et l’accélération du temps. Les démarcations entre le public et le privé se déplacent au détriment du privé. Le rapport au politique se construit par la ritualisation des interactions sociales. Face aux difficultés à imposer ces nouveaux cadres dans la durée, le régime réduit l’horizon de ses attentes. Du contrôle de l’espace et du temps, on se dirige progressivement vers leur autonomisation (1958-1973). Le constat de l’échec du projet social, à partir du milieu des années 1970, conduit à un éloignement progressif et réciproque entre l’État et la société à la fois dans leur conception et leur perception de l’espace et du temps (1974-1989). L’objectif initial de construire une nouvelle société socialiste par la maîtrise totale des cadres sociaux est abandonné au profit du maintien formel de cadres vidés de leur contenu.

Abstract :

The thesis analyzes socially dominant conceptions of time and space in a modern authoritarian regime, the Czechoslovak communism (1948-1989). It seeks to define how the management of time and space contributes to the creation of new socialist society and in what extent it helps building social relations in everyday life. With the methods of social history, the thesis analyzes representations, perceptions and experiences of some key social frameworks: linear and cyclical time, public and private sphere and space-time relations regarding to politics. During the founding period of the popular democracy, these frameworks are radically transformed, laying the foundations for a new social contract (1945-1958). The regime builds a prospective timeframe based upon compression and acceleration of time. The boundaries between the public and the private are displaced to the detriment of the privacy. The relation to politics is based on the ritualization of social interactions. Given the difficulties in imposing these new frameworks over time, the regime reduces its expectations. The control of time and space is gradually heading towards the conquest of their autonomy (1958-1973). The failure of the social project, from the mid-1970s, is resulting in a progressive alienation between state and society both in their conception and perception of time and space (1974-1989). The initial goal to build a new socialist society by a total control over social settings is abandoned in favour of the formal maintaining of its empty frameworks.

Emilia Robin

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De-Stalinisation in the Soviet Union

From a Totalitarian State to an Open Society? De-Stalinisation in the Soviet Union –

9-12 February 2012

Schloss Rauischholzhausen, Ferdinand-von-Stumm-Straße, 35085 Ebsdorfergrund-Rauischholzhausen


Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen; Gießener Zentrum Östliches Europa (GiZo); Gerda Henkel Stiftung

There are many differing interpretations of the Khrushchev-Era, or the era of ‘De-Stalinization’, in the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, the period between 1953 and 1964 remains vague, since no one has been able to define the term “De-Stalinization” in a valid and concise way.

Publications about the Khrushchev years only appear sporadically in German- or English-language historical research. This is in stark contrast to the topic of Stalinism, which dominates the current interest of historians. In the last few years, however, there have been a series of impulses from the Anglo-Saxon space, which is evident, for example, in an edition of ‘The Slavonic and East European Review’ from 2008 entitled “The Relaunch of the Soviet Project, 1945-1964”.

The conference organizers suggest that, in both the German-speaking and the international context, there is a certain need to take stock of and discuss the base of prospective research into this era, free of the rigid frame of ‘contemporary history’ or other established historical concepts. In order to meet this aim, relevant experts will be invited from Germany, Great Britain, Russia and the USA to present their papers.

Thursday, 9th February 2012

20.00 – Opening lecture (impulse)

Chair: Thomas Bohn (Gießen)
Stefan Plaggenborg (Bochum): Post-Stalinism – An Epoch?


Friday, 10th February 2012

9.00-12.30 – Panel 1: Society

Chair: Steven Bittner (Sonoma)

  • Thomas Bohn (Gießen): Closed Cities” versus “Open Society”. De-Stalinisation and Urbanisation
  • Galina Ivanova (Moscow): Destalinizatsiya i sotsial’naya programma Chrushcheva
  • Melanie Ilic (Birmingham): Khrushchev and the Revival of the Woman Question
  • Juliane Fürst (Bristol): Destalinised Youth? Changes and Continuities of Policy, Concept and Experience

Commentary: Dietmar Neutatz (Freiburg)

14.00-17.30 – Panel 2: Communication

Chair: Melanie Ilic (Birmingham)

  • Stephan Merl (Bielefeld): Did Basic Principles of Political Communication change after Stalin’s Death?
  • Jurij Aksyutin (Moscow): Evolyutsiya obshchestvennych nastroeniy v SSSR v 50-e – 70-e gody po materialam massovych oprosov ochevidtsev i svideteley sobytiy tech let
  • Simon Huxtable (London): Rethinking ‘The Regime’: Komsomol’skaia pravda and Political Power, 1956-68

Commentary: Sergei Zhuravlev (Moscow)

Saturday, 11th February 2012


9.00-12.30 – Panel 3: Culture and memory

Chair: Stephan Merl (Bielefeld)

  • Polly Jones (London): Coming to terms with the past, or mastering the past? De-Stalinisation in comparative perspective
  • Maria Zezina (Moscow): Soviet writers and De-Stalinization in the period of “thaw” and after
  • Alexandra Oberländer (Bremen): Those who don’t work shall not eat: A Cultural History of (non-)work in the USSR
  • Michel Abesser (Freiburg): A cultural playground for the Soviet Middle Class? – Soviet Jazz in the 1950s and 60s

Commentary: Beate Fieseler (Düsseldorf)

14.00-17.30 – Panel 4: Space

Chair: Jurij Aksyutin (Moscow)

  • Karsten Brüggemann (Tallinn): National in form, socialist in content? Song Festivals in the Estonian Soviet Republic
  • Rayk Einax (Gießen): Much ado about De-stalinisation. The view from the Belarussian periphery
  • Natalija Kibita (Glasgow): De-Stalinising economic administration: Ukrainian ideas on an alternative vision of centre-republic economic relations (1953-1965)

Commentary: Julia Obertreis (Freiburg)

19.00 – Final session & discussion

Chair: Michel Abesser (Freiburg)/Rayk Einax (Gießen)

Steven Bittner (Sonoma): Was it really the Beginning of the End? De-Stalinisation and the Shadow of the Soviet Collapse



Rayk Einax (Rayk.Einax@geschichte.uni-giessen.de)
JLU Gießen, Historisches Institut, Abt. Osteuropäische Geschichte
Otto-Behagel-Str. 10 D; 35394 Gießen
0641 99 28261
0641 99 28259

Emilia Robin

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Central and Eastern European Media under Dictatorial Rule and in the Early Cold War

MERTELSMANN, Olaf (dir.), Central and Eastern European Media under Dictatorial Rule and in the Early Cold War, Bruxelles, Peter Lang, 2011, 233 p.


This volume presents case studies of media under socialist and fascist dictatorial regimes covering the period from the 1930s till the early Cold War. The regional focus is on Central and Eastern Europe. Fourteen authors from nine countries – among them historians, social scientists and media specialists – explore this interesting chapter in European media history. Media in dictatorships should construct an ‘image of the enemy’, transfer the propaganda of the regime, compete with alternative sources of information such as foreign radio broadcasting, deliver information, mobilise the population and, last but not least, entertain the audience. How media was controlled and how efficient this control was, were both important issues in this context.

Contents: Olaf Mertelsmann: Introduction – Chloé Stephenson: Fascist Interest in Soviet Cinema – Judith Devlin: A Case Study in Censorship: Stalin’s Early Film Image – Inge Marszolek: Exploring NS-Propaganda as Social Practice – Olaf Mertelsmann: Trophy Films and Western Radio Broadcasting as a Window to the World in Post-war Estonia – Roland Graf: Writing for a Political Minority, Gaining the Majority of Readers: the ‘Red Boulevard’ in Austria 1945-1959 – Marietta Stankova: The Media and the Onset of the Cold War in Bulgaria 1944-1947 – Peter Gross: «The Tip of the Lance»: Scinteia and the Establishment of Communism in Romania – Dorina Orzac: Romanian Mass Media in 1945-1950 – Jane Leftwich Curry: The Conundrums of Censorship: Poland in the 1940s and 1950s – Jürgen Wilke: Press Instructions as a Device of Media Control in the German Democratic Republic – Sirje Olesk: Writers’ Collaboration with the Soviet Authorities, and the Dominant Literary Journal in the Estonian SSR in the 1940s and 1950s – Andrej Skolkay: When Innocent Words were Sharp Swords: The Intellectual and Literary Press in the Early Years of Communism in Slovakia – Pavlína Binková: Black and White? – The Beginnings of Czechoslovak Television News Broadcasting – Indrek Treufeldt: Creating a New Communication Environment: The Birth of Television News in Soviet Estonia.

Olaf Mertelsmann is Associate Professor in Contemporary History at the University of Tartu (Estonia). He holds a doctorate from the University of Hamburg and has taught in Hamburg, Novosibirsk, and Tartu. He has published various monographs, edited volumes and articles.

Emilia Robin

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Regional identities under dictatorship and democracy in East Central Europe

“Region – State – Europe. Regional identities under dictatorship and democracy in East Central Europe”

18-20 April 2012, Berlin

Deadline: 30 November 2011

European Network Remembrance and Solidarity, Warsaw; in cooperation with Federal Institute for Culture and History of Germans in Eastern Europe, Oldenburg; German Association for East European Studies, Berlin; Johann Gottfried Herder Research Council, Marburg; Nation´s Memory Institute, Bratislava

The conference will focus on particular cultural and historical factors for the formation of identities and on the current identity discourses with their regional codes since 1945. For an analysis it seems to be appropriate to compare regions still present in memory as well as suppressed ones and nowadays rediscovered historical regions such as Galicia, Prussia, Silesia, Zips, Transylvania and Banat. The demarcation of borders and the divisions that these regions experienced in the 20th century stimulate a transnationally orientated view on differing national historical narratives.

The conference is divided into three parts according to subjects and chronology.

1. Deconstruction of regions – political and social structural fracturing

The regions in East Central Europe have experienced major changes as a result of World War II. New borders, new political and social systems and above all the loss of ethnic variety caused by the Holocaust as well as by differently motivated migration and translocation of certain groups of population affected radically the lives of individuals and societies.

Questions here included are: Which strategies for the political reorganization of regions did the communist rulers pursue? How have these interventions “from above” affected historical areas and their populations? What were the social relations between people of different backgrounds? How did integration and assimilation of the newcomers, their adaptation to the new environment and to the geographical, climatic, social and cultural characteristics of a region proceed?

2. Continuities and discontinuities – mobility and regional awareness

The forced process of industrialization and structural changes in agriculture were connected with dynamic social changes and migration from rural areas to cities. Especially in the socialist states of East Central Europe regional differences and particularities were steadily or more or less explicitly pushed into the background, regional awareness was undermined and even suppressed by the centralized state. Yet, historically grown regional awareness continued to exist and could develop socio-political pressure in the late socialist societies.

In this context the following questions are of vital interest: Did the communist authorities tolerate, maintain or promote regional cultural traditions? What was the scope of self-determined action for the local ruling elites? To what extent did migration from rural areas to cities, social changes and the atheistic state doctrine affect religious and traditional customs (loyalty versus disloyalty to the ruling authorities)? How did regional identities develop in cities in comparison to rural regions? What kind of relevant connecting factors did a stable peasant culture offer to the preservation of regional cultural heritage?

3. Renaissance or construction of regional awareness?

Inspite of political pressure the regions of Eastern Europe have preserved various elements of their historically grown identity, new elements have been added, old identities redefined after 1989. More than twenty years after the peaceful revolution it is interesting to see how regional awareness has been shaped over the last two decades, especially that of the younger generation.

How significant are remembrance and maintenance of the culture and history (including that of the Germans), early multi-ethnicity and other elements in the different regions of Eastern Europe? Have former conflicts been revitalized, e.g. by regional autonomy efforts? Which features of identity are remembered, which are suppressed? What role does the material cultural heritage play for shaping identities in the region? What is the significance of historico-cultural locational factors in the competition among the regions (e.g. the annual choice of the European capital of culture and its visibility)?

Speaking time shall not exceed 20 minutes. Conference languages are English and German.

Please send us an abstract (approx. 2400 characters) of your (unpublished) exposé and a short CV until 30th November 2011.

A publication of the papers is planned.

Please send your proposals by email to: Dr. Gabriele Freitag (freitag@dgo-online.org) and Dr. Burkhard Olschowsky (Burkhard.Olschowsky@enrs.eu)

Emilia Robin

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Communication politique sous le socialisme d’État après 1945

Politische Kommunikation im Staatssozialismus nach 1945 [Communication politique sous le socialisme d’État après 1945]

Bielefeld (Allemagne)

7-8 octobre 2011


Lieu : Senatssaal, Universität Bielefeld, A3-126



Vendredi 7 octobre 2011

9.00-9.45 – Einführung

Willibald Steinmetz (Bielefeld) : Begrüßung der Teilnehmer

Kirsten Bönker, Stephan Merl (Bielefeld) : Perspektiven politischer Kommunikation im Staatssozialismus nach 1945

9.45-10.00 – Kaffeepause

10.00-12.15 – Senden I: Propaganda als Strategie medialer Kommunikation

Moderation: Stephan Merl (Bielefeld)

  • Agnieszka Zagańczyk-Neufeld (Bochum) : Lügt die Partei wirklich?  Rechtfertigungsstrategien der polnischen PVAP im offiziellen Publikationswesen
  • Anke Fiedler, Michael Meyen (München) : Medienlenkung als Öffentlichkeitsarbeit: Eine quantitative Inhaltsanalyse von vier zentralen DDR-Zeitungen (1950-1989)
  • Mark Miller (University of Cambridge) : The East German Mass Media Coverage of the Neue Ostpolitik

Kommentar: Jörg Requate (Bielefeld)

12.15-13.30 – Mittagessen

13.30-14.45 – Senden II: Humor als Strategie medialer Kommunikation

Moderation: Malte Griesse (Bielefeld)

  • Ivana Dobrivojevic (Belgrad) : Cartoon as a powerful propaganda tool.  Creating the images of East and West in Yugoslav satirical press
  • Anna Tikhomirova (Reutlingen) : Lachen als Wunderheilmittel? Die sowjetische Satirezeitschrift „Krokodil“ als Medium der politischen Kommunikation

Kommentar: Thomas Bohn (Giessen)

14.45-15.00 – Kaffeepause

15.00-16.15 – Sehen und hören: Zum Umgang mit der Propaganda und den Medien

Moderation: Christoph Boyer (Salzburg)

  • Christian Könne (Mannheim) : Politische Kommunikation im DDR-Hörfunk der 1960er-Jahre. Was sendet die Partei aus und wie nehmen die Menschen es auf?
  • Elena A. Bogdanova (St. Petersburg) : “Tell me what radio channel do you prefer, and I’ll tell you who you are”. One more view on the social structure of the late-soviet society

Kommentar: Kirsten Bönker (Bielefeld)

16.15-16.30 – Kaffeepause

16.30-18.30 – Geld, Konsum, Arbeit: Mobilisierung, materielle Kultur und Kommunikation

Moderation: Kirsten Bönker (Bielefeld)

  • Jakob Fruchtmann (Bremen) : Geld in der Sowjetunion und der Russischen Föderation – Medium politischer Kommunikation?
  • Laura Honsberger (New York) : “Wenn der Samowar dampft”: Communicating East German Socialism with the Soviet Object
  • Christian Kurzweg (Leipzig) : Die “körperliche Arbeit” von Verwaltungsfunktionären der DDR, 1957-1961

Kommentar: Christoph Boyer (Salzburg)

Ab 19.30 – Gemeinsames Abendessen

Samedi 8 octobre 2011


9.00-11.30 – Gehör finden wollen: Strategien der Kommunikation “von unten”

Moderation: Thomas Bohn (Giessen)

  • Stefan Lehr (Münster) : Eingaben an das tschechische Fernsehen und Radio im Kontext der Normalisierung
  • Aliaksandr Dalhouski (Giessen) : Kommunikation zwischen Bevölkerung und Staat nach Tschernobyl in Weißrussland
  • Hedwig Richter (Greifswald) : Das Fest der Wahlen als Chance zur Kommunikation in der DDR
  • Olga Galanova (Bielefeld) : Rhetorik der Politisierung vom Alltäglichen in Anrufen bei der öffentlichen Dienststelle des Ministeriums für Staatssicherheit in der DDR

Kommentar: Stephan Merl (Bielefeld)

11.30-12.15 – Imbiss in der Cafeteria

12.15-13.15 – Abschlussdiskussion: Perspektiven politischer Kommunikation im Staatssozialismus nach 1945

Moderation: Kirsten Bönker (Bielefeld)


Contact:  kirsten.boenker@uni-bielefeld.de

Télécharger le programme : Kommunikation im Staatssozialismus (Bielefeld, Oktober 2011)

Emilia Robin

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Sots-Speak: Regimes of Language under Socialism

Sots-Speak: Regimes of Language under Socialism

20-22 mai 2011


The attempt to build communism in Eastern Europe was accompanied by the development of a distinctive language paradigm, first in the Soviet Union, then—by a process of cultural translation and local adaptation—in the satellite states of the Socialist Bloc. The official discourse possessed its own “speech genres” (tied to specific communicative contexts, social roles, and political tasks), easily recognizable rhetorical patterns and lexical peculiarities. It is intuitively obvious that this discourse, which we provisionally label sots-speak, was instrumental in legitimizing and perpetuating the political system, in shaping individual psychologies and cultural expressions. However, our knowledge of its exact nature and practical existence remains sketchy, as the topic still awaits systematic research. The aim of this conference is to bring together scholars whose work helps shed light on the politico-ideological idiom(s) of state socialism, so that we can begin to develop a sophisticated, multi-layered picture of this special universe of discourse. A deeper understanding of its constitutive linguistic features and the tendencies that define its evolution represents a major desideratum on its own; yet we see this understanding as prerequisite for engaging in questions of broader cultural significance and soliciting a range of (inter)disciplinary inquiries (sociolinguistics, social psychology, anthropology, philosophy, cultural and literary studies, political science, etc.).

20 May 2011

12.30 – Welcome Address

12.45-2.45 – Panel 1: Linguistic Anatomies

  • Konstantin Bogdanov (Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg) : “Soviet Language Culture in the Light of Ethnolinguistics”
  • Anastasia Smirnova (Ohio State U) : “Aligning Language to Ideology: A Socio-Semantic Analysis of Communist and Democratic Discourse in Bulgaria”
  • Calin Morar Vulcu (Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj) : “From Subject to Object of Description: Classes in Romanian State-Socialist Discourse”

Chair: Olga Hasty (Princeton U)
Discussant: Mirjam Fried (Czech Academy of Sciences)

3.00-5.15 – Panel 2: Making Things with Words

  • Choi Chatterjee (California State U, Los Angeles) : “Lady in Red: Bolshevik Feminism in the American Imagination, 1917-1939”
  • Samantha Sherry (U of Edinburgh) : “‘Bird Watchers of the World, Unite!’ The Language of Ideology in Soviet Translation”
  • Jessie Labov (Ohio State U) : “The Puzzle of the Yugoslav Nationalist/ Dissident from Helsinki to Dayton”
  • Alyssa DeBlasio (Dickinson College) : “Philosophical Rhetoric and Istoriia russkoi filosofii”

Chair: David Bellos (Princeton U)
Discussant: Irena Grudzinska Gross (Princeton U)
5.30-6.45 – Keynote address: Jochen Hellbeck (Rutgers U), “The Language of Soviet Experience and Its Meanings”

7.00 – Reception

21 May 2011

9.00-11.00 – Panel 3: Speaking Stalinese

  • Carol Any (Trinity College) : “Public and Private Speech Genres in the Soviet Writers’ Union under Stalin”
  • Ilya Venyavkin (Russian State University for the Humanities) : “Mystical Insight under Socialism: The Language of Political Confessions in the late 1930-s”
  • Anastasia Ryabchuk (National U of Kyiv Mohyla Academy) : “Parasites, Asocials, and Work-Shy: Discursive Construction of Homelessness and Vagrancy in the USSR”

Chair: Petre Petrov (Princeton U)
Discussant: Jochen Hellbeck (Rutgers U)

11.15-1.15 – Panel 4: Figures of Rhetoric

  • Elena Gapova (Western Michigan U / European Humanities U) : “The Party Solemnly Proclaims: the Present Generation of Soviet People Shall Live in Communism”: The Rhetoric of Utopia in Krushchev Era”
  • Karen Petrone (U of Kentucky) : “Afghanistan and the New Discourse of War in the Late Soviet Era”
  • Yulia Minkova (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State) : “Our Man in Chile, or Victor Jara’s Posthumous Life in Soviet Media and Popular Culture”

Chair: Ellen Chances (Princeton U)
Discussant: Eliot Borenstein (New York U)


2.30-4.45 – Panel 5: On the Literary Front

  • Maria Kisel (Lawrence U) : “Satirical and Philosophical Dimensions of Sots-speak in Andrei Platonov’s Fiction”
  • Natalia Skradol (Hebrew U / Ben Gurion University of the Negev) : “The Evolution of the Soviet Bestiary: Satirical Fables from Bednyi to Mikhalkov”
  • Eva Cermanova (U of Aberdeen) : “The Diktat of Language: Bureaucratic Paranoia in Havel’s Memorandum”
  • Baktyul Aliev (McGill U) : “Visuality in V. Narbikova’s Okolo ekolo”

Chair: Emily Van Buskirk (Rutgers U)
Discussant: Helena Goscilo (Ohio State U)

5.00-6.15 – Media Presentation: Vitaly Komar, “Word and Image: The Duality of Sots-Art”

6.30 – Dinner (Prospect House)

22 May 2011

9.00-11.15 – Panel 6: Practices of Language

  • Jonathan Larson (U of Iowa) : “Sentimental Kritika: Hazardous Dialectics and Deictics in Socialist Criticism”
  • James RobertsonNew York U) : “Speaking Titoism: Non-Alignment and the Language Regime of Yugoslav Socialism”
  • Suzanne Cohen (Temple U) : “In and Out of Frame: The Soviet Training as Sots-Speak”
  • Julia Lerner and Claudia Zbenovich (Ben Gurion University of the Negev / Hadassah College of Jerusalem) : “Talk and Dress: Adapting the Therapeutic Paradigm to Post-Soviet Speak”

Chair: Margaret Beissinger (Princeton U)
Discussant: Anna Katsnelson (Princeton U)

11.30-1.30 – Panel 7: Discursive Remnants

  • Maria Rives (Yale U) : “Authoritative Discourse in Post-Authoritarian Russia”
  • Lara Ryazanova-Clarke (U of Edinburgh) : “Stalinism as an Auteur Project: Meta Sots-Speak in Contemporary Russian Public Discourse”
  • Gasan Gusejnov (Moscow State U) : “On the Vitality of Artificial, or Stalin’s Rhetoric Revisited”

Chair: Rossen Djagalov (Yale U)

Discussant: Caryl Emerson (Princeton U)

Venue : Princeton University, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, 219 Aaron Burr Hall

Website : http://slavic.princeton.edu/events/calendar/detail.php?ID=2027

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Allemagne de l’Est / Russie / URSS

Allemagne de l’Est / Russie / URSS


3 mars 2011

Programme :

  • 10h00 : E. Droit (université de Rennes II) : «La Stasi à l’école»
  • 11h00 : E. Chouleur : «La famine de 1932-1933»
  • 14h00 : F. Boiché : «Le culte de Staline, 1945-1953»
  • 15h00 : V. Antoshkina : «L’URSS et l’intégration européenne, 1951-1962»

Lieu : Maison de la recherche, salle A 306, Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail, 5 allée Antonio Machado, 31058 Toulouse Cedex 9

Organisation : Jean-Paul Depretto (depretto.jp@gmail.com), université de Toulouse II-Le Mirail.

Emilia Robin

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Anti-communist resistance in Central and Eastern Europe

Anti-communist resistance in Central and Eastern Europe

14-16 novembre 2011, Bratislava

Date limite de réponse : 30 juin 2011

The Slovak Nation’s Memory Institute in cooperation with their foreign partners (The Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes, Czech Republic; The Institute of National Remembrance, Poland and The Institute for the History of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, Hungary) organizes an international scientific conference called Anti-communist resistance in Central and Eastern Europe. Three days conference will take place in Bratislava on November 14–16, 2011.

The conference aims to present the latest results of historical (scientific) research in the area of anti-communist activities including revolts, exodus of people and persecutions in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, which were ruled by communists regimes after the end of the World War II. The conference intends to bring the broadest context of civil actions against the totalitarian regime, including open rebellions against communists government. It will also analyze various forms of persecutions against the opponents of communism. The presence of researchers from several countries of the former soviet bloc will give a comparative view on the common features as well as the particularities of development of the anti-communist resistance in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

Conference languages will be Slovak and English, simultaneous translation will be provided.

Conference domains:

  1. The illegal groups and dissidents in the anti-communist resistance
  2. Opposition activities in the official and semi-official organizations (students, churches, armed forces etc.)
  3. Open rebellions and insurrections against the communist regime
  4. Political emigration in the battle against the communist regime
  5. The forms of judicial and extrajudicial persecutions of anti-communist resistance activists
  6. The role of media and propaganda in the struggle against the communist regime

Provided that the presented conference agenda strikes your interest, please fill this ONLINE FORMULÁR or forward your PRIHLÁŠKU and an abstract of your paper (max. 1 page) by 30 June 2011 via email to peter.jasek@upn.gov.sk or by post to:

Ústav pamäti národa
Nám. slobody 6
817 83 Bratislava 15

Contact person: Peter Jašek
tel.: 00421 2 593 00 338

Site Web : http://www.upn.gov.sk/ine/anti-communist-resistance-in-central-and-eastern-europe

Emilia Robin

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Les Soviétiques, un pouvoir, des régimes

Kondratieva, Tamara (dir.), Les Soviétiques, un pouvoir, des régimes, Paris : Les Belles Lettres, 2011, 432 p.

Résumé de l’éditeur :

En Union soviétique, le mode de vie et l’organisation du travail dans les kolkhozes, les villes fermées, les unions des créateurs, les usines du complexe militaro-industriel étaient régis par une multitude de régimes particuliers.

Dans ce livre, des historiens russes et français se penchent sur cette réalité largement ignorée et démontrent ainsi combien le régime soviétique était pluriel. Qualifié de totalitaire sous Staline puis d’autoritaire après sa mort, ce régime perd son caractère englobant quand on étudie de près les mondes clos des différentes catégories de sa population. Au-delà des divisions administratives, nationales, sociales ou professionnelles relativement connues jusqu’ici, les auteurs appréhendent la population à travers les manières dont elle réagit aux règles particulières imposées par les différents régimes en vigueur à l’époque. Ils montrent comment les Soviétiques n’existent pas en tant qu’entité pleine et entière mais sont composés de groupe d’individus distincts, identifiables presque individuellement. Contrairement à une opinion répandue à propos d’un consensus imposé par le pouvoir, ce livre montre un écart entre les stratégies individuelles et la norme collective qui s’est brusquement accrue dans les années 1970 : ce déséquilibre a été provoqué en réaction à une organisation culturelle, mêlant des dogmes idéologiques acquis après 1917 à des usages séculaires de gouvernance.

L’objectif de l’ouvrage est de faire découvrir aux lecteurs la diversité des expériences vécues par les Soviétiques, selon la catégorie à laquelle ils appartenaient. En Union soviétique, la ligne du Parti était certes prégnante mais était beaucoup plus diverse que ne la représente aujourd’hui encore une mémoire figée depuis la guerre froide.

Table des matières :

Territoire et lieux secrets de production et de documentation

  • V.A. Kolossov, P.M. Polian : «Les limites de la mobilité sociale et la construction de l’espace (de l’époque stalinienne à nos jours)»
  • N. Melnikova : «Les artisans du projet nucléaire dans les villes fermées»
  • Т.I. Khorkhordina : «Les conservateurs des documents confidentiels»

Les régimes de travail

  • Т. Kondratieva : «Les personnes matériellement responsables sous le régime de la propriété socialiste»
  • А. Sokolov : «Les régimes dans les entreprises soviétiques»
  • S. Zhuravlev La transition d’un régime à l’autre : le cas de la société anonyme d’AvtoVaz»
  • L. Denissova : «La vie selon les Règlements de kolkhoze»
  • G.M. Ivanova : «”Oh vous, avec vos numéros, vous êtes des hommes, pas des esclaves”»

L’identification par les régimes

  • N. Moine : «Les frontières intérieures de la citoyenneté soviétique. La territorialisation des discriminations en Union soviétique à travers le régime des passeports»
  • G.M. Kostyrtchenko : «L’épée de Damoclès du “cinquième point”»
  • L. Zakharova : «La mode ou un régime de nivellement social»

Un régime de privilèges

  • T. Kondratieva : «Des habitués de la cantine du Kremlin et de quelques autres privilégiés»
  • N. Petrov : «Les siens dans les organes de sécurité d’État»
  • М. Zezina : «L’intelligentsia scientifique et artistique et son régime de privilèges»

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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Quatre séances du séminaire «La Russie au XXe siècle»

Le séminaire «La Russie au XXe siècle. Politique intérieure et influences internationales», organisé conjointement à l’Université Paris 1 et à l’ENS par Sabine Dullin et Sophie Cœuré, consacre quatre de ses séances à des thèmes qui peuvent intéresser les historiens de la guerre froide :

  • Jeudi 27 janvier. Sophie Coeuré : «La diplomatie culturelle soviétique, bilan historiographique et nouveaux chantiers»
  • Jeudi 24 février. Comptes rendus d’articles par les étudiants à l’oral autour du thème : «L’URSS dans le “Tiers-Monde” : relations, modèles, réseaux»
  • Jeudi 10 mars. Séance en commun avec le CERCEC (CNRS-EHESS) : «Les archives sonores du Goulag»
  • Jeudi 7 avril. Valérie Pozner (CNRS) : «Les films étrangers en URSS, entre commerce et trophée»

Lieu : École normale supérieure, 45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris, salle d’Histoire (Esc. D, 2e étage), le jeudi de 16h00 à 18h00

Renseignements : http://www.histoire.ens.fr/La-Russie-au-XXe-siecle-Politique.html

Emilia Robin

Histoire de la guerre froide, humanités numériques, linux, médiation scientifique

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